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The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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Ivanov Roman S. (2015). Application of a polygraph detector in diagnosing symptom simulation of the biographical amnesia. National Psychological Journal. 4, 79-90.

The paper considers the first case of using polygraph («lie detector») in the history of Russia for diagnosing possible simulation of auto amnesia symptoms (biographical amnesia).

In recent years, the number of cases of biographical amnesia have increased greatly. Today there are several scientific concepts to explain the amnesia of biographical information using a number of approaches. Some psychiatrists believe that the existence of specified disorder is false. The appeal of scientists to the method of psychophysiological research using the polygraph to diagnose possible simulation of auto amnesia is due to the fact that the object of such research is human memory, i.e. mental process of influenced by different types of amnesia.

This paper describes basic provisions of carrying out technology research for diagnosing possible cases of simulating symptoms of biographical amnesia, highlighting the progress in detail, conditions and results of the performed experiment that showed that the functional status of the patient was unsuitable for using the polygraph. Therefore, to reach a conclusion about the simulation of the symptoms of the disease is not possible.

The most probable causes of this result deal with the assumption about patient taking therapeutically potent drugs that produce a pronounced anti-anxiety effect. Reexamination after the expiration of pharmacological drug term is recommended.

The paper is of practical interest to psychiatrists, experts in the field of medical and clinical psychology, polygraph practitioners.

Received: 03/09/2015

Accepted: 04/24/2015

Pages: 79-90

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2015.0408

Keywords: psychophysiological investigation using a polygraph; auto amnesia; biographical amnesia; psychotherapy; clinical psychology; possible simulation of symptoms;

By: Ivanov, Roman S.;

Available Online: 12/31/2015

Reshetnikov Ě.Ě. (2015). Mental health of Russian population: new tendencies and old problems. National psychological journal. 1 (17), 9-15.

Contemporary situation with mental health is reviewed, and developments in psychiatry, psychotherapy and clinical psychology are monitored. Russian experience is discussed in the context of the world tendencies. In the situation of the unprecedented increase in psychopathology, insufficient attention has been paid to the crisis phenomena in psychiatry and psychology as well as the development of mental health institutions, which are still in need of specialists, and facilitation of health care programs for population.

The author writes about the increase in the number of patients who need psychiatric or psychological care, lack of experts in the mental health system, low psychological culture of the population, lack of early diagnosis of predisposition to psychopathology.

Multiple hypotheses on the causes of mental disorders are outlined in the paper. Among them, the theory of nervous exhaustion, the hypothesis that mental disorders are associated with impaired brain electrical activity, the theory of the special role of the frontal lobes in the emergence of psychopathology, the hypothesis of an imbalance of hormones, as an etiological factor of mental illness and others, are given account. The paper raises issues of mental disorders classification. The author also discusses the issue of chemical treatment and its isolated and uncontrolled use within mental disorders.

However, the review is incomplete and tends to be an invitation for mental health specialists to further discuss the issues mentioned in the paper.

Received: 12/20/2014

Accepted: 01/12/2015

Pages: 9-15

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2015.0102

Keywords: psychiatry; psychotherapy; psychology; increase in psychopathology; methodological crisis in psychiatry and psychology; mental health;

By: Reshetnikov M.M.;

Available Online: 03/30/2015

Zinchenko Yu. P., Menshikova G. Ya., Bayakovskii Yu. M., Chernorizov A. M., Voiskunsky A. E.(2010).Virtual reality technology in the context of world and national psychology: methodological aspects, achievements and prospects.National Psychological Journal,1(3), 54-62

In the article specific experimental studies, performed with the use of virtual reality systems are described, Promising directions of modification of research paradigms in cognitive, organizational, social and clinical psychology are introduced. The possibility of using new technology to address educational psychology, psychotherapy and psychological rehabilitation is analyzed.

Pages: 54-62

Keywords: psychotechnologies; technology of virtual reality; experimental psychology; psychotherapy; psychology of safety; psychophysiology; psychological rehabilitation; communication; perception;

By: Zinchenko, Yury. P.; Menshikova, Galina Ya.; Bayakovsky Yu.M.; Chernorizov A.M.; Voiskounsky A.E.;

Zinchenko Yu. P., Menshikova G. Ya., Bayakovsky Yu. M., Chernorizov A. M., Voiskunsky A. E. (2010). Virtual reality technology in the context of world and national psychology: methodological aspects, achievements and prospects.National Psychological Journal,2(4), 64-71

In the article specific experimental studies, performed with the use of virtual reality systems are described, Promising directions of modification of research paradigms in cognitive, organizational, social and clinical psychology are introduced. The possibility of using new technology to address educational psychology, psychotherapy and psychological rehabilitation is analyzed.

Pages: 64-71

Keywords: psychotechnologies; technology of virtual reality; experimental psychology; psychotherapy; psychology of safety; psychophysiology; psychological rehabilitation; organizational psychology; innovative education; perception; communication;

By: Zinchenko, Yury. P.; Menshikova, Galina Ya.; Bayakovsky Yu.M.; Chernorizov A.M.; Voiskounsky A.E.;

Petrenko V.F. (2011). Spiritual psychological practice in creating an atmosphere of tolerance, religious toleration and nonviolence. National Psychological Journal, 2(6),117-121

The role of spiritual psychological practice in building personal tolerance attitudes is shown. Some classical psychotherapeutic techniques, as well as psychological practice, formed in different religious confessions, especially Buddhism and Orthodoxy, are considered. Particular attention is paid to the Buddhist techniques of working consciousness.

Pages: 117-121

Keywords: tolerance; religious toleration; ethnocentrism; understanding of the Other" training course; world religions; Buddhism; Christianity; psychotherapeutic practice; psychotherapy; ">; meditation; hesychasm (Quietism); Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhist spiritual practice;

By: Petrenko V.F.;


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