ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
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Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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MainAuthors

Voiskounsky Alexandr E.

Войскунский А. Е.

Researcherid: I-2074-2012

Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University;

Ph.D in Psychology. Employee of Department of General Psychology.
Moscow, Russia

Articles

Molchanov S.V., Voiskounsky A.E., Markina O.S., Borodina A.S. (2019) Cognitive forms of processing social information in adolescents with different levels of moral development. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 12(4), 3–11

The Background of the study is determined by the importance of information exchange for adolescent moral development, in particular the role of cognitive processing of social information (CPI) for the development of moral consciousness.

The Objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between the level of moral development of adolescents and the Internet CPI. The Hypothesis of the study: the features of moral sensitivity and the level of development of moral judgments in adolescents provide background to different stages of cognitive processing of social information on the Internet.

Methods and sampling. The study used the following methods: «Justice – Care» method (S.V. Molchanov) aimed at identifying the level of development of moral judgments was used; the author’s method of identifying the level of moral sensitivity, the method of cognitive processes of assessing social information on the Internet; Yanoff-Bulman scale of basic beliefs (modified By M. A. Padun and A.V. Kotelnikova). The study involved 208 adolescents aged 13-18 years (48% males and 52% females).

Results. On the basis of the cluster analysis, two groups of adolescents were identified – individuals with a high level of development of moral judgments and high moral sensitivity and individuals with a low level of development of moral judgments and heterogeneous moral sensitivity. Moral sensitivity determines how much the subject is aware of the moral content of problem situations. Adolescents with a high level of moral development are characterized by a strong belief in the justice of the world and the experience of the value and significance of their own Self. Differences in cognitive processing of social information are revealed. Adolescents with a high level of moral development are more focused on the choice of response behaviour, taking into account its possible consequences and assessing self-efficacy in the process of social interaction in the Internet space. Adolescents with a low level of moral development are more focused on the interpretive stage of social information analysis, where the task is to understand the moral content of the situation and highlight the moral conflict.

Received: 11/18/2019

Accepted: 12/04/2019

Pages: 3-11

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2019.0401

By: ; ; Markina O.S.; Borodina A.S.;

Keywords: moral development; moral attitude; information exchange; cognitive forms of social information analysis; adolescent age; Internet;

Available Online: 31.12.2019

Molchanov S.V., Almazova O.V., Voiskounsky A.E., Poskrebisheva N.N. (2018). Role of personality features of adolescents in processing information via social network communication.. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 4, 3–15. doi: 10.11621/npj.2018.0401

Introduction Informational socializing of modern adolescents influences the form of communication as the main source of development and self-determination as the major developmental factor in adolescence. The investigation of links between personal features and moral values and Internet involvement allows defining the problem of correlations between personal and cognitive component of development and prevent cyberbulling and communication on-line risks.

The Objective of the study is to investigate the correlation between basic attitude and moral values of adolescents and the productivity of cognitive processing of social information on the Internet. The hypothesis of the study is the assumption that adolescents with a positive attitude to the mediated world and a high level of moral values reveal greater productivity of cognitive methods of processing social information obtained on the Internet. One of the goals of the research was to identify the relationship between basic beliefs and the Internet addiction in adolescents.

Methods and sampling. The study used the following methods: 1. Basic Belief Scale by R. Yanoff-Bulman (Kalmykova, Padun, 2002); 2. Methods of diagnosing moral values "Fair-Care" (S. Molchanov, A. Podolsky); 3) the author's method of cognitive assessment of social information on the Internet, based on the Crick and Dodge model (Crick, Dodge, 1994); 4. Method of diagnosing Internet-dependent behavior by S.H.Chen. The population aged 13 to 18 years accounted 175 adolescents (49% males and (51% females).

Results. Three groups of adolescents were different in the nature of basic assumptions and the level of development of moral values optimists, pessimists, and ego-centered pessimists, and Internet addicted. Comparative analysis of the cognitive methods of processing social information on the Internet, as well as signs of Internet addiction was carried out.

Conclusions: The hypothesis that positive attitude to the mediated world and belief that they control life, a high level of moral values associated with more productive cognitive methods of processing social information on the Internet has received confirmation. A group of adolescents identified as “pessimists” (perception of the world as hostile, negative image of themselves, lack of confidence in the world and success, low level of moral values) reveal signs of Internet addiction in behaviour.

Received: 11/24/2018

Accepted: 12/07/2018

Pages: 3-15

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2018.0401

By: ; ; ; ;

Keywords: basic assumptions; moral values; cognitive methods of social information processing; adolescence; Internet dependence;

Available Online: 30.12.2018

Voiskunsky A.E. (2006). Studies in Psychology of Computerization: History and Current State. National Psychological Journal,1(1), 58-62

The article outlines the history of the psychology of computerization in Russia and describes its present state, focusing mainly on researches on mediation of human activity by computers and computer networks (the Internet and various Internet services) conducted at Department of Psychology of Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Pages: 58-62

By: ;

Keywords: psychology of computerization; computers; computerization; human interaction with computer networks; the impact of computers on humans;

Zinchenko Yu. P., Menshikova G. Ya., Bayakovskii Yu. M., Chernorizov A. M., Voiskunsky A. E.(2010).Virtual reality technology in the context of world and national psychology: methodological aspects, achievements and prospects.National Psychological Journal,1(3), 54-62

In the article specific experimental studies, performed with the use of virtual reality systems are described, Promising directions of modification of research paradigms in cognitive, organizational, social and clinical psychology are introduced. The possibility of using new technology to address educational psychology, psychotherapy and psychological rehabilitation is analyzed.

Pages: 54-62

By: ; ; Bayakovsky Yu.M.; Chernorizov A.M.; ;

Keywords: psychotechnologies; technology of virtual reality; experimental psychology; psychotherapy; psychology of safety; psychophysiology; psychological rehabilitation; communication; perception;

Voiskunsky A. E. (2010). Iinformation security: psychological aspects.National Psychological Journal,1(3), 48-53

The problems of information security in the area of new technologies are considered. Central to the range of issues under consideration are psychological problems. It is stated that a number of children and adolescents can not use transfer to the virtual environment rules of moral behavior they are familiar with; this is the reason of large influx of newcomers violators of rules of behavior to the networking community. The necessity of developing a special training course designed to help such children and adolescents, as well as the widespread education of the younger generation in the sphere of the basics of cyberethics. The usefulness of this training course is illustrated by the results of a study conducted in the cyber environment: preferred direction of hacker community are demonstrated.

Pages: 48-53

By: ;

Keywords: information security; computer security; psychology; moral development; ethics; hackers; flow experience;

Zinchenko Yu. P., Menshikova G. Ya., Bayakovsky Yu. M., Chernorizov A. M., Voiskunsky A. E. (2010). Virtual reality technology in the context of world and national psychology: methodological aspects, achievements and prospects.National Psychological Journal,2(4), 64-71

In the article specific experimental studies, performed with the use of virtual reality systems are described, Promising directions of modification of research paradigms in cognitive, organizational, social and clinical psychology are introduced. The possibility of using new technology to address educational psychology, psychotherapy and psychological rehabilitation is analyzed.

Pages: 64-71

By: ; ; Bayakovsky Yu.M.; Chernorizov A.M.; ;

Keywords: psychotechnologies; technology of virtual reality; experimental psychology; psychotherapy; psychology of safety; psychophysiology; psychological rehabilitation; organizational psychology; innovative education; perception; communication;


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