ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
Ru | En
Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Main RSS Search

MainKeywords

development

Publications

Filter
En:
DOI Number:
  

Zharova, Darya V., Minkov, Vladimir A. (2016). On specifics of pedagogical work and professional competence of teachers in the British scientists’ works of the late 19th century. National Psychological Journal. 1, 96-101.

The process of establishing national education in Great Britain in the late 19th century demanded acceptance of cardinal measures on revising the system of primary education in general, changing the approaches to training and education of children and teacher training. A wide network of teacher training colleges required manuals on pedagogical psychology for elementary school teachers. Alexander Bain and James Sully were the first to develop the issues of pedagogical psychology in Great Britain. Psychology and pedagogical views of Alexander Bain can be found in the works “Education as a Science“, “Psychology“. Psychological ideas of James Sully are reflected in the works “The Teacher’s Handbook of Psychology“, “Studies of Childhood“, “Pedagogical Psychology“. In the works of the British scientists, a wide range of pedagogical psychology issues are presented: from lesson organization issues to problems of professional and basic qualities of teachers. Ideas on the value of a reflection and empathy as factors of efficacy of pedagogical activity were innovative ideas, for psychology and pedagogical science of the 19th century; readiness and ability of the teacher for self-control as basis of efficiency of training and education processes; on the value of communicative, organizing and pedagogical abilities of the teacher, etc. First mentioned in Alexander Bain and James Sully’s works, many ideas find reflection in works of modern scholars.

Received: 01/19/2016

Accepted: 02/02/2016

Pages: 96-101

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0112

Keywords: educational psychology; teacher; education; training; child; development;

By: ; ;

Available Online: 07/06/2016

Pogozhina Irina N. (2015). Determination of logical thinking through the prism of postnonclassical paradigm. National Psychological Journal. 4, 13-22.

The aim of this study is to analyse the cognitive processes functioning and development. Nevertheless, another particular goal is to analyse logical thinking functioning and development. Within this research they are analysed as the open nonequilibrium self-developing systems whose behaviour is determined by the complex inter-relationships between external and internal determinants.

Three groups of factors, which should be included in any postnonclassical determination model, are represented by three groups of research objectives: 1) studying intrinsic laws of cognitive mental processes (and structure) functioning and developing as an integrated system; describing its equilibrium (relatively stable) and nonequilibrium conditions; 2) studying the interrelationship of the external and internal determinants, dynamic and statistic types of causal relationships in the cognitive operation and development processes in equilibrium and nonequilibrium phases; 3) studying the influence of the external determinants and describing the cognitive system change mechanisms during its transfer process to a new level of development.

This approach clarifies and complicates the conventional perspective of the relationship between learning and development, whereas the mental processes development is deemed as exclusively determined either from outside (training) or from inside (development). Within this approach it is possible to describe in detail the working mechanisms of the so-called «zone of proximal development».

As a result of theoretical analysis, all three research tasks groups are specified using logical thinking development context. A hypothesis states that the content of objects and knowledge about objects, which are determined by the cultural and social environment and which are imparted in the training process, may be the external cause of forming and developing thinking of a human individual (its composition and structure). Moreover, the content of objects and knowledge about objects may launch self-organization process of the logical thinking system elements in accordance with its potential for self-development.

Design of experimental verification of the proposed determination model efficacy is described in details and theoretically justified using the development material of the preschoolers logical thinking.

Received: 05/27/2015

Accepted: 06/20/2015

Pages: 13-22

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2015.0402

Keywords: self-organization and self-developing systems; postnonclassical determination model; cognitive development; logic thinking development; training; development;

By: ;

Available Online: 12/31/2015

Burlakova N.S. (2013). Identification with «father figure» in the context of child self-identity at 3-5 year age. National psychological journal. 4 (12), 44-55.

The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the role of identification with «father figure» on a par with its symbolic functions in the development and formation of child self-identity. Particular attention is paid to the potential application of cultural historical psychology and modern psychotherapeutic approach in studying the processes of internalization and identification. The empirical study was conducted in 3-4 and 4-5 years children using Children’s Apperception Test (CAT) by S. Bellak and L. Bellak. the Methods of phenomenological analysis were used, elements of content analysis were applied to the results of perception, projective comments and stories of children after the third CAT table by S. Bellak and L. Bellak was produced to them, and also qualitative analysis of child behaviour are presented. The results have revealed the change of «father figure» perception, which is an external marker of identification deeper processes. Particular material gives basis to discuss qualitative transformation of «father figure» identification taking into account age-related categories, and also the mechanism of identifying and assigning the appropriate emotional experience. By identifying the «father figure» as prior aggressive category the child affirmation receives a meaningful and socially accepted form of manifestation that marks an important stage in the development of self-identity.

Received: 12/15/2013

Accepted: 12/23/2013

Pages: 44-55

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2013.0406

Keywords: development; self-identity; self-consciousness; identification; father figure; dialogic approach; projection; stories of children of preschool age; CAT;

By: ;

Available Online: 12/30/2013

Dubrovina I. V.(2010). Afterword to the Year of the Teacher.National Psychological Journal,2(4), 107-111

One of the pressing problems of practical psychology at the present stage of development of education is to find ways to justify an individual approach to every child in the context of realization of resource of creativity in the educational institutions of various types and levels.

Pages: 107-111

Keywords: child; development; age; personality; individual approach; abilities; "zone of proximal development"; "social situation of development";

By: ;

Tyutyunnik V.I. (2011). Psychological conditions of developing creative abilities in children.National Psychological Journal,1(5), 126-132

The self"awareness psychological structure of a creative person developed by the author of the article during many years of research is considered. The results of longitudinal experiment conducted in the natural conditions devoted to developing the need and ability for creative work in children is highlighted.

Pages: 126-132

Keywords: the self-awareness structure; creative personality; creativity; artistic ability; the need for creativity; development; adult-child interaction; creative development; the role of adults in child development; individual capacity;

By: ;

Asmolov А.G. (2013). Psychology in psyshozoic era: from the analysis of the evolution of the mind to the analysis of the psyche as a “driving force” of evolution. National Psychological Journal,1(9),1–4

 In his report, the author examines the science of psychology with an unusual perspective – as the science of variability, which generates variable concepts. He puts emphasis on the first underestimated works carried out on a par with the problems highlighted by Bernstein Severtsev, Leontiev, Rubinstein, Blonsky, Vernadsky, Bergson, Berg and others. The article highlights the main challenges of the historical and evolutionary approach of social constructivism: a selection considering the class of purposeful activity as a universal form of life existence, the allocation of the communicative discourse categories of activity, which is interpreted as the basis for the existence of biological, social and psychological systems. The concept of activity as a process of generating diversity at various levels of the system is disclosed. The works of such scholars as Gurevich, Batkin, Gergen, etc. that help to see how the evolutionary significance of diversity are mentioned. The higher one rises through evolution, the more divergent model programs of his/her behaviour are, and there appears a set of variable programs. The author shows that through the activity approach many phenomenological issues of culture are perceived, the development of cultural activity paradigm leads to the fact that psychology goes beyond the scope of a separate science, and serves as a unique paradigm of the future. Since the A.N. Leontiev veiwed psychology as a kind of workshop to support diversity, where the psychologist is as an expert in designing new worlds. The author concludes that the research of activities by which the development of diversity in this world of uncertainty is meant is incredibly important.

Received: 04/17/2013

Accepted: 04/23/2013

Pages: 1-4

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0101

Keywords: paradigm; development; activity approach; A.N. Leontiev’s psychological theory of activity;

By: ;

Reshetova Z.A. (2013) On the mechanism of learning and development. National Psychological Journal. 1, 25-32.

In his report, the author examines the science of psychology with an unusual perspective – as the science of variability, which generates variable concepts. He puts emphasis on the first underestimated works carried out on a par with the problems highlighted by Bernstein Severtsev, Leontiev, Rubinstein, Blonsky, Vernadsky, Bergson, Berg and others. The article highlights the main challenges of the historical and evolutionary approach of social constructivism: a selection considering the class of purposeful activity as a universal form of life existence, the allocation of the communicative discourse categories of activity, which is interpreted as the basis for the existence of biological, social and psychological systems. The concept of activity as a process of generating diversity at various levels of the system is disclosed. The works of such scholars as Gurevich, Batkin, Gergen, etc. that help to see how the evolutionary significance of diversity are mentioned. The higher one rises through evolution, the more divergent model programs of his/her behaviour are, and there appears a set of variable programs. The author shows that through the activity approach many phenomenological issues of culture are perceived, the development of cultural activity paradigm leads to the fact that psychology goes beyond the scope of a separate science, and serves as a unique paradigm of the future. Since the A.N. Leontiev veiwed psychology as a kind of workshop to support diversity, where the psychologist is as an expert in designing new worlds. The author concludes that the research of activities by which the development of diversity in this world of uncertainty is meant is incredibly important.

Received: 12/27/2012

Accepted: 01/17/2013

Pages: 25-32

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0104

Keywords: paradigm; development; evolution of the human psyche; activity approach; cultural historical activity theory; A.N. Leontiev;

By: ;


About Editorial Board Volumes Authors For Authors Indexing Contacts
CC BY-NC

National Psychological Journal, 2006 - 2020