Keywords: National Psychological Journal;
Interview with Yury P. Zinchenko, Doctor of psychological sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Education, Dean of Faculty of Psychology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Chair of Psychology Council of Russian Educational and Methodical Association for Traditional University Education in Russian Federation, President of Russian Psychological Society.
Interview with Larissa A. Tsvetkovoj, Candidate of psychological sciences, Dean of faculty of Psychology of the St.-Petersburg state university. Vice-President of Russian Psychological Society.
The author discusses the nature and very essence of consciousness, understanding of it in Russian and foreign psychology. The views on consciousness which occurred at different stages of society's development and state ideology' impacts upon individual consciousness are discussed, along with major trends in the study of consciousness in modern psychological science.
The article argues the necessity of psychological research on the problem of "cultural pathology" and the development of evidence-based programs confronting adverse impact of mass media culture that imposes ideals, rules and values far from humanistic on modern individual, often being the reason of neuroses. It discusses aims and objectives of the task, which should include not only the study of the problem, but also the development of a unified methodological and diagnostic apparatus, as well as the development of preventive measures-psychological and educational activities that help a person to resist the imposed values.
The basic types of violence — direct, structural, cultural and all their forms are distinguished. The author shows causes of terrorism as a form of aggressive behavior, describes social background of terrorist behavior and analyzes personality traits peculiar to terrorists.
Social and economic changes in modern society place create new demands from modern Russian psychological science and transform tasks of the psychologists. The article demonstrates the increasing importance of practical psychology, covering in details its functions and methods. The author outlines the ways of its further development and argues the need for improved training of practical psychologists and improved regulatory framework of psychologist activity.
The article presents the results of two studies conducted by staff and students of Lomonosov Moscow State University. The first research was devoted to the communicative attitudes of audience and authors of TV programs as partners in the television communications. It showed young viewers' expectations of television programs, their content and hosts. The second research studied the categorical structure of the TV hero's image in comparison with the children's and the youth's images of a "good" and an "evil" person along with their own images of self as a TV hero.