ISSN 2079-6617
eISSN 2309-9828
Национальный психологический журнал



emergency psychological assistance



Yulia S. Shoigu, Lydia N. Timofeeva, Evgenia V. Kurilova. (2019). Collective experience of precarity and civil movements. National Psychological Journal. 2, 55-63

Background. Providing emergency psychological assistance to the population affected by emergency situations (ES) today is an integral part of emergency response measures. The required psychological work with the victims and their relatives is carried out by psychologists of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (EMERCOM), Russia. Children are a particular group of victims, so it is important to study how to help them in emergency situations.

The Objective of this paper is to summarize and analyze the experience of the EMERCOM psychological service, Russia, in organizing and providing emergency psychological assistance to children, parents and teachers of secondary schools.

Design. In the past few years, the experts of the EMERCOM psychological service, Russia, have gained experience in providing emergency psychological assistance to children after incidents in educational institutions. The paper describes the experience of psychologists in connection with the incident that occurred in January, 2018 in secondary school 127 in the city of Perm, Russia, where the teenagers attacked younger students and their class teacher. The authors describe the organization and areas of psychological in this situation. The contents and objectives of the psychological work at the emergency site, the process of expert advice in organizing mass events to inform parents and teachers, and examples describing the methods of providing emergency psychological assistance are described.

Results. The authors highlighted the recommended areas of special attention, and also articulated the features that the psychologist should take into account when providing psychological assistance to victims of emergency situations and incidents that occurred on the territory of educational institutions.

Conclusion. The category of those who need psychological assistance in the acute period is wider the category of those who are harmed and who witnessed the event. The public stir results in embracing those who did not participate in the event but was emotionally involved. It is safe to say that such situations affect more people, which induces the necessity of psychological support and implementation of an integrated approach in order to preserve the mental health of both children and adults, which requires involvement of experts of various profiles.

Received: 04/06/2019

Accepted: 04/20/2019

Pages: 55-63

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2019.0210

Keywords: emergency psychological assistance; children; emergency situations; stress; psychological support; psychological service of Russian Emergencies Ministry; secondary school;

By: ; ; ;

Available Online: 01/30/2019

Shoigu Julia S., Pyzhyanova Larisa G., Portnova Julia M. (2015). Features of organization and provision of emergency psychological assistance in an emergency situation (psychologist assistance during fire suppression in Admiral Shopping Center, the city of Kazan). National Psychological Journal. 3, 67-73.

The paper uses the experience of psychological service of EMERCOM in Russia. The notion of emergency psychological aid in emergency situations involving analyzing and predicting risk of adverse social and psychological mass phenomena in emergency and risk management approaches.

For example, a particular emergency situation caused by the fire and the collapse of Admiral Shopping Center in Kazan (Republic of Tatarstan), which took place 11 March 2015, the basic principles of organizing experts of the psychological service of EMERCOM of Russia, involved in elimination of emergency situations effects, including expert practice and challenges. General approach to the provision of emergency psychological assistance to the victims and relatives of those killed and injured during the emergency and organization of such work in specific areas are outlined: on-site emergency, «hotline» phone in the Bureau of Forensic Medicine.

Organization of interdepartmental cooperation of EMERCOM psychological service experts of Russia with other services engaged and disaster relief efforts are briefly touched upon. The paper raises issues of cooperation with psychologist organizations within the framework of the unified state system of prevention and liquidation of emergency situations to ensure prolonged psychological assistance to the victims and relatives of those killed and injured.In the conclusion, factors in a given emergency situation that could affect the psychological state of the victims are estimated.

Received: 09/25/2015

Accepted: 10/03/2015

Pages: 67-73

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2015.0307

Keywords: emergency situation (ES); emergency psychological assistance; adverse social and psychological effects; mass reaction; risk factors; risk analysis; forecast risk; public safety;

By: ; ; ;

Available Online: 11/15/2015

Shoigu Y. S. (2012) Organization of the Russian Emergencies Ministry psychological services. National Psychological Journal, 1(7), 131-133

The organization of psychological services of Russian Emergencies Ministry is considered. Its main objectives and areas of work are described. Particular attention is paid to the activities of Russian Emergencies Ministry psychologists who provide emergency psychological care.

Pages: 131-133

Keywords: psychology of extreme situations; psychological service of Russian Emergencies Ministry; emergency situations; psychological training of emergency specialists; emergency psychological assistance;

By: ;