Background. The paper presents the results of a sociological study that focuses on the attitude towards the reform of the Russian researcher sphere in education. Much attention is paid to the influence of various stumbling blocks that influence the efficacy of research work. The relevance of the study is due to the psychological barriers for understanding the features of the creative self-actualised researcher.
Objective. The influence of age and social factors of professional status (e.g. scientific degree, scientific title, position) on the importance of various barriers that reduce the efficacy of scientists’ work is analyzed.
Design. According to the authorship questionnaire, which included 72 questions, 721 researchers were interviewed. The survey was conducted in different cities and towns of Russia, the respondents included those with different levels of scientific qualifications, and different experience of research work.
Results. The research showed that in the hierarchy of various barriers, those that are associated with the material and social status of the researcher are dominating. Psychological barriers themselves play an important role: lack of promotional opportunities, lack of professional communication environment, strained relations with management and colleagues. Correlation dependence between the barrier concerning funding of new projects and such motivational attitudes as aspiration to independence and professional self-actualisation are revealed. The upgraded position reduces satisfaction of material needs, and, on the other hand, the importance of those factors that concern career self-actualisation (e.g. funding a new research project) is emphasized. It is established that socio-psychological factors (satisfaction with the results of their professional activities, position in the scientific team) actualize the significance of barriers that fix the unfortunate socio-psychological relations in the team.
Conclusion. The obtained results allow to conclude that dissatisfaction with their material and social status for researchers are the most significant barriers preventing the research work. The study revealed a characteristic set of motivational attitudes related to the researcher’s desire for independence and self-actualisation. Te survey materials showed that the combination of reasech work and teaching is subjectively perceived as a barrier that prevents career self-actualisation.
In the article the psychological study of specific motivational sphere of health workers at hospice — special institutions providing care to patients who are at an incurable stage of disease is described. The results showed that two "qualitatively" different groups of workers on the degree of satisfaction with their work can be singled out, for which different motivating factors are functioning.
Analysis of the recent foreign publications reveals actual lines of theoretical studies and empirical investigations in this field: a) problems of the structure of organizational identification, and b) problems of relationship of organizational identification with work attitudes and behavior. Organizational identification structure comprises of either various foci (organization, work unit, profession, and career) or subcomponents of this construct (cognitive, affective, evaluative). Most significant jobrelated attitudes and behaviors that correlate with organizational identification are job satisfaction, turnover intention, extrarole and organizational citizenship behavior.
In the article the psychological study of specific motivational sphere of health workers at hospice - special institutions providing care to patients who are at an incurable stage of disease is described. The results showed that two "qualitatively" different groups of workers on the degree of satisfaction with their work can be singled out, for which different motivating factors are functioning.
The impact of psychosocial factors of the labor of the employees of correctional facilities on their mental and physical health is analyzed. The results of the research exposing the major agents of job stress and the intensity of their influence on the representatives of this profession are presented. Connection of psychosocial factors of labor, labor intensity and the job satisfaction is shown.