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ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
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The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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Dubrovina I. V. (2018). Psychological issues of education of kindergarten children and school children in the information society. National Psychological Journal. 1, 6-16.

Background. The issue of upbringing is becoming increasingly important due to the development and growing-up of modern children and adolescents in the so-called digital age. The characteristic features of child development in the kindergarten and in the primary and secondary school within the information society make pose a challenge to the psychological service.

Objective. The key to the situation can be found in the context of the priority directions of psychology of upbringing and education, and also by establishing scientific and practical support of the directions. The paper is to thoroughly consider psychologists’ and educators’ work in the education system in the current situation. The goals and objectives of their work are specified in regard with the significant changes that have been recently observed in the Information Society.

Design. The acute and sometimes contradictory issues of the upbringing have been severely paralyzed. The ever-lasting goals of educating children and developing their personality such as emotional and spiritual development, mastering the accumulated bag of cultural achievements, the development of moral feelings, abilities for full communication, etc. are singled out.

Research Results. Modern education reflects the needs of the information society and has to focus more on the issues of schoolchildren's progress, the development of their intellectual sphere, and the preparation for the passing of the State Exam. Much less attention is paid to education. Practical psychology being an important assistant of the educational system is much influenced by the latter and is not actually prepared solve the urgent task of educating children.

Conclusion. The solutions to the problems of education should not only be found at the level of highly professional interdisciplinary integration of the educational, psychological, social and other sciences and practices, but also at the level of the contemporary interaction of various sciences and forms of social consciousness , i.e. culture, art, media (television, radio, Internet), law, morality, religion.

Received: 12/10/2017

Accepted: 01/09/2018

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2018.0101

Keywords: culture; education; upbringing; educational environment; information society ; emotional development; psychological literacy;

By: Dubrovina, Irina V.;

Available Online: 03/30/2018

Emelin V.A. (2017). The postmodern crisis and the loss of stable identity. National Psychological Journal. 2, 5-15.

The paper proves the assumption that being a worldview of the information society postmodernism simultaneously reverberates its problems, among which is blurring personal identity. The most vulnerable part of the postmodern ideology is the implicit inability to construct steady architecture of identification. This is hampered by specific ideas related to the fundamental principle of postmodernism, i.e. pluralism leading to relativism and the loss of sustainable landmarks. Applying the pluralism principle to the full may result in unlimited choice production, which should not be considered the achievement of the information society and postmodern culture, but its main problem. The social political consequences of tolerance issues and the equivalence of opinions, attitudes and values are discussed. Lack of preferred self-identification vectors reduces the motivation for the individual to develop a stable personal identity. If no paradigm in terms of the truth can claim a given status disputes over claims of significance turn into controversies over power, thereby generating social Darwinism. The principle of pluralism actually legitimizes radical ideologies, whose extreme form is terrorism put in the mosaic and multicultural postmodern world occurs to be one of many sociocultural paradigms. Exactly the identity crisis in the conditions of mass distribution of both military and information technologies is considered the main cause of radicalism as the result of finding pathological forms of cognitive personal identity. Social cultural and worldview crises of the information society are becoming the main cause for producing endurable and irregular forms of personal identity architecture.

Received: 03/30/2017

Accepted: 04/12/2017

Pages: 5-15

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2017.0202

Keywords: identity; information society ; postmodern worldview; postmodern culture; pluralism; radicalism; identity development;

By: Emelin, Vаdim A.;

Available Online: 06/28/2017

Emelin Vadim A. (2016). Technology as a factor of identity transformation: development of HOMO TECHNOLOGIES. National Psychological Journal. 1, 09-18.

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1756:"<p>Based on the understanding of identity as an individual’s identity with the self within the cultural historical chronotope, and experienced as the feeling of belonging/
non-belonging to some communities, controllability/uncontrollability of situations and predictability/non-predictability of events, the paper describes the processes
of identity transformation in the course of a technological development. Taken as the initial point, the idea of organ-extension (K. Marx, E. Kapp) and technological
extension of man (S. Freud, M. McLuhan) means that technologies are the extension of a human body and its organs. The processes of technological extension assume a
particular scale under condition of information society development, within which computer-, telecommunication-, transport-, bio-, nano- and other high technologies
have become an actual cultural historical force that has a power to transform a human. Special attention is paid to the fact that unlike the precedent technologies that have
just facilitated some or other human performance, modern technologies of information society do not only change the human topology, widen and expand human natural
abilities but also really transform higher mental functions and mediate mental processes and relations between human individuals. Man becomes not only a biological and
social creature but also a technological one, i.e. so called HOMO TECHNOLOGICUS. The scale and speed of cultural historical changes make the study of the technological
extensions role in the transformation of identity a key point for developing ways of comprehending their role in the life of a modern person, and also for forecasting the
evolution of relationship between man and machines in the future.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"HTML";}

Received: 11/20/2015

Accepted: 12/12/2015

Pages: 9-18

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0102

Keywords: identity; technologies; higher mental functions (APF); information society ; organ extensions; technological extensions; cultural-historical approach;

By: Emelin, Vаdim A.;

Available Online: 07/06/2016

Emelin V.A. (2014). Loss of privacy: identity in the context of technological control. National Psychological Journal, 2(14), 19-26

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1866:"<p>
     The paper discusses the effect of Information Technologies entering into the everyday life of a human, which is associated with the erosion of the identity boundaries. In respect of such technologies phenomenon, which is important for the structure and dynamics of identity, is revealed: the interpenetration of the two control systems. On the one hand, technology provides people with new means of control over the world, but at the same time we becomes controlled by the same technological expansion. Getting equipped with certain vital facilities, technologically advanced people become deprived of their privacy, so technology turns out to be the means of total control. Benefits that provide technological expansion have the reverse side. Extended opportunities to access information results in increasing the availability of an Internet user, a smart phone owner or a bank cardholder. Any private information in the network can be accessed by a third party without the user’s consent.
</p>
<p>
     Personal deprivatization results in increased levels of anxiety, emergence of feelings of being controlled and feelings of insecurity. The agenda includes the issue of ethical and psychological repercussions of electronic monitoring, digitizing, and chipping via wearable implants. The paper discusses the risk of changing human living through invisible, widespread and standard technologies of control. It is shown in the paper that personal space violation is not always a result of the activities of the state, but is rather the result of misunderstanding the specifics of Information Technologies, as well as ways of using than by a human.
</p>
<p>
     Realizing that technology is a not neutral issue with respect to the user is the basis for complying with ordinary ‘information hygiene’ and preventing violations of the identity boundaries.
</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Pages: 19-26

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2014.0203

Keywords: information technologies; total control; technological expansion; privacy; information society ;

By: Emelin, Vаdim A.;

Emelin V.A. (2013). Cyborgization and disability of technologically extended human. National Psychological Journal,1(9),62–70

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1825:"<p>The article discusses the problems of cyborgization and disability as a consequence of technological extensions of human. Cyborgization is the process of combining man
and machine, which is accompanied by substitution of natural body functions and human mind. Technological media have become integral human prostheses, and their
loss leads to disability of a human and poses a threat to his\her identity. Understanding the impact of technology on a human being a representative of the information
community is supposed to begin with rejecting an approach based on their neutral attitude to a person. There are three main trends in modern technology. </p><p>
The first one is the complete denial of the latter and is deemed as completely hostile to a person (neo-luddism), the second one is based on the maximum convergence of
human and machine intelligence (transhumanism), and the third one is the intermediate position which dwells upon “peaceful” coexistence of human and technology, and
development of mechanisms to adapt to the technological reality of the information society.</p><p>
The author wonders whether M. Heidegger’s idea that technology has become a European man’s destiny and challenge of being can help us find the possibility to avoid
fatal scenarios of developing relationship of extremely technologically extended human and extremely humanised machines. Finding an answer to another question
whether it is possible to make a person happy with the merging of technologies is the key to understanding further development of technological extension of humans. </p><p>
There can be only one conclusion: remaining an enigma for its incomprehensible nature or a dream of percieving it and submission of technological advances, the
technology and a human being always remain separated.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 09/12/2012

Accepted: 10/18/2013

Pages: 62-70

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0108

Keywords: information society ; transformation of identity; technology; technological expansion; cyborgization; disability; neo-luddism; transhumanism;

By: Emelin, Vаdim A.;


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