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National Psychological Journal #1(9)/2013, 152 p.

Editorial

Asmolov А.G. (2013). Psychology in psyshozoic era: from the analysis of the evolution of the mind to the analysis of the psyche as a “driving force” of evolution. National Psychological Journal,1(9),1–4

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1722:"<p> In his report, the author examines the science of psychology with an unusual perspective – as the science of variability, which generates variable concepts. He puts emphasis on the first underestimated works carried out on a par with the problems highlighted by Bernstein Severtsev, Leontiev, Rubinstein, Blonsky, Vernadsky, Bergson, Berg and others. The article highlights the main challenges of the historical and evolutionary approach of social constructivism: a selection considering the class of purposeful activity as a universal form of life existence, the allocation of the communicative discourse categories of activity, which is interpreted as the basis for the existence of biological, social and psychological systems. The concept of activity as a process of generating diversity at various levels of the system is disclosed. The works of such scholars as Gurevich, Batkin, Gergen, etc. that help to see how the evolutionary significance of diversity are mentioned. The higher one rises through evolution, the more divergent model programs of his/her behaviour are, and there appears a set of variable programs. The author shows that through the activity approach many phenomenological issues of culture are perceived, the development of cultural activity paradigm leads to the fact that psychology goes beyond the scope of a separate science, and serves as a unique paradigm of the future. Since the A.N. Leontiev veiwed psychology as a kind of workshop to support diversity, where the psychologist is as an expert in designing new worlds. The author concludes that the research of activities by which the development of diversity in this world of uncertainty is meant is incredibly important.</p>
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Received: 04/17/2013

Accepted: 04/23/2013

Pages: 1-4

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0101

Keywords: paradigm; development; activity approach; A.N. Leontiev’s psychological theory of activity;

By: Asmolov A.G.;


Classic and Modern

A.N. Leontievs Scientific Heritage

Leontiev А.А.,Leontiev D.A.(2013).Alexei Leontiev: comments on biography. National Psychological Journal,1(9), 9–17

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1519:"<p>The article written by the son and grandson of Russian psychologist A.N. Leontiev reflects not only his
great and varied scientific and organizational services to the domestic psychological science, but also
paints a vivid picture of Alexei Leontiev as a person.</p><p>
In contrast to the previous quite formal biographical articles about this great scientist, this paper lively and
vividly describes what actually was the life and work of A. Leontiev. His biography details allow to imagine
the situation in this country, in the time when he had to study, work and create. </p><p>Talking about personal
traits of Alexey Leontiev, the authors point out that the scholar never engaged himself in delegating powers
or acting according to the boss’s instructions. He constantly sought from the authorities healthy decisions
for psychology. His authority in power was so great that he was able to do almost everything that he
sought to do. A.N. Leontiev did not take any important decision without having a council with the people
around him. In his collaboration with Lev Vygotsky, almost all decisions were taken together. </p><p>
The authors openly, with gentle humor are writing of the early years of the future professor, about an
uneasy scientific career, a creative, educational and administrative activity in later years. Their story gives an
idea of Alexei Leontiev, and as a brilliant scientist, and as a highly respectable, vulnerable, very emotional
person, and a very nice man.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 02/24/2013

Accepted: 03/03/2013

Pages: 9-17

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0102

Keywords: A.N. Leontiev’s psychological theory of activity; history of psychology; A.N. Leontiev; Moscow Lomonosov State University (MSU); history of Russian psychology; the Faculty of Psychology of Moscow Lomonosov State University; Psychology in the Soviet Union;

By: Leontiev, Dmitri A.; Leontiev, Alexei A.;

Bratus B.S. (2013).“Word” and “Deed”: the history of scientific relations of A.N. Leontiev and L.S. Vygotsky.National Psychological Journal,1(9),18–24

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1705:"<p>The article comprehensively analyzes the specifics of scientific relations between the two leading Russian psychologists A.N. Leontiev and L.S. Vygotsky. It is shown
how initial relationship between the teacher (L.Vygotsky) and an attentive disciple (A. Leontiev) was replaced disengagement, search and defense of their own views.
The author demonstrates the dynamics of psychological ideas of these two scientists. He highlights different approaches to the problem of activity and identity, which
made them part in a certain period of time.Considerable attention is paid to the scientific work of A. Leontiev, who lived and created in the socialist times of ideological
pressure. It is shown how in spite of this adverse factor Alexei Leontiev, the founder of the activity theory, where moral principles are out of place where a person becomes
its “product”, managed to come to the need for a special study of personality, his/her moral value sphere. Referring to specific works of A. Leontiev, the author shows the
evolution of A. Leontiev ideas as “leader of the Marxist psychology” in the internal context of his scientific research, which has led to the fact that he erased the fundamental
differences with L. Vygotsky on the problem of experiences and activities.</p><p>
The author suggests that in his last years A.N. Leontiev’s views were close to the “late” L. Vygotsky’s viewpoint, taking the side of his Master, an older friend, and at the same
time, as it is a usual thing in the academic life, the main opponent. This proves the fact that two years before his death in 1977, A.N. Leontiev actually agreed with Vygotsky
on the problem of experiences and activities. </p>
";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 04/12/2012

Accepted: 04/18/2013

Pages: 18-24

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0103

Keywords: A.N. Leontiev’s psychological theory of activity; history of psychology; A.N. Leontiev; cultural historical school of psychology; history of Russian psychology; personality psychology; Vygotsky L.S.;

By: Bratus, Boris S.;

Reshetova Z.A. (2013) On the mechanism of learning and development. National Psychological Journal. 1, 25-32.

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1718:"<p>
    In his report, the author examines the science of psychology with an unusual perspective – as the science of variability, which generates variable concepts. He puts emphasis on the first underestimated works carried out on a par with the problems highlighted by Bernstein Severtsev, Leontiev, Rubinstein, Blonsky, Vernadsky, Bergson, Berg and others. The article highlights the main challenges of the historical and evolutionary approach of social constructivism: a selection considering the class of purposeful activity as a universal form of life existence, the allocation of the communicative discourse categories of activity, which is interpreted as the basis for the existence of biological, social and psychological systems. The concept of activity as a process of generating diversity at various levels of the system is disclosed. The works of such scholars as Gurevich, Batkin, Gergen, etc. that help to see how the evolutionary significance of diversity are mentioned. The higher one rises through evolution, the more divergent model programs of his/her behaviour are, and there appears a set of variable programs. The author shows that through the activity approach many phenomenological issues of culture are perceived, the development of cultural activity paradigm leads to the fact that psychology goes beyond the scope of a separate science, and serves as a unique paradigm of the future. Since the A.N. Leontiev veiwed psychology as a kind of workshop to support diversity, where the psychologist is as an expert in designing new worlds. The author concludes that the research of activities by which the development of diversity in this world of uncertainty is meant is incredibly important.
</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 12/27/2012

Accepted: 01/17/2013

Pages: 25-32

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0104

Keywords: paradigm; development; evolution of the human psyche; activity approach; cultural historical activity theory; A.N. Leontiev;

By: Reshetova, Zoya A.;


Dedication to B.D. Parygin

Zapesotsky A.S. (2013). Contradicting the era: the psychological universe of B.D. Parygin. National Psychological Journal,1(9),33–37

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1387:"<p>The paper is devoted to Boris Dmitrievich Parygin, a talented Russian psychologist and educator, who trained many generations of students and postgraduates.It briefly touches upon the main facts of the scholar’s life, highlights the results of his research and reveals the scope of his scientific and educational work. It is shownthat B.D. Parygin was also an outstanding science develper. Upon his initiative, the Department of Social Psychology and the first “Social psychological research” laboratoryon the basis of Leningrad Gertsen Teacher-Training Institute was the first one to be established in the USSR.</p>

<p>There are facts that point to Boris Parygin’s contribution to the establishment and development of social psychology. The author notes that the scholar established the basisof methodology and developed the subject area of social psychology as an independent science, and justified its status in the humanities.</p>

<p>Particular emphasis is put on the conceptually important aspects of scientific creativity of B.D. Parygin’s recent years that are relevant to today critical problems of humandevelopment, culture, and society.</p>

<p>The author writes about the scholar’s idea of personal integrity, humanistic function of psychology and the coherent worldview principle of dialogue as an alternative toanti-human communication.</p>
";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 04/12/2013

Accepted: 05/14/2013

Pages: 33-37

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0105

Keywords: history of psychology; social psychology; history of Russian psychology; personality psychology; social psychological research; Parygin B.D.;

By: Zapesockyi, Aleksandr S.;


Science

Methodology of Social Psychology

Andreeva G.M. (2013). Social cognition and social problems. National Psychological Journal, 1(9),39–49

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1343:"<p>The paper comprehensively describes the issue of the relationship between social cognition and social
problems. <br></p><p>A brief excursion into the history of social study in social psychology in this country and abroad is reviewed.
The methodology of the psychology of social cognition can be used both for explaining the individual
elements of the emerging problems, and for the understanding of the whole process. The essence of ideas
by Wundt, K. Levin, A. Teshfel, P.A. Sorokin, V.M. Bekhterev, L.S. Vygotsky and other related problems of
social psychology are presented. Current prospects of social cognition in the study of social problems are
outlined. The emergence of a new specific industry of social psychology, identified as the psychology of
social cognition, is mentioned. Its challenges and opportunities, the development of methods for the study
of social problems in today’s theory of social representations by S. Moscovici are presented. <br></p><p>Relevance of social study today is shown. The author notes that a strong need to address significant (global)
problems in the society always arises in a period of radical change, social transformations, and from this
point of view, the period of reform in Russia is a situation that cries out for the need to study the existing
social problems.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 11/15/2012

Accepted: 12/03/2013

Pages: 39-49

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0106

Keywords: Social cognition; social psychology; social representations theory; social problems; psychology of groups; psychology of social cognition; social transformation;

By: Andreeva, Galina M.;

Melnikova O.T., Khoroshilov D.A. (2013). Subject of qualitative research as a methodological problem of social psychology. National Psychological Journal, 1(9),50–61

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1717:"<p>The basic domains of qualitative social psychological research, namely social representations, social identity, attitudes, values and ideology, collective memory, the
psychology of the environment are considered. Based on the fact that the range of problems of modern social psychology is largely determined by the so-called
“social cognition paradigm” the author puts forward an idea about the psychology of social cognition, i.e. everyday consciousness, its functions, values, specific features of
studying.
The relation between theory and method in psychological research in the context of cognitive, linguistic and historical “turn” in the history of social psychology is discussed.
The definition of qualitative research in the paradigm of social cognition is given.The theory of social representations by S. Moscovici is analysed. The cases of qualitative
research carried out in the paradigm of this theory, as well as studies of social identity, attitudes, values and ideology, are reviewed. A theory of discourse is outlined and
the author’s own method of discourse analysis is worked out. The author also dwells on the subject of innovation in social psychology.
New directions of qualitative research development related to spatial and temporal aspects of social cognition are set, that is the way of “vital” environment and the
collective (social) memory.</p><p>
To sum up, the conducted theoretical and methodological analysis of the subject areas of qualitative research in psychology allows us to consider the relationship of subject
and method. Thus, the definition of the subject of qualitative research is the starting point of the discussion of methodological problems. </p>
";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 01/28/2013

Accepted: 02/12/2013

Pages: 50-61

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0107

Keywords: qualitative research; epistemology; Social cognition; social representations theory; discourse theories; construction of reality; social identity;

By: Khoroshilov D.A.;


Challenges of the XXI Century

Emelin V.A. (2013). Cyborgization and disability of technologically extended human. National Psychological Journal,1(9),62–70

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1825:"<p>The article discusses the problems of cyborgization and disability as a consequence of technological extensions of human. Cyborgization is the process of combining man
and machine, which is accompanied by substitution of natural body functions and human mind. Technological media have become integral human prostheses, and their
loss leads to disability of a human and poses a threat to his\her identity. Understanding the impact of technology on a human being a representative of the information
community is supposed to begin with rejecting an approach based on their neutral attitude to a person. There are three main trends in modern technology. </p><p>
The first one is the complete denial of the latter and is deemed as completely hostile to a person (neo-luddism), the second one is based on the maximum convergence of
human and machine intelligence (transhumanism), and the third one is the intermediate position which dwells upon “peaceful” coexistence of human and technology, and
development of mechanisms to adapt to the technological reality of the information society.</p><p>
The author wonders whether M. Heidegger’s idea that technology has become a European man’s destiny and challenge of being can help us find the possibility to avoid
fatal scenarios of developing relationship of extremely technologically extended human and extremely humanised machines. Finding an answer to another question
whether it is possible to make a person happy with the merging of technologies is the key to understanding further development of technological extension of humans. </p><p>
There can be only one conclusion: remaining an enigma for its incomprehensible nature or a dream of percieving it and submission of technological advances, the
technology and a human being always remain separated.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 09/12/2012

Accepted: 10/18/2013

Pages: 62-70

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0108

Keywords: information society ; transformation of identity; technology; technological expansion; cyborgization; disability; neo-luddism; transhumanism;

By: Emelin, Vаdim A.;


Psychology and Law

Morgunova E.A. (2013). Copyright in psychodiagnostics. National Psychological Journal, 1(9),71–76

This paper considers the issues of copyright protection of intellectual property, produced and consumed in the area of psychology as psychological diagnostics. Getting to the consideration of copyright in psychodiagnostics, the author finds it necessary to focus on the very concept of copyright and its forms, and then, based on this knowledge, to turn to the analysis of the intellectual activity used in psychodiagnostics.

Considerable attention is given to the review and analysis of the concept of copyright as a case of intellectual property created in the psycho-diagnostics, and also classification of copyright objects and the order of their consumption in scientific, educational and law enforcement researchers and psychologists. Much attention is paid to the legal protection of works produced by foreign scientists and official development psychologists. Basic copyright and compliance mechanisms for the consumption of tests, questionnaires, techniques, computer programs, etc. are described. Cases of free use of works made for hire in psychological diagnostics are provided. A difficult problem of protecting creative art is analyzed. From this position, various aspects of the concept are considered. Depending on the fact whether the newly created work is based on products that existed before, it is possible to distinguish an original, derivative, or compiled product. The original is a work within which every form element is created by a particular author or authors without borrowed elements.

Received: 12/27/2012

Accepted: 01/18/2013

Pages: 71-76

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0109

Keywords: psychodiagnostics; copyright objects; techniques; copyright objects; free use; work for hire;

By: Morgunova, Elena A.;

Kalyatin V.O. (2013). Secret mode of production in civil law. National Psychological Journal,1(9),77–82

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1483:"<p>The paper discusses in detail the current situation of the Russian legislation aimed at protecting the right to know. The author introduces the basic tools that are used
in legal procedures, reveals mechanisms, features and benefits of its performance, and also the existing risks of. The focus is on the production secrets (know-how)
as a tool for information protection. The use of this mechanism allows to protect information without temporal limits. More over, the version implemented in the Russian
Legislation allows to protect any kind of information. </p><p>
The definition of the term “classified information”, which includes not only information about specific technical solutions, but also any other information that allows to use
this construction in the field of psychology, is given.</p><p>
The paper explains what is meant by this tool, its pros and cons, requirements in accordance with the law. Modes of its implementation such as commercial secret, third
parties free access lockout, etc. are presented. It is shown how the consumption of information can take place outside of these modes. The author notes that the legal
regulation is dynamic, and we are at a stage where the regulation of trade secrets may undergo dramatic changes. First of all, particular attention should be paid to the fact
that a trade secret is only one of the possible ways to protect it, and the choice of protection measures is up to the holder of the information.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 12/27/2012

Accepted: 01/18/2013

Pages: 77-82

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0110

Keywords: security of valuable information; trade secret; right to know; commercial secret; proprietary information; Data Protection Act;

By: Kalyatin, V. O.;

Kozlova N.V., Filippova S.Yu. (2013). Agreement for mental health services: legal aspects. National Psychological Journal,1(9),83–88

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1831:"<p>At the beginning of the article the authors outlines a range of problems that practising psychologists are faced when they conclude contracts of psychological and
psychiatric assistance, because they are not mentioned in the current Russian Legislation. The parties raise questions relating to the definition of the essential terms and
conditions of the contract, the quality of the assistance provided, and legal liability. </p><p>
The article provides a description of contracts for the provision of psychological support and psychiatric assistance from the standpoint of civil law: legal entities, subject,
features of performance, liabilities of the parties in the contract are specified. </p><p>
The sources which regulate psychological support and psychiatric assistance are identified, the Code of Ethics for psychologists among the sources regulating this activity is
reviewed, the relationship between the Code of Ethics and the Federal Law is carried out.</p><p>
The psychologist’s right (executor under the contract) to refuse to sign the contract or its execution is justified, the procedure and the legal consequences of such refusal is
defined. The requirements of psychological (psychotherapeutic) support proved by laws and regulations and ethical standards are shown.</p><p>
The authors examine the problems of legal regulation of relations, which practicing psychologists are frequently faced with in providing psychological and psychiatric
assistance, including the use of modern telecommunications technology. </p><p>
The requirements for psychological and psychotherapeutic services are often a matter of judgement. Due to the absence of clear (verified or measured) criteria, their quality
is mainly determined by the correspondence of actual information stipulated in the contract.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 12/27/2012

Accepted: 01/18/2013

Pages: 83-88

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0111

Keywords: psychological support; psychotherapeutic assistance; paid services; the Code of Ethics for Psychologists; legal aspects;

By: Filippova, Sof'ya Yu.; Kozlova, N. V.;


Health Psychology

Zinchenko Yuriy Р., Busygina Ina S. (2013). Psychological health and professional actualization of the company executive. National Psychological Journal,1(9),89–95

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1958:"<p>The position of the company executive provides great opportunities for human self-development and application of creative approach to the tasks to be performed. On the
other hand, the nature of the activity places objective requirements to the executive and thereby restricts freedom of expression, is implemented at the expense of personal
interests and self-actualization. Contrary to popular thesis that managerial activities produce a deteriorating affect on the manager’s health, and only health availability
ensures the execution of the managerial functions, the paper explores the assumption that a successful self-actualization of the company executive may sustain professional
healthy state. This study aims to determine the relationship of professional psychological health of managers and personal self-identity in managerial activities. </p><p>
The experimental group included participants whose estimates of personal occupational health were quite high, with the absence of stress levels manifestations, satisfied
with their administrative work and with high self-cesteem of career success (n=50). The comparison group was represented by a group of managers with four alternative
indicators of occupational health, but identical by social demographic features and organizational and psychological parameters of their managerial activity. Mathematical processing of results was conducted with the use of Student T-criterion correlation analysis. The results showed that in the group of “occupational health”
self-actualization is characterized by professional activity, leader position, independence, meaningful administrative work and life in general, purposefulness, ability to set
goals, to find the meaning of life and career satisfaction, ability of self-guidance, ability to control their life, ability to adjust. Thus, occupational health is associated with a
mature personality and managerial self-actualization.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 06/05/2013

Accepted: 10/22/2013

Pages: 89-95

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0112

Keywords: personality self-realization; managerial activities; occupational health; mental health; health management;

By: Busygina, Ina S.; Zinchenko, Yury. P.;

Chesnokova M.G. (2013). General psychological bases for individual health research. National Psychological Journal,1(9),96–102

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1366:"<p>The author of the paper raises the issue concerning the need for a more profound theoretical and methodological foundations of health psychology as a new developing
area of psychological knowledge, with special emphasis on the research potential of the cultural activity paradigm. The model of psychological research of health,
based on the general psychological ideas of L.S.Vygotsky, A.N.Leontiev, S.L.Rubinstein, P.Y.Galperin and others, is proposed. </p><p>
Human health as a higher mental function is the base of the model. Levels of regulating the individual’s interaction with the outer world are marked out. The formation of
a coherent and consistent system of functioning of the levels is considered as a basis of general and psychological health of a person. According to the author the basic
mental disorders of a man are connected with the change of the initial conditions of mental regulation (which were developed in the process of biological evolution)
and subsequent change of the role of psyche in the conditions of social life. The author suggests a hypothesis of the connection between psychosomatic disorders and
the mechanism dysfunction of mental image-based regulation of behavior. The existence of a close connection between physical and social health of a man is stated. The
notion of “social physiology” is introduced.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 09/01/2011

Accepted: 09/23/2011

Pages: 96-102

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0113

Keywords: personality; health psychology; a higher mental function; levels of regulations; psychical image-based regulation; social physiology;

By: Chesnokova, Milena G.;

Vishneva A.E. (2013). Dynamics of coping strategies in patients after stroke and traumatic brain injury. National Psychological Journal,1(9), 103–109

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1580:"<p>This work is devoted to the study of coping strategies in patients after blood stroke and traumatic brain injury. The disease is considered as a critical situation in a
person’s life that requires the mobilisation of personal resources and coping. It is hypothesized that the coping strategies will vary depending on the etiology of
the disease and the patient’s experience. On the basis of specific nosology data, the stages of the rehabilitation process (from 0.5 years to 1 year, 1 year to 3 years, and
from 3 to 14 years) were identified. The study involved 78 patients under rehabilitation (primary or repeated rehabilitation) at the Center for Speech Pathology and
Neurorehabilitation. The study identified coping styles in patients with different stages of the disease: in the first period, dysfunctional coping strategies prevail in all
patients; in the second period, problem-focused strategies prevail in patients after traumatic brain injury; and dysfunctional coping strategies prevail in patients after blood
stroke. In the third period, emotion-focused coping strategies predominate in all patients. Significant differences in coping strategies were obtained, depending on the
length of the disease and the differences in trends between the groups of patients, with the etiology of the disease considered.</p><p>
The results of this research will allow to build the typology of coping behaviour, reasoning goals, objectives and methods of psychological care to patients undergoing
rehabilitation after blood stroke and traumatic brain injury.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 05/13/2013

Accepted: 05/24/2013

Pages: 103-109

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0114

Keywords: coping strategies; critical situation of the disease; the dynamics of coping strategies; problem-focused coping strategies; emotion-focused coping strategies; dysfunctional coping strategies;

By: Vishneva, Anastasiya E.;


Applied research

Gusev A.N., Silnitskaya A.S.(2013). A comparative analysis of ostentation, hyperactivity, dysthymia and their impact on the speech intonation parameters. National Psychological Journal,1(9), 110–120

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1590:"<p>
    The impact of 3 personality traits (according to K. Leonhard’s typology, ostentation, hyperactivity and dysthymia) on intonation parameters (mean ∆F0 , tone span, speech rate, duration of speech and mean duration of syllable) was investigated. Intonation is considered by the authors as a formal dynamic aspect of speech that the individual uses in solving diverse communicative tasks. The authors suggested that the intonation as a means of communication will be most in demand in that person, who has a lot of social contacts, which is common for individuals with such personality traits as ostentation and hyperactivity. At the same time, individuals who possess opposite personality traits such as dysthymia will use intonation in a special way, because of inherent shyness, pessimism, and eventually asociality.
</p>
<p>
     The sample records were produced by 30 male and female participants. 60 recordings of natural monologue on proposed topics were obtained in situations of presence and absence of conversation partner. For the manifestation of each feature there should be certain conditions, which speech activity implements. It turned out that ostentation affects speech rate, hyperactivity affects tone span, dysthymia affects speech rate and duration of speech. The joint effects of these personality traits were also ellicited. Most explicitly, these effects appeared to reveal in certain conditions. For ostentation that was the presence of conversation partner, while for dysthymia – its absence. Sufficient condition for hyperactivity is a speech task.
</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 10/17/2012

Accepted: 11/02/2012

Pages: 110-120

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0115

Keywords: differential psychology; intonation; vocal speech; speech analysis; temper; character;

By: Gusev, Aleksey N.; Silnitskaya, Anna S.;

Zapunidi A.A. (2013). Features of graphic activity of preschool children with different image plot. National Psychological Journal, 1(9), 121–126

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1619:"<p>
    The aim of the study is to identify the qualitative features in the development of speech and expressive activity in children with various kinds of visual design. The notion of visual design in psychology lacks operational application. It is associated with such mental functions as planning, goal setting, unconsciousness and voluntary regulation.
</p>
<p>
    The following research objectives were identified: to conceptualise the notion of visual design for children in pre-school age, to identify the main stages of its development and to determine the characteristics of graphic activity development at each stage. The study of fine arts activity involves analysis of narration which accompanies image drawing.
</p>
<p>
    The paper identifies the stages of image plot development in preschool children: the image plot is not an interim plan, template plot, holistic plot. The periods of image plot will complement the existing classification (O. Dyachenko, Y. Poluyanov). The quality of drawing is dependent on the image plot, the ability to produce images of perception, the level of sign-symbolic substitution depends on image plot. The image plot is significantly correlates with the level of sign-symbolic substitution when a child composes his/her own story. To analyze children’s activity is necessary to consider the process of creating a drawing, which is accompanied by narration. In the paper the specific features of drawing a picture by children with different levels of image plot are described. Speech activity indicators in children with different levels of image plot are revealed.
</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 01/09/2013

Accepted: 01/24/2013

Pages: 121-126

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0116

Keywords: drawing; drawing intention; pictorial activity; semiotic and symbolic substitution; speech activity;

By: Zapunidi, Anna A.;


Education

Colleagues

Chesnokova O.B., Subbotskiy E.V.(2013). Psychologist in preschool education: the English version. National Psychological Journal, 1(9), 127–133

The authors give an idea of two models of modern preschool education: artificially accelerative model, where the logic of pre-school education is replaced by formal studies that simulate school learning, and developmental education model that takes into account the rich potential of preschool age.

In the paper the authors solve two problems: first they demonstrate the implementation of the first and second mixed models of preschool education in England and secondly they analyze the role of child psychologists in solving the problems that arise in the implementation of this model. The system of pre-school education and training in England is outlined. An account of public institutions where it is carried out, and in which of them the program is presented, is given. It is shown what professions (educators, psychologists, medical personnel, etc.) are involved in the English system of preschool education, and what functions they perform.

The paper describes which goals are set in child care centers of England, and what means they use to solve them. The authors analyze the logic of the transition from preschool to school education system in England. They provide how and what professional organizations are incentivising the transition and how the accompanying psychological problems are solved.

The role of psychologists in solving problems that arise in the implementation of a particular model of the English preschool education is studied. As the standard position of psychologist is not registered with a kindergarten or primary school, psychologists do not produce direct influence, but only produce indirect impact on the system of early childhood care and education in the course of problem solutions.

Received: 07/09/2012

Accepted: 07/23/2012

Pages: 127-133

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0117

Keywords: preschool education in England; structure of education;

By: Chesnokova, Olga B.; Subbotsky, Evgenii V.;


Personnel training

Sobkin V.S., Veryasova E.S.(2013). Values at different stages of a kindergarten teacher career. National Psychological Journal,1(9), 134–142

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1539:"<p>The paper deals with the degree of satisfaction of kindergarten teachers with their financial situation, the nature of the preferences of the different values of life and
confidence in successful future. This work is based on the data obtained during the survey of kindergarten teachers in the city of Moscow, Russia, which was conducted
by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Education. Analyzing the results obtained, the authors try to evaluate the significance of educators and social
stratification factors, such as teaching experience, age, level of education, level of material security. The data obtained are compared to the results of their earlier survey of
kindergarten teachers, which makes it possible to identify certain trends, changing the social well-being in this group.</p><p>
Finally, a structural analysis, which allows to compare the characteristics of different interconnections are compared to the values and perspectives at different stages of
professional kindergarten career. The analysis showed that in the course of professional development, the structure of life orientation of an educator undergoes a kind of
transition stages related to change in values and resolution of crisis situations. The data provided in the paper are important since the change of educator‘s life orientation
largely determines the nature of the education process in kindergarten, where the implementation of the educational program is reverberated through the eduacor’s system
of values. </p>
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Received: 12/15/2011

Accepted: 12/27/2012

Pages: 134-142

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0118

Keywords: sociology of education; pre-school; analysis of social values; psychological studies; social stratification factors; educator psychology; social well-being;

By: Sobkin,Vladimir S.; Veryasova, Elena.S.;

Klimenko I.V.(2013). Motivation of university students and their value orientation in professional employment. National Psychological Journal,1(9),143–151

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1743:"<p>The paper considers motivation and values of natural geography students. Data on motivation and values of students’ future career and their dynamics from 1st to 5th
course is described. </p><p>
The study of motivation and value orientation of students of chemistry, biology and geography was carried out in the Dniester Moldavian Republic at the Department of
Natural Geography of the Dniester Shevchenko State University.
The study allowed the development of a psychological support program for the professional development of students at all grade levels in higher school. </p><p>
The author analyses motivation for choosing a future career and for studying in higher school and their interrelations with valuable students’ orientations are examined. It
has significant value during organization of the psychological support actions which are directed to students’ psychological support.
The study of value orientations and life spheres revealed that for young people in the early professional development, the most important parts of life are the professional
sphere, material well-being and self-development. By the end of training value orientations of students correspond to the social economic relations that are dominant in
society: spiritual values that are important at the beginning of training and the values of self-development are replaced by social ones.</p><p>
The study allows the development of a psychological support program for the professional development of students at all grade levels in high school, which is aimed at
supplying them with information, developing motivation and value orientation on the future professional activity and promotes self-awareness in the career they have
chosen.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 02/22/2012

Accepted: 03/15/2012

Pages: 143-151

DOI: 2079-6617/2013.0119

Keywords: motivation to choose a career; professional orientation of a person; value orientations (VO); motivation and values orientation in professional activity;

By: Klimenko, I. V.;


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