ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
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Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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MainAuthors

Chernorizov A.M.

Doctor in Psychology, professor. Head of the Department of psychophysiology
Moscow, Russia

Articles

Zakharov V.M., Korolev A.D., Chernorizov A.M.(2013). A new approach to anti-smoking: a psychophysiological analysis. National Psychological Journal, 2(10), 91-99

The article presents the results of a pilot psychophysiological research based on the analysis of changes of brain activity and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) of the human while giving up smoking using the method proposed by the Russian researcher V.M. Zakharov. The method is based on the theory of the gradual development of higher mental functions proposed by P.Ya. Galperin.

16 subjects (8 males and 8 females) took part in the psychophysiological experiments. In the analysis of the electroencephalogram (EEG) spectral composition, the absolute values of alpha-rhythm powers (in electrodes O2-A2, O1-A1, P4-A2, P3-A1) and beta-rhythm (in electrodes F4-A2, F3-A1) were taken into account. ANS activity of was estimated on the basis of the electrocardiogram analysis. Participant’s functional state was valued according to the psychological testing procedure «Health, Energy, and Mood» (HEM). According to the results of the pilot study, it was revealed that the functional state of the nervous system (estimated by EEG and ANS parameters) and the subjective (psychological) state (evaluated according to HEM) during smoking and during quitting smoking depend not only on the duration of tobacco addiction, but also on the smoker’s attitude to the entire process of smoking. Cognitive activity during smoking (controlling the amount of smoked tobacco) looks like an “instrument” that returns to a smoker his/her original functional state of a «non-smoker» and thereby facilitates the process of giving up smoking. The obtained data are preliminary and require further clarification. Over the long term, they can be used to develop «psychological strategy» in smoking control.

Received: 12/19/2013

Accepted: 12/26/2013

Pages: 91-99

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2013.0212

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Keywords: Galperin’s theory of development of higher mental functions; smoking; Zakharov’s method of quitting smoking; human brain; electroencephalography; autonomic nervous system;

Zinchenko Yu. P., Menshikova G. Ya., Bayakovskii Yu. M., Chernorizov A. M., Voiskunsky A. E.(2010).Virtual reality technology in the context of world and national psychology: methodological aspects, achievements and prospects.National Psychological Journal,1(3), 54-62

In the article specific experimental studies, performed with the use of virtual reality systems are described, Promising directions of modification of research paradigms in cognitive, organizational, social and clinical psychology are introduced. The possibility of using new technology to address educational psychology, psychotherapy and psychological rehabilitation is analyzed.

Pages: 54-62

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Keywords: psychotechnologies; technology of virtual reality; experimental psychology; psychotherapy; psychology of safety; psychophysiology; psychological rehabilitation; communication; perception;

Schechter E. D., Chernorizov A. M., Gadelshina D. F.(2010). Modular organization mechanisms of achromatic vision:from human to simple nervous systems.National Psychological Journal,2(4), 92-99

Work is devoted to testing the hypothesis that such modular principle of organization of mechanisms of sensations of brightness is universal in a wide range of animals, including invertebrates. The article presents the results of an experimental study of achromatic vision of snail Helix lucorum, obtained by recording the total electrical activity of the retina (electroretinogram, ERG) and optic nerve.

Pages: 92-99

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Keywords: achromatic vision; invertebrates; sensation of brightness; electroretinogram; optic nerve; on-and off - the system of vision; "luminance" and "dark" neuron modules;

Zinchenko Yu. P., Menshikova G. Ya., Bayakovsky Yu. M., Chernorizov A. M., Voiskunsky A. E. (2010). Virtual reality technology in the context of world and national psychology: methodological aspects, achievements and prospects.National Psychological Journal,2(4), 64-71

In the article specific experimental studies, performed with the use of virtual reality systems are described, Promising directions of modification of research paradigms in cognitive, organizational, social and clinical psychology are introduced. The possibility of using new technology to address educational psychology, psychotherapy and psychological rehabilitation is analyzed.

Pages: 64-71

By: ; ; ; ; ;

Keywords: psychotechnologies; technology of virtual reality; experimental psychology; psychotherapy; psychology of safety; psychophysiology; psychological rehabilitation; organizational psychology; innovative education; perception; communication;

Isaichev E.S.,Isaichev S.A., Nasonov A.V., Chernorizov A.M. (2011). Diagnostics of deception based on the analysis of cognitive evoked potentials of the human brain.National Psychological Journal,1(5), 70-77

A new experimental approach to lye detection is discussed based on analysis of spatial distribution of single components in human cognitive event"related potentials. According averaged group data, the most informative component is the wave P 450.

Pages: 70-77

By: ; ; ; ;

Keywords: detection of deceptive responses (lye detection); models of lying; cognitive eventrelated potentials (cERP); spatial distribution of cERP; algorithms of cERP evaluation;


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