The article provides a brief excursion into the history of interethnic conflicts. The article describes the concepts of tolerance and xenophobia. Their role in the development of complex systems, and the human society in particular, is distinguished. The importance of building tolerance attitudes to provide a full harmonious human life, various social groups and mankind on the whole in a changing world is emphasized.
The idea of a new form of marketing research, neuromarketing, is considered. The possibilities and risks that it carries are shown. Considerable attention is paid to the ethics of modern technology imaging.
This paper summarizes the main idea of the sports psychologist’s occupation. The principles of sports psychology, problems which he is facing as well as methods of solving problems are described. Particular attention is given to practical examples from the experience of well known sports psychologists.
The organization of psychological services of Russian Emergencies Ministry is considered. Its main objectives and areas of work are described. Particular attention is paid to the activities of Russian Emergencies Ministry psychologists who provide emergency psychological care.
The influence of psychological factors on the occurrence, course and prognosis of cardiovascular disease is considered. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying their effects are analyzed, including direct (physiological) and indirect (behavioural) effects. The results of foreign and national research of psychological factors that cause cardiovascular diseases are shown.
The significance of the research results of various characteristics of high school graduates for students and teachers in time dynamics is analyzed. The factors that determine the structure of meaningful relationships in students and teachers of different years to different characteristics of a school graduate are considered. The change of school education functions depending on social and cultural situation in the society is shown.
Keywords: personal value orientations;
role of schools in the development of the student’s personality;
psychological portrait of school graduate;
personal, familial, professional positions of adolescent;
personal guidance of school graduate;
targets of the school as educational institution;
The impact of psychosocial factors of the labor of the employees of correctional facilities on their mental and physical health is analyzed. The results of the research exposing the major agents of job stress and the intensity of their influence on the representatives of this profession are presented. Connection of psychosocial factors of labor, labor intensity and the job satisfaction is shown.
In article the efficiency of various psychological means-individual conversation, Gestalt-therapy, a psychodrama and specially developed author’s training on sexuality is analyzed. It is proved, that more an effective remedy in formation of sexuality is the method of specially developed psychological training in which the author’s technique was used.
The phenomenon of subjective experience arising from the perception of centrifugal and centripetal movements is considered. It is shown how the experience of the expanding space contrasts with the experiences that arise from the supervision of runaway objects.
OPUS technique developed by the authors can be used to evaluate user satisfaction in the frame of web site development and adoption in organizations. A full psychometric validization of the technique has been performed.
On the basis of empirical data the essence of the concepts of «psychological safety» and «trust» is revealed. It is proved that trust and safety are the initial conditions of normal interpersonal relationships. The role of communicative interactions in securing socially-psychological safety of the person is shown.
The analysis of the psychological aspect of technological progress is shown. Its psychological effects such as the development and chronology of mental illness, cyborgisation, invalidation, excess availability and loss of privacy, “blurring” the boundaries of corporeity, increase in dependence risk, change in the structure of needs and activity are considered. Developments of diagnostic criteria for each category of impact are shown.
The ideas about spirituality, which have developed in different philosophic theories as well as various religious faiths of Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, etc. are considered. A comparative analysis of religious traditions concerning spiritual quest and aspirations of a human being is given. The similarity of the religious understanding of man’s spiritual growth and psychological characteristics of a holistic, psychologically mature and healthy personality existing in the different theories of personality.
The influence of written language and literacy on the patterns of thinking is considered. The significance of literacy contributing towards the user’s attention from the content to the linguistic structures in which the content is expressed is shown. Such knowledge allows students to take responsibility for how they formulate their thoughts.
An analysis of the cultural and historical theory of L. Vygotsky is considered. It is shown that in its essence this theory belongs to non-classical psychology. The main ideas concerning the development of the human individual in education put forward by scientists in the framework of this theory are considered.
Keywords: L. Vygotsky;
cultural and historical approach;
development of the person;
zone of proximal development;
theory of developmental education;
zone of potential development;
zone of further development;
The article considers the role of culture of the Pomeranian region in shaping the personality of M. Lomonosov, the great Russian scholar. The influence of the Orthodox tradition of the Pomors, their language, the natural landscapes of the Pomerania region on the development of energy and will to learn, and deep respect for knowledge and spiritual development in adolescent M. Lomonosov is shown.
An attempt to create a psychological portrait of M. Lomonosov is undertaken. The phenomenon of M. Lomonosov’s personality as a creator and a great scholar, who served his people and the supreme power, is revealed.
The reconstruction of representations of M.Lomonosov on the psychological components of working conditions and quality of the working man based on his work is shown. The specific features of the scholar which determined his significant contribution to the development of scientific statements that can be attributed to the field of labour psychology are outlined. These provisions are presented in the systematic form supported by numerous quotations from the works of M. Lomonosov.
The main stages of the life and work of M. Lomonosov, the outstanding national scholar, are presented. The features of his personality and outlook are shown. M. Lomonosov’s contribution to the development of scientific psychological thought in Russia is disclosed.
The article presents an original method of play called ‘Initials’ for developing imagination, free association and flexibility of thinking. The technique offers the tasks of interpreting the initials, bringing together different versions of their transcripts with the idea of themselves in a holistic image. Production of original interpretations of initials an extremely contracted verbal constructs and reflecting the subjective experiences of the author is considered as a manifestation of creative ability.