The paper provides a detailed definition and basic facts about the phenomenon of synaesthesia of natural development (developmental synaesthesia). On the basis of modern discovery and historical data of the research indicating selective synesthetic reactions and their definite advantage in some types of cognitive activity, there are theoretical foundations to research synesthesia efficiently along with private methods of researching sensory mechanisms and more complex representations of individual dynamics of properties and mechanisms of individual cognitive sphere with features of synaesthetic perception.
As a hypothesis the paper uses functional genetic paradigm which includes the notion of age sensitivity (N.S. Leites), interpretation of synaesthesia in studying individual properties (B.G. Ananiev) and the idea of system genesis abilities (V. D. Shadrikov).
Empirical studies presented the thesis that it is more rational to consider synaesthesia as a system property on a par with cognitive, creative and personal values. Thus, synaesthesia is interpreted as an isomorphic mechanism, but with varied content (“cognitive strategy”), which develops out of a specific deposit and manifests itself in super-early ontogeny as rudimentary object, the special ability of the elemental type (property of perception). On the individual (phenomenological) level, this property is shaped as an additional response of a homogenous sensory quality, consistent and categorical in perceived involuntarily accompanying phenomena: symbolic systems (language, music, etc.), symbolically organized phenomena of reality (time-calculation, etc.), and partially perceived physical systems (odors, etc.).
Keywords: synaesthesia of natural development;
structure of personality;
functional genetic approach;
Available Online: 09/30/2013
The article discusses issues of inclusive education, the benefits of the development of inclusive education through classes, and the importance of preparing children with disabilities (HIA) to be included in a comprehensive school.
The paper deals with the degree of satisfaction of kindergarten teachers with their financial situation, the nature of the preferences of the different values of life and confidence in successful future. This work is based on the data obtained during the survey of kindergarten teachers in the city of Moscow, Russia, which was conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Education. Analyzing the results obtained, the authors try to evaluate the significance of educators and social stratification factors, such as teaching experience, age, level of education, level of material security. The data obtained are compared to the results of their earlier survey of kindergarten teachers, which makes it possible to identify certain trends, changing the social well-being in this group.
Finally, a structural analysis, which allows to compare the characteristics of different interconnections are compared to the values and perspectives at different stages of professional kindergarten career. The analysis showed that in the course of professional development, the structure of life orientation of an educator undergoes a kind of transition stages related to change in values and resolution of crisis situations. The data provided in the paper are important since the change of educator‘s life orientation largely determines the nature of the education process in kindergarten, where the implementation of the educational program is reverberated through the eduacor’s system of values.