ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
Ru | En
Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Main RSS Search

MainArticlesVolumes

Emelin V.A. (2018) Cyberculture and network libertarianism. National Psychological Journal. 3, 03-11.

Abstract

Background. Since the end of the 60s of the 20th century, the development of digital technologies has initiated the emergence of a vriety of intellectual movements that shaped the "sociocultural metasoft" of the information society, i.e. cyberculture.

The Objective of the paper is 1. to consider the phenomenon of cyberculture as a consequence of the developed digital technologies in the information society, 2. to show that cyberculture is intertwining ideologies of subcultures whose hallmark is the belief in the boundless possibilities of computer technology in terms of realizing individual freedom.

Design. The paper shows that historically the development of ideological movements of information and network technology users overlapped the postmodern worldview that has become a reflection of the social cultural and technological realities of the information society. The term "libertarianism" is suggested to characterize the ideology of the network community, whose slogan is "information wants to be free". As an illustration of the social cultural implications of digital technologies, the ideology of hackers is highlighted. The later cyberpunk movement which shaped a science fiction trend where human and technological issues are melded and brought to the fore. Cyberpunk should not be identified only with young generaion or science fiction trend, but rather should be deemed as a lifestyle in which computers, network technologies and virtual reality hold a special place.

Conclusion. It should be borne in mind that network libertarianism fueled by postmodern relativism and poststructuralist rhizomorphism turns into traps of total depreciation, becomes an obstacle to the realization of personal choice and promotes development of pathological forms of identity.

Received: 07/13/2018
Accepted: 08/12/2018
Pages: 3-11
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2018.0301

Sections: Psychology of virtual reality;

PDF:

Keywords: digital technologies; cyberculture; cyberpunk; libertarianism; postmodernism; information society ;

Available Online 30.09.2018

References:

Barlow, J.P. (2008) Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace. Net Sago. Retrieved from: http://netsago.org/en/docs/print/3/0 (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Barlow, D.P. (1999) Sale of wine without bottles: The economy of consciousness in the global network... Retrieved from: http://lib.ru/COPYRIGHT/barlou.txt. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Barbrouk, R., Cameron E. California ideology. Retrieved from: http://programming-lang.com/ru/computers/ladlou/0/j51.html. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Belsham, W. (1789) Essays, philosophical, historical, and literary. Retrieved from: https://books.google.ru/books?id=Z6Y0AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA11&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Bhattacharya, S. (2016) The Man who Changed the World: Tim Bernerss-Lee. Esquire. Retrieved from: https://www.esquire.com/uk/culture/news/a11106/the-man-who-changed-the-world/. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Cogswell, N. (2016) The History of the Hippie Cultural Movement. The Culture Trip. Retrieved from: https://theculturetrip.com/north-america/usa/california/articles/the-history-of-the-hippie-cultural-movement/. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Deri, M. (2008) The speed of evasion: cyberculture at the turn of the century. Ekaterinburg, Ultra. Kultura. Moscow, AST Moskva, 39.

Distinctive features of libertarianism [Moskovskiy libertarium]. Retrieved from: http://www.libertarium.ru/one_lesson_05. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Emelin V.A. (2010) Issues of control and security on the Internet. [Materialy Pyatoy mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoykonferentsii po problemam bezopasnosti i protivodeystviyu terrorizmu], Vol. 1. Moscow, MCNMO, 222–225.

Emelin,V.A. (2013) Cyborgization and disability of technologically extended human. National Psychological Journal, 1, 62–70. doi:  2079-6617/2013.0108.

Emelin, V.A. (2017) The postmodern crisis and the loss of stable identity. National Psychological Journal. 2, 5–15. doi: 10.11621/npj.2017.0202.

Emelin, V.A., Rasskazova, E.I., & Tkhostov, A.Sh. (2018) Unity and diversity of processes. Developing personal identity. [Voprosy filosofii], 2, 27–38.

Emelin, V.A., & Tkhostov, A.Sh. (2016) The temptations and traps of temporal identity. [Voprosy filosofii]. 8, 115–125.

Emelin, V.A., Tkhostov, A.Sh, & Rasskazova, E.I. (2014)  Psychological adaptation in the info-communication society: The revised version of the Technology-Related Psychological Consequences Questionnaire Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 7(2), 105–120. doi:  10.11621/pir.2014.0210.

Emelin, V.A., Rasskazova, E.I., & Tkhostov, A. Sh. (2017) Technology-related Transformations of Imaginary Body Boundaries: Psychopathology of the Everyday excessive Internet and Mobile Phone Use. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art. 10(3), 178–189. doi: 10.11621/pir.2017.0312

Est R., van (2014) Intimate Technology: The Battle for Our Body and Behavior. The Hague.

Gomez-Diago, G. (2012) Cyberspace and Cyberculture. ReserchGate. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284078559_Cyberspace_and_Cyberculture. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Hammet, F. (1993) Virtual reality. N.Y.: Haworth Press, 261.

Kirchev, K. (2003) Manifesto of cyberpunk Cyberpunk. Retrieved from: http://kiberpanka.net/history/179-manifest-kiberpanka.html. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Koepsell, D.R. (2003) The Ontology of Cyberspace: Philosophy, Law, and the Future of Intellectual Property. Illinois: Open Court, 160.

Kroker, A. & Weinstein, M. (1994) Data Trash: the theory of the virtual class. Montreal: New World Perspectives, 15.

Levy, P. (2001) Cyberculture.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 259.

Libertarianism. CATO Institute. Retrieved from: https://www.cato.org/research/libertarianism. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

McKenzie, W. (2017) Cyberpunk – From Subculture to Mainstream [Electronic resource. The Cyberpunk Project. Retrieved from: http://project.cyberpunk.ru/idb/cyberpunk_from_subculture_to_mainstream.html. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

McHale, B. (1997) POSTcyberMODERNpunkISM. [Kommentarii], 11, 37–49.

Mortillaro, N. (2016) The World Wide Web Turns 25: How It Changed Everything. Global News. Retrieved from: https://globalnews.ca/news/2897780/the-world-wide-web-turns-25-how-it-changed-everything/. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Shreder, R. (1995) Cyberculture, cyborgpodmodernism and sociology of virtual reality technologies: sliding on the waves of the soul in the information age. [Na putyakh postmodernizma]. Moscow, 117–125.

Two faces of anti-utopia: Cyberpunk LiveJournal. Retrieved from: http://shmandercheizer.livejournal.com/45156.html. (Accessed 10.6.2018).

Voiskunsky, A.E. (2001) Metaphors of the Internet. [Voprosy filosofii], 11, 64–79.

Yablonsky, L. (2000) The Hippie Trip: A firsthand account of the beliefs, drug use and sexual patterns of young drop-outs in America. San Jose, CA: toExcel, 372.

For citing this article:

Emelin V.A. (2018) Cyberculture and network libertarianism. National Psychological Journal. 3, 03-11.

About Editorial Board Volumes Authors For Authors Indexing Contacts
CC BY-NC

National Psychological Journal, 2006 - 2022