ISSN 2079-6617
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Psychological characteristics of the safety culture of oil refinery workers

Psychological characteristics of the safety culture of oil refinery workers

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Recieved: 08/31/2022

Accepted: 11/12/2022

Published: 03/16/2023

Keywords: safety; safety culture; work engagement; organizational engagement; aspiration index

p.: 126-137

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2023.0111

Available online: 16.03.2023

To cite this article:

Andrey Yu. Kuzmin, Elena A. Rodionova. Psychological characteristics of the safety culture of oil refinery workers. // National Psychological Journal 2023. 1. p.126-137. doi: 10.11621/npj.2023.0111

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Issue 1, 2023

Andrey Yu. Kuzmin Saint-Petersburg State University

Elena A. Rodionova Saint-Petersburg State University


Background. Sustainability and safety of production processes are a priority for organizations operating in potentially hazardous areas of production and service. To promote a safe work style and maintain the stability of processes, the concept of a safety culture (SC) is actively used. The problem of involving employees to safety issues brings up the aspects of engagement, motivation and values. 

Objective. The research aims to study the relationship between psychological characteristics of employees (involvement, motivation and values) and level of safety culture in the organization. 

Sample. The sample consists of 96 people who are operators of oil refining units at one of the largest oil-refineries in Russia. 

Methods. UWES-scale (V. Schaufelli, A. Becker) in the adaptation of D. Kutuzova; “Organizational engagement” (V. Dominyak, T. Tatarinova); Safety culture questionnaire (L. Goryunova, V. Kozlov), “Aspirations index” in the adaptation of M. Patrikeeva were used to collect the data. 

Results. The overall level of work engagement showed high positive correlations with such components of safety culture as trust, personal responsibility, discipline, and involvement in safety. Significant connections were found between engagement in the organization processes and the evaluation of a number of SC components. It is shown that employees with higher rate of internal aspirations are characterized by a higher SC score. A factor analysis of the SC components was carried out to outline the factors of individual SC, group SC and the attitude to uncertainty. 

Conclusion. Research reveals the role of employee engagement and their motivation in safety development. The results of the study can be used in the work of HR services, occupational safety specialists, heads of departments.


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To cite this article:

Andrey Yu. Kuzmin, Elena A. Rodionova. Psychological characteristics of the safety culture of oil refinery workers. // National Psychological Journal 2023. 1. p.126-137. doi: 10.11621/npj.2023.0111

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