ISSN 2079-6617
eISSN 2309-9828
Personal factors of building a professional career during the period of entering adulthood

Personal factors of building a professional career during the period of entering adulthood

PDF (Rus)

Recieved: 11/20/2020

Accepted: 12/03/2020

Published: 12/30/2020

Keywords: professional career; period of entering adulthood; status of professional identity; motivation of professional career; meaningfulness of life

p.: 113-124

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2020.0409

Available online: 30.10.2020

To cite this article:

Karabanova, O.A. , Zakharova Elena I. , Starostina, Yulia A.. Personal factors of building a professional career during the period of entering adulthood. // National Psychological Journal 2020. 4. p.113-124. doi: 10.11621/npj.2020.0409

Copied to Clipboard

Issue 4, 2020

Karabanova, O.A. Lomonosov Moscow State University

Zakharova Elena I. Lomonosov Moscow State University

Starostina, Yulia A. Lomonosov Moscow State University


Background Planning a professional career as an important step of professional self-determination at the stage of entering adulthood can be considered as the projection of a life path by a person in the conditions of the transitivity of modern society.

Objective: to identify the personal factors of building a professional career by students during the period of entering adulthood. Tasks: 1) identifying the types of building a professional career; 2) identifying the features of motivation for professional development depending on the type of professional career; 3) analysis of the relationship between the type of professional career and the status of professional identity; 4) study of the relationship between the time perspective and the type of professional career; 5) study of the connection between life-meaning orientations as an indicator of the meaningfulness of life and the type of professional career.

Design. The sample of the study consisted of 167 students enrolled in universities in Moscow and Penza, aged 17 to 22. We used the author’s methodology of the questionnaire “Life plans – family and professional careers” (FPC); the questionnaire of the time perspective by F. Zimbardo; D. Marcia method of determining the status of identity in the profession (modified by V.R. Orestova and O.A. Karabanova); methodology of life-meaning orientations (D.A. Leontiev).

Results. The following 4 types of professional careers that are different in the nature of their motivation have been identified: “the conscious construction of a professional career in the unity with the individual's life plans”; “focus on a professional career”; “uncertainty of a professional career” and “uncertainty of professional choice”. It is shown that the type of professional career is associated with the status of a person's professional identity. The status of the achieved identity is consistent with the conscious construction of a professional career; the status of a pre-decision is consistent with a focus on a professional career; a moratorium is consistent with uncertainty in professional choice. It was found that high indicators of the meaningfulness of life are characteristic of the conscious building of a professional career and a focus on a career. The time perspective of the respondents who belong to the type of conscious construction of a professional career is distinguished by a more positive perception of the past and an aspiration to the future.

Conclusions. The relationship between the type of professional career and the status of identity is that the status of achieved identity corresponds to a mature type of professional career; pre-decision corresponds to the focus on a professional career, and a moratorium corresponds to uncertainty in professional choice. The type of professional career as a project of a life path determines the way a person reflects on the meaningfulness of life.


Adisa, T.A.Cooke, F.L. and Iwowo, V. (2019). Mind your attitude: the impact of patriarchy on women’s workplace behavior. Career Development International, 25 (2), 146–164. doi: 10.1108/CDI-07-2019-0183

Akkermans, J., & Tims, M. (2017). Crafting your career: How career competencies relate to career success via job crafting.Applied Psychology: An International Review, 66 (1), 168–195.  doi: 10.1111/apps.12082

Asirvatham, S. and Humphries-Kil, M.(2019). Reflections on women’s career responsibilities in neoliberally driven universities. Career Development International, 25 (2), 111–129.  doi: 10.1108/CDI-01-2019-0012

Cherednichenko G.A.(2014). Educational and professional trajectories of Russian youth (based on sociological research). Moscow: CSP and M, 560p. (In Russ.)

Choi, B.K. and Nae, E.Y. (2020). When career success enhances employees' life satisfaction: different effects of two types of goal orientations. Personnel Review, 4.  doi: 10.1108/PR-04-2020-0218

Crumbaugh, J.C., & Maholick, L.T. (1964). An experimental study in existentialism: The psychometric approach to Frankl’s concept of noogenic neurosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology,20, 589–596. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(196404)20:2%3C200::AID-JCLP2270200203%3E3.0.CO;2-U

Didkovskaya Ya.V.(2011). Socio-cultural analysis of professional self-determination and career of youth.Yekaterinburg: UrFU, 172 p. (In Russ.)

Gagne, M. and Deci E.L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior,26, 331–362. doi: 10.1002/job.322

Gaile, A.Baumane-Vitolina, I.Sumilo, E.Skiltere, D. and Flores, R.M.(2019). Values and career behaviours of entrepreneurs and employee. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 26 (7), 1607–1625. doi: 10.1108/IJEBR-06-2019-0369

Ginzburg M.R.(1988).Personality self-determination as a psychological problem.[Voprpsi Psikhologii], 2, 19–26. (In Russ.)

Gonzales A., Zimbardo P.G. (1985). Time in perspective: A psychology today survey report. Psychology Today, 19 (3), 21–26.

Gut Yu.N., Kabardov M.K.(2019). Features of the time perspective of an individual at the stage of professional self-determination. Scientific result.Pedagogy and psychology of education[Nauchni resul’tat. Pedagogika i psikhologiya obrazovaniya], 5 (3), 85–97. doi:10.18413/2313-8971-2019-5-3-0-7 (In Russ.)

Hartung, P.J., & Taber, B.J. (2013). Career construction: Heeding the call of the heart. In B. J. Dik, Z. S. Byrne, & M.F. Steger (Eds.). Purpose and meaning in the workplace, 17–36. doi: 10.1037/14183-002

Kahn, W.A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of Management Journal, 33, 692–724. doi:10.5465/256287

Karabanova O.A., Orestova V.R. (2005).Methods for researching identity in the concept of identity statuses of J. Marcia. [Psikhologiya I shkola],1.39–90. (In Russ.)

Leontiev D.A. (2000).Life-Meaning Orientatios Test (LMO).Moscow: Smisl, 18 p. (In Russ.)

Liu, C. and Yu, K. (2019). Career adaptability and citizenship outcomes: a moderated mediation model. Career Development International, 24 (7), 658–671. doi: 10.1108/CDI-12-2018-0312

Luken, T. (2019). Easy does it: an innovative view on developing career identity and self-direction. Career Development International, 25 (2), 130–145. doi: 10.1108/CDI-05-2019-0110

Mao, J. and Shen, Y.(2020). Identity as career capital: enhancing employability in the creative industries and beyond, Career Development International, 25 (21), 86–203.  doi: 10.1108/CDI-01-2019-0025

Marcia J.E. (1966). Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,3 (5), 551–558. doi: 10.1037/h0023281

MarciaJ.E. (2002). Identity and Psychosocial Development in Adulthood. Identity, 2 (1), 7–28. doi: 10.1207/S1532706XID0201_02

Markova A.K.(2010). Psychology of professionalism. Moscow, 308 p.(In Russ.) 

Marsh, H.W., Hau, K-T. (2007). Applications of latent-variable models in educational psychology: The need for methodological-substantive synergies. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 32, 151–171.doi: 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2006.10.008

Martsinkovskaya T. (2019). The Dynamics Of Identity In The Information And Transitive SpaceEuropean Proceedings of Social and Behavioral SciencesFuture Academy (online), 114, 356–364. doi: 10.15405/epsbs.2019.07.46

Mazzetti, G.; Guglielmi, D.; Schaufeli, W.B. (2020). Same Involvement, Different Reasons: How Personality Factors and Organizations Contribute to Heavy Work Investment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health17,8550. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17228550

Meyer, J.P., Stanley, L.J., Vandenberg, R.J. (2013). A person-centered approach to the study of commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 23, 190–202. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2012.07.007

Mitina O.V., Syrtsova A. (2008). Questionnaire on the time perspective of F. Zimbardo (ZTPI): results of psychometric analysis of the Russian-language version. Bulletin of Moscow University [Bulleten’ Moskovskogo Universiteta]Series 14, Psychology, 2008, 4, 67–89. (In Russ.)

Orestova V.R. (2005).Formation of personal identity. Moscow: MAAN, 135 p. (In Russ.)

Patton, W., & Lokan, J. (2001). Perspectives on Donald Super's construct of Career Maturity. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, (1–2), 31–48.  doi: 10.1023/A:1016964629452

Savickas M.L.Nota L. Rossier J., Dauwalder J-P., Duarte М.Е., Van Esbroeck R., van VianenA. E.M. (2009). Life designing: A paradigm for career construction in the 21st century. Journal of Vocational Behavior,75 (3), 239–250.  doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2009.04.004

Schaufeli, W.B., Salanova, M., Gonzalez-Roma, V., Bakker, A.B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout: A two sample confirmatory factor analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 71–92. doi: 10.1023/A:1015630930326

SpurkD., KellerA.C., HirschiA. (2019). Competition in career tournaments: Investigating the joint impact of trait competitiveness and competitive psychological climate on objective and subjective career success. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 92 (1),74–97. doi: 10.1111/joop.12238

Zimbardo, P.G., Boyd, J.N. (1999). Putting time in perspective: A valid, reliable individual-differences metric. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77 (6), 1271–1288.  doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.77.6.1271

To cite this article:

Karabanova, O.A. , Zakharova Elena I. , Starostina, Yulia A.. Personal factors of building a professional career during the period of entering adulthood. // National Psychological Journal 2020. 4. p.113-124. doi: 10.11621/npj.2020.0409

Copied to Clipboard