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Connections of contemporary adolescents value orientations with psychological characteristics of their teachers and parents

Connections of contemporary adolescents value orientations with psychological characteristics of their teachers and parents

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Recieved: 05/27/2016

Accepted: 06/08/2016

Published: 08/30/2016

p.: 84-93

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0208

Keywords: value-motivational sphere of adolescent personalit; psychoemotional tension; value orientations (VO)

Available online: 30.08.2016

To cite this article:

Podolskiy, Andrei I., Idobaeva Olga A. . Connections of contemporary adolescents value orientations with psychological characteristics of their teachers and parents. // National Psychological Journal 2016. 2. p.84-93. doi: 10.11621/npj.2016.0208

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Issue 2, 2016

Podolskiy, Andrei I. Lomonosov Moscow State University

Idobaeva Olga A. National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”

Abstract

The article presents the results of a large-scale study of value-motivational orientation identity of adolescents living in various regions of the Russian Federation in connection with the characteristics of the social situation of development (family, school). The data obtained in the study allows to identify the most appropriate formation procedures aimed at development of adolescent orientation in value aspects of social relations. Such concepts as morality, value orientations are increasingly used in describing the development trends in society, forming the worldview of the younger generation; the relevant questions are: how is the process of formation of human moral values going; what factors determine the direction and dynamics of this process? The study involved 2731 teenager (46.1% male, 53.9% female) from different regions of the Russian Federation (total 6 sites); 937 parents of adolescents; 125 teachers. Every site included 2 cities, distinguished by population and by status (one of the city is a regional capital). The identified connections of value orientations of students with various psychological characteristics of teachers and parents tell about the adverse trends in the formation of value-moral spheres of adolescents and bring to the fore the problem of working with these characteristics.

Figure 1. Mean values for all values for all samples in the order of value decreasing


Table 1. Significance of differences in adolescent estimates of the 8th and 10th grade

Value

8 / 10

U

P

Conformity

708128,5

,000

Tradition

757922,0

,000

Kindness

 

 

Universalism

738043,5

,004

Self-Dependence

732868,0

,000

Agitation

757584,5

,000

Hedonism

821380,5

,015

Achievement

759182,0

,008

Power

727248,5

,000

Security

779383,0

,001

Table 2. Significance of differences in valuation by males and females

Value

Males / Females

U

P

Conformity

 

 

Tradition

809022,5

,007

Kindness

697467,5

,000

Universalism

717203,0

,000

Self-Dependence

 

 

Agitation

 

 

Hedonism

 

 

Achievement

 

 

Power

620288,5

,000

Security

 

 

Table 3. Links of various characteristics of emotional stress, personal and reactive anxiety in teachers.

 

Life Contentment

Contentment with Living Conditions

Sphere of Life

Stress Level

Reactive Anxiety

S

-,641

-,399

-,455

,482

p

,000

,000

,000

,000

Personal Anxiety

S

-,624

-,305

-,525

,737

p

,000

,000

,000

,000

Figure 2. Mean values of adolescent estimates of all value sites including «Tradition». «Kindness». «Hedonism» and «Security»


Table 4. Links of various characteristics of mental and emotional stress, personal and reactive anxiety in teachers with adolescent values.

 

Value Conformity

Value raditions

Value Kindness

Value Self-Dependence

Contentment with Teacher’s Life

S

 

-,667

,650

 

P

 

,050

,058

 

Teacher’s Contentment with Sphere of Life

S

 

 

 

,762

P

 

 

 

,017

Reactive Anxiety

S

,600

 

-,617

 

P

,088

 

,077

 

Table 5. Links of various characteristics of life orientations in teachers with adolescent values

 

Value Conformity (Adolescents)

Value Kindness (Adolescents)

Value Self-Dependence (Adolescents)

Value Hedonism (Adolescents)

Value Power (Adolescents)

Value Security (Adolescents)

Goals in life (teacher)

S

 

 

 

-,659

-,695

 

P

 

 

 

,076

,056

 

Life Process (teacher)

S

 

 

 

-,707

 

 

P

 

 

 

,050

 

 

Life Results (teacherя)

S

,976

 

 

 

 

,714

P

,000

 

 

 

 

,047

I-Locus of Control (teacher)

S

-,714

 

 

 

 

 

P

,047

 

 

 

 

 

Locus of Control – Life (teacher)

S

 

,690

-,647

-,683

 

 

P

 

,058

,083

,062

 

 

Total Index of Life Values (teacher)

S

,643

 

 

-,719

 

 

P

,086

 

 

,045

 

 

Table 6. Communication characteristics of emotional stress, personal and reactive anxiety in mothers with adolescents rated values.

 

Value Kindness

Value Agitation

Value Hedonism

Value Achievements

Value Power

Value Security

Contentment with Life Conditions

S

 

-,084

-,076

-,097

-,109

-,076

P

 

,004

,066

,022

,010

,068

Sphere of Life

S

 

 

 

 

-,099

 

P

 

 

 

 

,019

 

Stress Levуl

S

-,092

 

 

 

,094

 

P

,025

 

 

 

,023

 

Reactive Anxiety

S

 

 

 

 

,082

 

P

 

 

 

 

,050

 

Table 7. Links of various characteristics of emotional stress, personal and reactive anxiety in fathers with adolescent rated values.

 

Value Kindness

Contentment with Life

S

,133

p

,028

Stress Level

S

-,122

p

,044

Reactive Anxiety

S

-,114

p

,064

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To cite this article:

Podolskiy, Andrei I., Idobaeva Olga A. . Connections of contemporary adolescents value orientations with psychological characteristics of their teachers and parents. // National Psychological Journal 2016. 2. p.84-93. doi: 10.11621/npj.2016.0208

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