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The american military psychology as area of special practice

The american military psychology as area of special practice

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Recieved: 03/05/2014

Accepted: 04/12/2014

p.: 65-73

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2014.0107

Keywords: American psychology; military psychology; mental health; posttraumatic stressful disorder; suicides; drug addiction

To cite this article:

Aleksandr G. Karayany, Karayani, Yuliya M. , Yury. P. Zinchenko. The american military psychology as area of special practice. // National Psychological Journal 2014. 1. p.65-73. doi: 10.11621/npj.2014.0107

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Issue 1, 2014

Aleksandr G. Karayany Lomonosov Moscow State University, Military University of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation

Karayani, Yuliya M. Military University of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation

Yury. P. Zinchenko Federal Scientific Center of Psychological and Multidisciplinary Research, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Abstract

The paper analyses the condition and the basic directions of military psychologists in the American armed forces. It gives an account of specific features, problems, basic fields of activity, general structure of military psychologists’ vocational training. Issues of military psychological community functioning as component of the American psychological association are discussed.

The paper shows that the direction and content of the military psychologists is determined by the peculiarities of the domestic and foreign policy of the American leadership, problems solved by the US armed forces at a particular stage of its historical development, the specific features of the psychological problems that are observes in the Army, the Air Force and the Navy at the today level of the psychological science and practice. The main problems that are the targets of the military psychologists (post-traumatic stress disorder, suicide, drug addiction, war crimes, and relations in military units) are revealed.

The subject field of the American military psychology, and its main objectives are analyzed. The consistency in determining the main points of the practical application of military psychology is given special attention to.

The main areas of activity of military psychologists are analyzed. The specific tasks solved by military psychologists of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps are shown. The direction and methods of clinical psychologists, experts in information operations support of military troops, psychologists in teaching (psychological training of troops) and educational areas are shown. Staff positions and organisations where psychologists works in the interests of the military administration are reviewed. The paper provides an overview of the measures taken by the military leadership of the United States that claim to improve the system of psychological work in the armed forces at the turn of the 20th-21st centuries. The main structure of professional training for the psychologists who are working on solving defense problems are analyzed. A comparative analysis of remuneration system for military psychologists is given.

The issues of military-psychological community functioning as an integral part of the American Psychological Association are discussed. A review of periodicals, literature and events held by the section of military psychology of American Psychological Association ( APA) are provided.

To cite this article:

Aleksandr G. Karayany, Karayani, Yuliya M. , Yury. P. Zinchenko. The american military psychology as area of special practice. // National Psychological Journal 2014. 1. p.65-73. doi: 10.11621/npj.2014.0107

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