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Influence of Professional Skill and Personal Characteristics of a Teacher on the Mental Development of a Child in Different Types of Educational Environment

Influence of Professional Skill and Personal Characteristics of a Teacher on the Mental Development of a Child in Different Types of Educational Environment

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Recieved: 10/05/2022

Accepted: 02/06/2024

Published: 03/13/2024

Keywords: preschool education; educational environment; types of educational environments; teacher’s professional skills; personal characteristics; preschool children

p.: 197-207

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2024.0114

Available online: 13.03.2024

To cite this article:

Shishova, E.O.. Influence of Professional Skill and Personal Characteristics of a Teacher on the Mental Development of a Child in Different Types of Educational Environment. // National Psychological Journal 2024. 1. p.197-207. doi: 10.11621/npj.2024.0114

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Issue 1, 2024

Shishova, E.O. , Federal Scientific Center of Psychological and Multidisciplinary Research


Background. Cognitive and personal development are priority areas for the development of a child at preschool age. The quality of the developmental preparation of children in preschool institutions, their level of readiness to study at school, the degree of their adaptation to school, peers, and teachers largely depend on the state of the educational environment, the level of professional skills and personal characteristics of the teacher.

Objective. The aim of the study is to explore the developing potential of educational environments and the influence of the professional and personal characteristics of a teacher on the formation of a child’s personality in modern educational space.

Study Participants. The empirical study involved 413 preschoolers aged from 4 to 6 years (M = 5.5 years), 413 parents (mothers) of preschool children and 50 teachers. For each child a written parental consent to participate in the study was signed. The study was conducted between 2014 and 2022.

Methods. An empirical study was conducted using the ECERS (Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale) educational environment assessment scales; diagnostics of the level of development of professional culture and skill in kindergarten teachers was carried out (V.F. Gabdulkhakov, L.M. Popov); the methodology for studying the subjectivity of the teacher by E.N. Volkova and the methodology for studying creativity by E.E. Tunik were used. To evaluate various aspects of gaming activity, we used the proposed experimental situation by E.O. Smirnova and A.N. Veraksa. Statistical processing of the obtained data was carried out using the Student’s T-test, ANOVA and correlation analysis.

Results. It is shown that in the educational environment of different levels, the indicators of professional skills and personal characteristics of teachers, as well as the personal development of children, are different. Significant differences were established in the severity of various aspects of children’s play activity in different types of educational environments (one-way analysis of variance was used, p < 0.05), as a result of which significant differences were obtained according to the following diagnostic criteria: “substitution” (F = 25.72); “interaction” (F = 29.3), “game intent” (F = 13.76); “initiativity” (F = 5.25).

Conclusion. Based on the study of the qualitative characteristics of educational environments (according to the ECERS-R scales), it is concluded that the specifics of the educational environment sets the vector of a child’s development, contributing (or not contributing) to the disclosure of individual characteristics. The level of development of professional culture and skill in teachers of preschool educational institutions, their personal development determines the possibilities of the intellectual and personal development of the child and depends on the system of conditions for stimulating the quality work of the teaching staff and leaders, their involvement in creative self-development in order to realize creativity and activity as well as to improve their professional skills.


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To cite this article:

Shishova, E.O.. Influence of Professional Skill and Personal Characteristics of a Teacher on the Mental Development of a Child in Different Types of Educational Environment. // National Psychological Journal 2024. 1. p.197-207. doi: 10.11621/npj.2024.0114

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