In order to determine the correlational relations mentioned in the title here above, a number of experiments with school students have been carried out. They included knowledge instruction on the basis of Galperin’s types of learning on three school subjects (history, biology, geometry); checking the level of logical thinking by means of solving a number of tasks that include basic logical operations such as categorization, generalization, classification, deductive conclusions, finding of analogies and equalizing of variables; estimation of the development level of abilities for searching solutions of insight problems by the results of solving five such problems taken from the set of tasks used in researches on creative thinking; appraisal of the development level of creativity by using the subtest “sketches” in Guilford’s technique.
The sample included 132 school students of the 7th grades from Yekaterinburg schools, Russia. The obtained data were processed statistically using Pearson and Spearman coefficients. Concerning the correlations studied, the following results have been received.
The effectiveness of 1st type of learning is strongly connected with the development of logical thinking (r=0,54), is moderately connected with the ability to solve convergent problems (r=0,34) and is not connected with the ability to solve creative divergent tasks. The effectiveness of 2nd type of learning is connected with the level of logical operations development (r=0,29 for facts and r=0,57 for proofs) and is not connected with the ability to solve convergent and divergent problems. The effectiveness of the 3rd type of learning does not deal with solving convergent tasks, is hardly connected with flexibility (r=0,25) and ingenuity (r=0,21) of solving creative tasks, and even less the 2nd type of learning is connected with logical development when logically complex knowledge is assumed (r=0,48). The established ties give grounds to suggest that the use of the 1st type of learning should develop the abilities for solving insight problems and should not develop creativity in course of instruction, the 2nd type of learning has potential of logical operations development; the 3rd
This article analyses the impact of the training program, which is adapted from the author’s integrated concept of creative thinking. The authir interprets it not only as a manifestation of giftedness or a way of thinking, but also as the highest integral level of thinking, the structure of which includes systemic, logical, divergent, predictive, productive, abstract, imaginative, verbal, theoretical, practical, labile thinking. Cluster analysis allowed to identify three types of creative thinking: systemtheoretical, practical and labile-logical.
Based on the integral concept of creative thinking and proven as a result of cluster analysis typology of creative thinking has created a special development program, in which creative thinking teenagers purposefully formed by the development and the integration of its components. The development program is based upon training and educational programs designed to stimulate certain kinds of thinking, but the main focus was on the integration of targeted types of thinking in the structure of creative thinking.
The approbation of the developing program was conducted at the premises of several secondary schools of Angarsk, Russia, in 2009-2010. The program has shown high efficiency both concerning quantitative integrative creative thinking index and also qualitative properties, it was also highly effective concerning all three kinds of creative thinking in adolescents with different versions of its inner structure.