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cultural-activity approach

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Asmolov A.G.(2014). The historical meaning of the crisis of the cultural activity psychology. National psychological journal,1(13), 5-19

In this paper, we discuss the past, present and future of cultural activity approach as a methodology due to applying for the integration of humanities and natural sciences, psychotechnical and theoretical knowledge.

An attempt was taken to perceive another crisis of cultural activity psychology. The meaning of the historical crisis of cultural activity psychology is reflected in the future prospects of its development bridging the gap between classical and contemporary approaches. Reflection of the crisis of cultural activity psychology allows to allocate the following axioms: the need for dialogue with different variants of cultural activity movement in modern psychology; need for reflection of myths and dangers of canonizing certain thinkers; presumption of decency professionals, true school of Leo Vygotsky and understanding their motivation in the development of his ideas.

In addition to the axioms required for conducting an appropriate dialogue with the researchers of L.S. Vygotsky, there are risks that restrict the understanding and development of his space: the risk of the science-policy isolation, sectarian risk, risk of jubilee historicism, risk of reducing monism to monotheism. These axioms and risks are deemed as cognitive aspects of the situation, which are important for further development of the research program of cultural activity psychology.

Discussing cultural activity psychology as a methodology and a special intellectual movement allows to emphasize a number of meta-features of cultural activity psychology as ideology. On the level of particular scientific methodology it is possible to consider the relationship of cultural activity psychology with other sciences, in which the category of “activity” is the key one. Summing up, the communication referred to cultural activity approach to the social and cultural practices, which expressed methodological bases of social constructivism.

Received: 10/20/2014

Accepted: 10/28/2014

Pages: 5-19

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2014.0101

Keywords: methodology; history of science; cultural-activity approach; crisis in psychology; social constructivism;

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