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Tarasova A.А., Shoigu Yu.S. (2020). Significant job skills of the Russian EMERCOM SISSV experts. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], (13)1, 94–106.

Abstract

Background. The paper is based on specifics of the professional activity of specialists of the State Inspectorate of Small Size Vessels of Russian EMERCOM (SISSV) is a highly demanding job that requires specific individual psychological features to successfully fulfill their duties. Such individual psychological features are important for experts, and also for candidates to the positions in the GIMS used as recruitment criteria.

The Objective. of the study is to identify job skills that determine the professional effectiveness of SISSV experts, to identify the relationship between job skills and career success and to determine psychological indicators strongly associated with success.

Design. An expert survey (N = 40) was conducted to determine psychological indicators that contribute to professional success of SISSV experts. We carried out psychological assessment of acting SISSV experts (N = 275) to determine the presence and the level of necessary skills. Based on expert assessments, the inspectors were assigned to either successful or unsuccessful groups. The resulting polar groups were compared using Mann-Whitney criterion. Correlation analysis (Spearman) was used to access the strength of association between professional success and job skills. We also used factor and regression analyses to model the structure of job skills associated with professional success of acting SISSV specialists and job applicants.

Results. allowed to establish reliable differences between the polar groups on following characteristics (p ≤ 0.05): intelligence, abstract and operative thinking, intellectual liability, attention characteristics (volume, concentration, selection, distribution). They were defined as job skills for SISSV experts. The results of correlation analysis (p = 0.01, p = 0.05) showed that the specialists professional success depended on the presence and level of formation of job skills. We determined the structure of job skills associated with professional success.

Conclusion. The obtained results may be used to optimize the processes of psychological monitoring and psychological selection of the acting specialists of SISSV of Russian EMERCOM and applicant for the position.

Received: 02/25/2020
Accepted: 03/06/2020
Pages: 94-106
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2020.0109

By: Tarasova A.A.; ;

Sections: Professional identity of the person;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no37-2020/npj_no37_2020_094-106.pdf

Keywords: professional activity; sociability; professionally important qualities; activity effectiveness; expert;

Available Online 31.03.2020

Table 1. Job skills required for career success in SISSV EMERCOM of Russia (expert survey, N = 40)

Job Skills

Level

1. Basic intelligence

Above average

2. Flexibility of thinking, mobility and speed of switching of thought processes

Above average

3. Volume of attention

Above average

4. Concentration of attention

Above average

5. Attention distribution

Average and above average

6. Attention switching

Average and above average

7. Attention span

Average and above average

8. Selective Attention

Average and above average

9. Short-term memory

Above average

10. Long-term memory

Above average

11. Random access memory

Above average

12. Realistic thinking

Availability is important

13. Synthetic thinking

Availability is important

14. Analytical thinking

Availability is important

15. Pragmatic thinking

Availability is important

16. Idealistic thinking

Availability possible but not required

17. Communicative skills

Above average

18. Organizational skills

Average and above average

19. Neuropsychic resistance

High

20. Personal anxiety

Low

21. Internal locus of control

Availability possible but not required

22. Leadership in collaboration

Average and above average

23. Achievement motivation

Availability possible but not required

Table 2. Psychodiagnostic tools used in the examination of SISSV experts EMERCOM of Russia

Method

Index

Contents

1

2

3

Test of increasing difficulty by J. Raven [22, pp. 74–89]

Basic intelligence

Level of basic intelligence

Intellectual lability [2, pp. 120–123]

Intellectual lability

Switching speed and flexibility of thought processes

Thinking [1]

S

Synthetical

I

Idealistic

P

Pragmatic

А

Analytical

R

Realistic

Landolt Ring [13, pp.141–142]

VA

Attention volume

CA

Concentration of attention

SA

Selective Attention

AS

Attention span

Number square [7, p. 217]

VA

Volume of attention

AD

Attention distribution

Munsterberg test [7, p. 216]

VA

Volume of attention

SA

Selective Attention

Random access memory [7, p. 212]

RAM

Storing, saving and reproducing information in the process of performing certain actions

10 words memorization [2, pp. 92–94]

STM 1

Short-term memory -1 repetition

STM 2

Short-term memory - 2 repetition

STM 3

Short-term memory - 3 repetition

STM4

Short-term memory - 4 repetition

LTM

Long-term memory

Assessment of communicative and organizational skills [26, p. 581–583]

CS

Communicative skills

ОS

Organizational skills

Assessment of subjective control [21, p. 186–188]

SC

Subjective control

Forecast [8, p. 124–125]

NpR

Neuropsychic resistance

Personal and reactive anxiety by C. Spielberger & Y. Khanin [26, p. 59– 63]

PA

Personal anxiety

Indicative profile [21, p. 171–175]

SO

Self-oriented

GO

Goal-oriented

CO

Collaboration-oriented

Leadership Self Assessment [18, p. 245–246 ]

LP

Leadership potential

Schwarzlander Motor Test [29, p. 12–14]

LC

Level of claims

16-PFpersonality Cattell Questionnaire (Form A) [26, p. 192–239]

F.А

Schizotymia-affectotymia

abstract thinking - high learning ability

Emotional immaturity-emotional maturity

Conformity-dominance

FF

Impulsiveness-restraint

FG

Moral control of behaviour

Timidity-determination

FI

Hardness-softness

FL

Gullibility-suspicion

Practicality-dreaming

FN

Naivety-shrewdness

Current level of anxiety

FQ1

Conservatism-radicalism

FQ2

Dependency-independence

FQ3

Strong-willed self-control of behaviour

FQ4

Frustration anxiety

Method of multilateral personality research by F.B. Berezin (MPR) [3]

L

Social Desirability Scale

F

Confidence scale

К

Correction scale

1

Anxiety somatization scale

2

Scale of anxiety and depressive tendencies

3

Anxiety Displacement Scale

4

Impulsiveness scale

5

Male and female character traits

6

Affect rigidity scale

7

Anxiety and Restrictive Behaviour Scale

8

Autization scale

9

Scale of negation of anxiety and hypomania

0

Scale of social contacts / social activity (extraversion)

Table 3. Differences in indicators between effective and ineffective SISSV experts EMERCOM of Russia

Index

Mean

Mann- Whitney U test

Statistical significance (р)

Effective (N = 57)

Ineffective (N = 70)

Basic Intelligence

93.0

81.0

1578.0

0.014

Intellectual lability

9.9

12.7

1429.0

0.002

CA

77.0

65.6

1640.0

0.042

VA Number Square

32.5

29.2

1356.5

0.000

DA Number Square

10.3

8.8

1315.5

0.000

VA Munsterberg test

394.5

354.1

1597.0

0.017

SA Munsterberg test

18.7

15.9

1318.5

0.000

STM 1

7.4

6.7

1562.0

0.009

STM

9.3

8.7

1449.0

0.001

LTM

9.1

8.2

1497.5

0.003

FВ abstract thinking - high learning ability

6.0

5.0

1606.5

0.019

SC Level of subjective control

30.4

28.0

1471.0

0.003

Мf

44.0

39.0

1235.5

0.045

Si

43.0

50.0

1209.5

0.031

Table 4. Verified significant differences between clusters in the indicators


Index

Mean

Significance level

Index

Mean

Significance level

1 Cluster

3 Cluster

1 Cluster

3 Cluster

Basic Intelligence

82.9

94.8

0.005

STM3

8.8

9.3

0.002

Intellectual lability (mistakes)

12.4

9.3

0.000

STM4

8.9

9.4

0.005

Intelligence

54.8

56.3

0.042

LTM

8.3

9.1

0.002

CA Landolt Ring

68.6

77.1

0.044

SC Level of subjective control

28.5

31.0

0.004

SA Landolt Ring

84.6

88.8

0.041

LP Leadership potential

6.7

7.3

0.014

VA Number Square

29.7

33.0

0.004

ОS

14.6

15.3

0.050

DA Number Square

8.8

10.2

0.001

NpR

12.8

11.3

0.047

VA Munsterberg test

352.8

385.0

0.049

PA Personal Anxiety

38.0

36.5

0.048

SA Munsterberg test

16.3

18.5

0.001

F А

9.9

11.0

0.017

RAM Random access memory

29.5

31.9

0.048

F В

6.6

7.8

0.003

STM1

6.8

7.5

0.006

Mf

18.7

20.3

0.044

STM 2

8.4

8.8

0.037

Si

23.9

21.3

0.013


Table 5. Number and contents of the obtained factors

Factor

Factor content and factor load

1 Factor “Storage and reproduction of information” (27.7% variance)

1. Short-term memory -1 repetition (0.64);

2. Short-term memory - 2 repetition (0.76);

3. Short-term memory -3 repetition (0.79);

4. Short-term memory - 4 repetition (0.73);

5. Long-term memory (0.73).

2 Factor "Focused attention" (12.5% variance)

1. Concentration of attention (0.97);

2. Selective Attention - Landolt Ring (0.97).

3 Factor “Volume and focus of attention” (11.8% variance)

1. Volume of attention - Munsterberg test (0.92);

2. Selective Attention - Munsterberg test (0.88).

4 Factor “Operational thinking and information processing” (8.3% of the variance)

1. Basic intelligence (0.71);

2. Intellectual lability (-0.78);

3. Random access memory (0.67).

5 Factor “Coverage and retention of objects” (7.6% variance)

1. Volume of attention - Number Square (0.81);

2. Attention distribution - Number Square (0.75).

6 Factor “Regulation of actions and behavior” (31.1% of the variance)

1. Level of Subjective control (-0.50);

2. Neuropsychic resistance (0.82);

3. Personal anxiety(0.83).

7 Factor “Implementation of management decisions” (14.8% variance)

1. Leadership self-assessment (0.75);

2. Organizational skills (0.72);

3. Emotional Extraversion / Introversion (0.70).

8 Factor – “Problem solving and behavior change” (10.9% variance)

1. Abstract and operational thinking (0.59);

2. Conformity, empathy (0.63).


Fig. 1. Correlation analysis of the impact of the studied indicators on the expert assessment (Cf )

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For citing this article:

Tarasova A.А., Shoigu Yu.S. (2020). Significant job skills of the Russian EMERCOM SISSV experts. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], (13)1, 94–106.

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