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Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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MainAuthors

Tarasova Anastasia А.

Тарасова А.А.

Deputy Head of the Research Department of Psychological and Psychophysiological Diagnostics at the Federal State Institution “Center for Emergency Psychological Assistance” of the EMERCOM of Russia, Psychologist at the Department of Extreme Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Moscow, Russia

Articles

Tarasova, A.A., Shoigu, Y.S., Tsybulia, V.I. (2021). Criteria for evaluating the results of psychodiagnostic monitoring in the EMERCOM of Russia. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 3 (43), 63–86. doi: 10.11621/ npj.2021.0206

Background is determined by the fact that in the course of their professional activities, specialists of EMERCOM of Russia undergo periodic dynamic monitoring of their psychological state in order to identify the presence and severity of consequences associated with the performance of professional tasks. In this regard, it became necessary to defi ne clear parameters on the basis of which it is possible to determine the changes that have occurred and are occurring, as well as the preparation of the corresponding program and psycho psycho-correction activities.

The objective is to derive criteria that will be used to divide the examined specialists of EMERCOM of Russia into groups that determine the need and specifi cs of psychoprophylactic and psychocorrective measures.

Design. Specialists of EMERCOM of Russia (n = 2979) were examined on 44 indicators, 40 of which relate to the study of cognitive and emotional-personal spheres, 4 — to the study of the psychophysiological sphere. Based on the assigned qualitative score, descriptive statistics (M, σ), and cluster analysis, the sample is divided into 3 groups; the Mann–Whitney test determines how diff erent the groups are from each other. By results of factor and correlation analysis (Spearman), the structure of indicators is obtained, with a negative change in which a corrective eff ect is necessary.

Results obtained allowed us to statistically establish that the groups diff er depending on the degree of change in the studied parameters, the current state and individual psychophysiological characteristics of each individual examined specialists of EMERCOM of Russia (p = 0.000); factor and correlation analyses (p ≤ 0.05) allowed us to identify 5 blocks of indicators, on the basis of which the direction and specifi city of the correction is determined.

Conclusion. Th e fi rst selected criteria is not only a contribution to the psycho-diagnostic soft ware available professional contingent emergency, but also allows the specialists of the psychological service of EMERCOM of Russia to allocate the surveyed employees of EMERCOM of Russia in 3 groups depending on the number and severity of the studied parameters, with the aim of selecting the optimal psychoprophylactic and psychocorrective measures for each of the subjects (group 1 — a condition that does not require correction, group 2 — psychological prevention, group 3 — psychological correction).

Received: 06/01/2021

Accepted: 09/14/2021

Pages: 63-86

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2021.0306

By: ; ; ;

Available Online: 30.11.2021

Tarasova A.А., Shoigu Yu.S. (2020). Significant job skills of the Russian EMERCOM SISSV experts. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], (13)1, 94–106.

Background. The paper is based on specifics of the professional activity of specialists of the State Inspectorate of Small Size Vessels of Russian EMERCOM (SISSV) is a highly demanding job that requires specific individual psychological features to successfully fulfill their duties. Such individual psychological features are important for experts, and also for candidates to the positions in the GIMS used as recruitment criteria.

The Objective. of the study is to identify job skills that determine the professional effectiveness of SISSV experts, to identify the relationship between job skills and career success and to determine psychological indicators strongly associated with success.

Design. An expert survey (N = 40) was conducted to determine psychological indicators that contribute to professional success of SISSV experts. We carried out psychological assessment of acting SISSV experts (N = 275) to determine the presence and the level of necessary skills. Based on expert assessments, the inspectors were assigned to either successful or unsuccessful groups. The resulting polar groups were compared using Mann-Whitney criterion. Correlation analysis (Spearman) was used to access the strength of association between professional success and job skills. We also used factor and regression analyses to model the structure of job skills associated with professional success of acting SISSV specialists and job applicants.

Results. allowed to establish reliable differences between the polar groups on following characteristics (p ≤ 0.05): intelligence, abstract and operative thinking, intellectual liability, attention characteristics (volume, concentration, selection, distribution). They were defined as job skills for SISSV experts. The results of correlation analysis (p = 0.01, p = 0.05) showed that the specialists professional success depended on the presence and level of formation of job skills. We determined the structure of job skills associated with professional success.

Conclusion. The obtained results may be used to optimize the processes of psychological monitoring and psychological selection of the acting specialists of SISSV of Russian EMERCOM and applicant for the position.

Received: 02/25/2020

Accepted: 03/06/2020

Pages: 94-106

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2020.0109

By: ; ;

Keywords: professional activity; sociability; professionally important qualities; activity effectiveness; expert;

Available Online: 31.03.2020


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