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Ignatev Pavel D., Trusova Anna V., Klimanova Svetlana G., Balashova Yuliya I., Zamyatina Nadezhda N., Shestakova Matrena V.. (2019). Cross-cultural analysis of regulating emotions in patients with alcohol addiction. National Psychological Journal, 1, 78-87

Abstract

Background. Impaired ability to regulate the emotional state is significant both in the onset of alcohol addiciton and in its course. Despite the fact that it is generally accepted to consider alcoholism from the point of view of the biopsychosocial paradigm, cross-cultural studies of the individual psychological properties of patients with alcoholism are extremely few.

The Objective of the research was to analyze strategies and methods of emotional regulation within alcoholism in the residents of St. Petersburg (Group 1) and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (Group 2). Research hypotheses: there are regional and national differences in the emotional regulation strategies; emotional regulation strategies may occur due to socio-cultural factors.

Design. The research involved patients who were treated with drug at St. Petersburg Bekhterev Research Psycho-Neurological Institute (St. Petersburg Bekhterev NIPNI) and Yakutsk Republican Drug Dispensary. The sample included persons aged 18 to 70 years old diagnosed with alcohol addiction syndrome (F10.2) in accordance with ICD-10 and fluent in Russian. In total, 60 people took part in the study, 30 of them were residents of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region (Group 1), 30 people are residents of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (Group 2).

Results. Significant regional differences were found in the use of the cognitive strategy of emotion regulation “positive reavaluation” (p = 0.01) in the residents of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region and residents of Yakutia. The basic strategy of emotional regulation is “suppression of expression” (p = 0.02), and also such difficulties of emotional regulation as “aversion of emotional reactions” (p = 0.002), “difficulties in showing impulsive reactions” (p = 0.007), “limited array of strategies emotional regulation ”(p = 0.003) are characteristic of residents of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). They reflect the cultural-based features of the northern peoples that are expressed in emotional restraint, propensity to suppress emotions and feelings.

Conclusion. The study of emotional regulation in alcohol pathology in reference to national and regional affiliation of individuals is of fundamental importance for solving problems in the field of ethnic psychology and psychiatry. In order to effectively provide medical, psychological and psychotherapeutic care to patients with alcohol addiction and other forms of addictive disorders it is necessary to take into account national and regional characteristics that can be an internal resource for the success of the assistance provided.

Received: 11/27/2018
Accepted: 01/15/2019
Pages: 78-87
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2019.0108

By: Ignatev P. D.; Trusova A.V.; Klimanova S.G.; Balashova Yu.I.; Zamyatina N.N.; Shestakova M.V.;

Sections: Psychology and Medicine;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no33-2019/npj_no33_2019_078-087.pdf

Keywords: emotional regulation; alcohol addiction; cross-cultural research; ethnic psychology;

Available Online 30.04.2019

Table 1. Average values of emotional regulation strategies (M ± SD)

Questionnaire of Cognitive Emotional Regulation CERQ

Scales

Group 1

Group 2

Self-reproach

12.9±2.8

13.1±4.1

Recipience

13.0±3.0

13.3±3.2

Rumination

12.9±3.6

13.4±3.6

Positive Reframing

12.0±4.4

13.4±3.3

Reframing and Planning

16.1±3.4

15.2±3.4

Positive Revaluation

15.5±3.7**

13.2±2.9

Prospecting 

14.0±4.2

13.2±2.6

Catastrophising

9.9±3.3

11.4±3.8

Accusation

9.9±3.6

9.5±2.8

Questionnaire of Emotional Regulation ERQ

Cognitive Revaluation

4.7±1.0

5.1±1.3

Suppressing Expression

4.1±1.4

4.9±1.2*

NB: level of statistical significance - p <0.01 **. p <0.05 * (T-test Student). 

Table 2. Average values of difficulties of emotional regulation scales (M ± SD)

Questionnaire Scales

Group 1

Group 2

Aversion of emotional reactions

15.3±6.4

20.0±4.8**

Difficulties in maintaining targeted behavior

15.7±3.7

16.3±3.4

Difficulties in showing impulsive reactions

14.1±5.2

17.6±4.3**

Lack of awareness of emotional reactions

13.4±3.7

14.8±4.6

Limited array of emotional regulation strategies

19.5±5.8

23.8±4.6**

Lack of clarity and awareness of emotional reactions

9.6±2.8

12.2±4.5**

NB: level of statistical significance - p <0.01 **. p <0.05 * (T-test Student). 

Table 3. Analysis of uncertainty tolerance indicators (Me [Q3-Q1]) 

Questionnaire Scales

Group 1

Group 2

Tolerance of uncertainty

5.0 [4.0]

5.0[4.0]

Intolerance of uncertainty

7.0[4.0]

8.5[2.0]

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For citing this article:

Ignatev Pavel D., Trusova Anna V., Klimanova Svetlana G., Balashova Yuliya I., Zamyatina Nadezhda N., Shestakova Matrena V.. (2019). Cross-cultural analysis of regulating emotions in patients with alcohol addiction. National Psychological Journal, 1, 78-87

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