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Molchanov S.V., Almazova O.V., Voiskounsky A.E., Poskrebisheva N.N. (2018). Role of personality features of adolescents in processing information via social network communication.. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 4, 3–15. doi: 10.11621/npj.2018.0401

Abstract

Introduction Informational socializing of modern adolescents influences the form of communication as the main source of development and self-determination as the major developmental factor in adolescence. The investigation of links between personal features and moral values and Internet involvement allows defining the problem of correlations between personal and cognitive component of development and prevent cyberbulling and communication on-line risks.

The Objective of the study is to investigate the correlation between basic attitude and moral values of adolescents and the productivity of cognitive processing of social information on the Internet. The hypothesis of the study is the assumption that adolescents with a positive attitude to the mediated world and a high level of moral values reveal greater productivity of cognitive methods of processing social information obtained on the Internet. One of the goals of the research was to identify the relationship between basic beliefs and the Internet addiction in adolescents.

Methods and sampling. The study used the following methods: 1. Basic Belief Scale by R. Yanoff-Bulman (Kalmykova, Padun, 2002); 2. Methods of diagnosing moral values "Fair-Care" (S. Molchanov, A. Podolsky); 3) the author's method of cognitive assessment of social information on the Internet, based on the Crick and Dodge model (Crick, Dodge, 1994); 4. Method of diagnosing Internet-dependent behavior by S.H.Chen. The population aged 13 to 18 years accounted 175 adolescents (49% males and (51% females).

Results. Three groups of adolescents were different in the nature of basic assumptions and the level of development of moral values optimists, pessimists, and ego-centered pessimists, and Internet addicted. Comparative analysis of the cognitive methods of processing social information on the Internet, as well as signs of Internet addiction was carried out.

Conclusions: The hypothesis that positive attitude to the mediated world and belief that they control life, a high level of moral values associated with more productive cognitive methods of processing social information on the Internet has received confirmation. A group of adolescents identified as “pessimists” (perception of the world as hostile, negative image of themselves, lack of confidence in the world and success, low level of moral values) reveal signs of Internet addiction in behaviour.

Received: 11/24/2018
Accepted: 12/07/2018
Pages: 3-15
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2018.0401

By: ; ; ; ;

Sections: Psychology of virtual reality;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no32-2018/npj_no32_2018_003-015.pdf

Keywords: basic assumptions; moral values; cognitive methods of social information processing; adolescence; Internet dependence;

Available Online 30.12.2018


Fig. 1. Map of cognitive processing of social information


Fig. 2. Assessment of “intrapersonal problems and health problems” and “problems associated with Internet addiction” symptoms with different types of perceptions and moral organization of the mediated world


Fig. 3. Diagrams of assessment scope of “Response Evaluation” and “Behaviour” with different types of perception and moral organization of the surrounding world

Table 1. Major psychometric assessments on the Basic Belief Scale questionnaire (BBS) in females and males, and differences

Scale

Whole Sample

Males

Females

Differences

Me

SD

Me

SD

Me

SD

t

p

BBS 1

6,51

2,65

6,48

2,77

6,53

2,54

-0,142

0,887

BBS 2

4,40

2,77

4,34

2,64

4,47

2,90

-0,306

0,760

BBS 3

6,41

3,18

6,49

3,04

6,33

3,32

0,329

0,743

BBS 4

7,96

2,57

7,72

2,77

8,16

2,35

-1,125

0,262

BBS 5

6,71

2,47

6,95

2,45

6,47

2,48

1,304

0,194

BBS 1 –Benevolence of the mediated world, BBS 2 – fairness of mediated world, BBS 3 – Positive I-image, BBS 4 – faith in luck, BBS 5 – belief in control over life.

Table 2. Major psychometric assessments on Fair-Care Scale in females and males, and differences

Scale

Whole Sample

Males

Females

Differences

Me

SD

Me

SD

Me

SD

t

p

FPA

2,21

0,75

2,28

0,80

2,20

0,71

0,261

0,794

FPI

2,40

0,79

2,36

0,84

2,45

0,74

-0,713

0,477

FСF

2,77

0,78

2,70

0,80

2,86

0,75

-1,170

0,244

FСS

2,68

0,77

2,66

0,72

2,70

0,82

-0,349

0,727

FPS

3,74

0,86

3,56

0,83

3,92

0,85

-2,885

0,004

FPU

3,46

0,79

3,49

0,78

3,43

0,80

0,454

0,650

CS-cP

2,82

0,80

2,86

0,82

2,78

0,79

0,699

0,486

CS-cO

3,34

0,82

3,22

0,87

3,46

0,76

-2,003

0,047

CS-sR

3,44

0,75

3,42

0,73

3,46

0,77

0,400

0,690

CS-sC

3,19

0,84

3,08

0,87

3,29

0,81

-1,664

0,098

CS-rP

3,10

0,58

3,01

0,58

3,19

0,56

-2,007

0,046

Fairness. 1. Preconventional level: FPA – power of authorities, fear of punishment; FPI – instrumental exchange «you – to me, I – to you». 2. Convention: FСF – focus on the opinions of others, the desire “to be good»; FСS – Social law and order. 3. Postconventional level: FPS – social contact, importance of individual rights; FPU – stage of universal ethical principles. Care. 1. Self-concern; CS-cP – focus on the self and personal interests; CS-cO – focus on the opinions of others and good opinion of the self. 2. Self-sacrifice: CS-sR – reflexive empathic orientation; CS-sC – concern of internalized values, protecting the rights of others. 3. Self-respect: CS-rP – perceived concern of internalized values.

Table 3. Cluster centers of respondents according to the perception of the world and perceiving the self in this world

 

Name

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Benevolence of the mediated world

BBS 1

5

5

9

Fairness of the mediated world

BBS 2

3

3

7

Positive I-image

BBS 3

3

8

8

Faith in luck

BBS 4

6

9

9

Belief in control over life

BBS 5

5

7

8

Power of authorities, fear of punishment

FPA

2,3

2,2

2,1

Instrumental exchange

FPI

2,5

2,4

2,3

Focus on the opinions of others

FСF

2,7

2,8

2,8

Social law and order

FСS

2,5

2,8

2,7

Social contact, importance of individual rights

FPS

3,7

3,8

3,8

Stage of universal ethical principles

FPU

3,3

3,5

3,6

Focus on the self and personal interests

CS-cP

2,9

2,9

2,7

Focus on the opinions of others

CS-cO

3,3

3,3

3,4

Reflexive empathic orientation

CS-sR

3,2

3,4

3,6

Concern of internalized values

CS-sC

3,1

3,0

3,4

Perceived concern of internalized values

CS-rP

3,0

3,0

3,3

Respondents

 

58

57

60

Table 4. Females and males by type of world view and basic moral regulation

 

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Males

32,6%

32,6%

34,8%

Females

33,7%

32,6%

33,7%

Table 5. Average scores of different aspects of Internet addiction in adolescents with different types of perception and moral regulation in the mediated world, and differences

 

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Differences

K-W

p

Compulsive Symptoms

9,11

8,19

8,47

2,601

0,272

Withdrawal Symptoms

9,98

9,35

9,13

1,924

0,382

Symptoms of Tolerance

7,09

6,30

6,98

4,525

0,104

Intrapersonal and health problems

11,12

9,72

9,36

5,746

0,057

Time Management problems

8,51

7,56

7,97

3,119

0,210

Main Symptoms of Internet Adddiction

26,18

23,84

24,58

2,034

0,362

Internet addiction problems

19,63

17,28

17,78

5,298

0,071

Total Score of Internet Addiction

45,81

41,12

42,37

3,723

0,155

Table 6. Average scores of cognitive assessment in adolescents with different types of perception and moral regulation in the mediated world, and differences

 

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Differences

K-W

P

Perception

22,71

22,23

22,20

0,733

0,693

Interpretation

22,03

22,07

22,00

0,041

0,980

Response

21,47

22,46

22,77

4,416

0,110

Response Evaluation

22,52

22,37

23,63

6,941

0,031

Behaviour

22,52

23,30

24,27

5,198

0,074

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For citing this article:

Molchanov S.V., Almazova O.V., Voiskounsky A.E., Poskrebisheva N.N. (2018). Role of personality features of adolescents in processing information via social network communication.. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 4, 3–15. doi: 10.11621/npj.2018.0401

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