Background. The issue of preventing antisocial behavior in the juvenile is relevant nowadays as delinquent, unlawful behaviour in children and adolescents is a powerful risk factor of asocial development of the personality on the whole, and also the factor that negatively affects their entire future.
The Objective is to analyze the causes and consequences of the asocial development in children and adolescents, to consider theoretical studies devoted to the prevention of antisocial behaviour and juvenile delinquency, neglected and homeless children and adolescents, and their rehabilitation and resocialization.
Design. The paper studies the issue of adolescent aggression in modern Russian society. The paper recites a wide range of foreign and Russian research, analyses regulatory and legal documents and regional practices, and also employs the data of the author’s survey of Russian adolescents conducted in 2017.
Research results. Family reshaping in terms of psychology and relationship between family members have a direct effect on deviant or antisocial behaviour in adolescents. A significant negative correlation between the school climate and the aggressiveness of schoolchildren was revealed. High positive intercorrelations within the indicators of the school climate were found to be high: school safety and teacher-student relations. Children who are not involved in bullying, assess the climate and school safety significantly higher than the children who are bullied. This pattern is typical for all participants in the persecution, regardless of their role, i.e. the victim, the aggressor or the observer.
Conclusion. Based on the data reviewed, the recommendations given can be taken into account when establishing the state policy on preventing antisocial behaviour and the aggression in the juvenile. The significance of the joint school and family measures that can be an effective tool for preventing teenage aggression is drawn special attention to.
Sections: Health Psychology;
Available Online 01.08.2018
Arestova, O.N., & Mahmudova, S.Kh. (2018) Subjective presentation of family relations at different levels of awareness (on the example of adolescence). [Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta]. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 55–69.
Buelga, S., Prieto, A.B., & Cava, M.J. (2017) Differences in family climate and family communication among cyberbullies, cybervictims, and cyber bully-victims in adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 76, 164–173. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.07.017
Cavanagh, S.E. (2008) Family structure history and adolescent adjustment. Journal of Family Issues, 29, 944–980. doi: 10.1177/0192513X07311232
Concepts for the development of the system for the prevention of neglect and juvenile delinquency and the plan for its implementation. [Pravitel’stvo Rossii]. Retrieved from: http://government.ru/docs/26901/ (Accessed May 16, 2018).
Enikolopov, S.N., Kuznetsova, Yu.M., & Chudova, N.V. (2014) Aggression in everyday life. Moscow.
Fang, C.Y., Egleston, B.L., Brown, K.M., Lavigne, J.V., Stevens, V.J., Barton, B.A., Chandler, D.W., & Dorgan, J.F. (2009) Family cohesion moderates the relation between free testosterone and delinquent behaviors in adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44, 590–597. doi: 10.1016/j. jadohealth.2008.11.018
Fomby, P., & Cherlin, A.J. (2007) Family Instability and Child Well-Being. American Sociological Review, 72, 181–204. doi: 10.1177/000312240707200203
Fomby, P., & Sennott, C. (2013) Family Structure Instability and Mobility: The Consequences for Adolescents’ Problem Behavior. Social Science Research. doi: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2012.08.016
Gorshkova, M.K., & Petukhova, V.V. (Eds.) (2015) Russian society and the challenges of time. 2 books. Moscow.
Guo, S. (2018) A model of religious involvement, family processes, self-control, and juvenile delinquency in two-parent families. Journal of Adolescence, 63, 175–190. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.12.015
Heard, H.E. (2007a) The family structure trajectory and adolescent school performance. Journal of Family Issues, 28, 319–354. doi: 10.1177/0192513X06296307
Heard, H.E. (2007b) Fathers, mothers, and family structure: family trajectories, parent gender, and adolescent schooling. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 435–450. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2007.00375.x
Igoshev, K.E., & Minkovsky, G.M. (1989) Family, children, school. Moscow.
Karabanova, O.A. (2016) Child-parent relations as a factor of professional self-determination of the person in adolescence and adolescence. [Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta]. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 54–62.
Kaya, F., & Buzlu, S. (2016) Effects of aggression replacement training on problem solving, anger and aggressive behaviour among adolescents with criminal attempts in Turkey: A quasi-experimental study. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 30, 729–735. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2016.07.001
Kon, I.S. (2009) The boy is the father of a man. Moscow.
Kon, I.S. (1989) Psychology of early adolescence. Moscow.
Kudryavtsev, I.A., & Ratinova, N.A. (2000) Criminal aggression. Moscow.
Larsen, C.A. (2013) The Rise and Fall of Social Cohesion: The Construction and De-construction of Social Trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark, 12. United Kingdom, Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681846.001.0001
Li, M., Johnson, S. B., Musci, R. J., & Riley, A. W. (2017) Perceived neighborhood quality, family processes, and trajectories of child and adolescent externalizing behaviors in the United States. Social Science & Medicine. 192, 152–161. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.07.027.
Massen, P., Conger, J., Kagan, J., & Houston, A. (Eds.) (1987) Development of the child personality. Moscow.
Millennials in Adulthood (2014, Murch 7). Pew Research Center: http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2014/03/07/millennials-in-adulthood/ (Accessed Oct 10, 2017).
Pavlova T.S., Kholmogorova A.B. (2017). Psychological factors of social anxiety in Russian adolescents. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 10(2), 179–191. doi: 10.11621/pir.2017.0212
Rean, A.A. (2008) Adolescent aggression. [Psikhologiya podrostka: polnoe rukovodstvo]. Moscow, 324–337.
Rean, A.A. (2016) The attitude of young people to the institution of the family and family values. National Psychological Journal, 1, 3–8. doi: 10.11621/ npj.2016.0101
Rean, A.A. (2013) Psychology of Personality. St. Petersburg.
Rean, A.A. (2015) Family, social attitudes and antisocial behavior of children and adolescents. [Rossijskij psihologicheskij zhurnal], 12(1), 29–40.
Rean, A.A., & Kolominsky Ya.L. (2008) Social educational psychology. St. Petersburg.
Rean, A.A., Konovalov, I.A., & Novikova, M.A. (2018) Family in the representation of adolescents with prosocial and antisocial behaviour. [Mir Psikhologii], 1, 75–88.
Rean, A.A. (Ed.) (2010) Family: psychology, pedagogy, social work. Moscow, AST.
Register of projects funded in 2017. [Fond podderzhki detey, nakhodyashchikhsya v trudnoy zhiznennoy situatsii]. Retrieved from: http://fond-detyam.ru/granty-fonda/reestry-innovatsionnykh-sotsialnykh-proektov/2017/ (Accessed June 5, 2018).
Remshmidt, Kh. 1994 Adolescent and youthful age. Issues of personality development. Moscow.
Shaheen, A.M., Hammad, S., Haourani, E.M., & Nassar, O.S. (2018) Factors affecting Jordanian school adolescents’ experience with being bullied. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 38, e66–e71. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2017.09.003
Shetgiri, R. (2013) Bulling and victimization among children. Advances in pediatrics, 60(1), 33–51. doi: 10.1016/j.yapd.2013.04.004
Soldatov, G.U., Rasskazova, E.I., & Nestik, T.A. (2017) Digital generation of Russia. Competence and safety. Moscow.
Yurevich, A.V. (2016) Moral state of modern Russian society: empirical estimates. [Voprosy psikhologii],6, 49–62.
Wang, H.Y., & Wang, S.H. (2010) User acceptance of mobile internet based on the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology: Investigating the determinants and gender differences. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journ 38(3), 415–426. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2010.38.3.415
Wang, X., Yang, L., Gao, L., Yang, J., Lei, L., & Wang, C. (2017) Childhood maltreatment and Chinese adolescents’ bullying and defending: The mediating role of moral disengagement. Child Abuse & Neglect, 69, 134–144. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.04.016
Wang, P., Hsiao, R.C., Chen, L.M., Sung, Y., Hu, H., & Yen, C. (2018) Associations between callous-unemotional traits and various types of involvement in school bullying among adolescents in Taiwan. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi.
Volk, A., Schiralli, K., Xia, X., Zhao, J., & Dane, A. (2018) Adolescent bullying and personality: A cross-cultural approach. Personality and Individual Differences, 125, 126–132. 10.1016/j.paid.2018.01.012
Voulgaridou, I., & Kokkinos, C. M. (2015) Relational aggression in adolescents: A review of theoretical and empirical research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 23, 87–97. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2015.05.006
Yüksel-Sahin, F. (2015a) An examination of bullying tendencies and bullying coping: behaviors among adolescents. Soc. Behav. Sci. 191, 214–221. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.415
Zimbardo, F., & Kolombe, N. (2017) The man in isolation. Games, porn and identity loss. Moscow.
Zinchenko Yu. P., Zotova O. Yu., Tarasova L.V., Gaidamashko I. V. (2016). The contamination of young people’s notions about narcotics and psychoactive substances as a threat to psychological security. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 9(2), 39–53. doi: 10.11621/pir.2016.0204
Rean A.A. (2018) Prevention of aggression and antisocial behaviour in adolescents. National Psychological Journal, 11(2), 3–12