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Vartanova I.I. (2016). The system of values, motivation and self-attitude: gender features in high school students. National Psychological Journal. 4, 115-121.


The paper presents the results of the value orientation research in high school students, Moscow, Russia. The sample (N=62) included 22 education and universal values and also self-attitude parameters using the four types of emotional attitude to learning. These types of motivation profile were obtained via pre-factorization estimates of the seven values of school life using the method of semantic differential, which allowed to estimate the severity of a positional or status motivation (1), achievement motivation (2), learning and cognitive motivation, (3) and motivation of affiliation (4). This enabled to further estimate the factor and correlation analysis of the parameters studied, which shows that the system of values is significantly different in males and females of the same age, even in relation to the same mean value of motivation. Motivation, values and self-attitude organize stable systems – on the current sample allocated the four most common systems, i.e. the four factors that are specific for both males and females. Simultaneously, there are systems of values dependent on expressiveness and the combination of a certain type of motivation, and independent of the type of motivation.

Female educational and cognitive motivation and positional (status) motivation related to the values were merged into one factor, but for males one factor includes achievement motivation and (with the opposite sign) affiliation motivation. While the self-realization of females occurs in the process of learning (the value of «selfimprovement in their studies»), and in the future they see an opportunity for self-realization through the value of «happy family life», the males with this motivation connect their opportunity for self-realization with other values, i.e. «health», «recognition by other team members», «my authority.»

Received: 11/20/2016
Accepted: 12/16/2016
Pages: 115-121
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0414

Sections: Developmental Psychology;


Keywords: motivation; value orientations (VO); self-attitude; a high school student;

Available Online 30.12.2016


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For citing this article:

Vartanova I.I. (2016). The system of values, motivation and self-attitude: gender features in high school students. National Psychological Journal. 4, 115-121.

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