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Pervichko, Elena I. (2016) Cultural active approach to the issue of emotion regulation: theoretical explanation and empirical verification of a conceptual model. National Psychological Journal. 2, 03-17.

Abstract

The paper gives a theoretical explanation and empirical verification of a conceptual emotion-regulating model, developed in the theoretical methodological context of cultural-active paradigm. A universal hypothesis concerning emotion regulation as a system including psychological and physiological levels has been verified empirically. The psychological level may be subdivided on motivational thinking level and operational-technical ones, ruled by such psychological mechanisms as reflection and symbolical mediation. It has been figured out that motivational peculiarities determine the manifestation of other analyzed components of the system of emotion regulation. This is true not only for healthy patients, but also for patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP). The significance of reflection and symbolical mediation in the system of cultural-active paradigm and emotion regulation has been determined. It has been proved that emotion regulation among patients with MVP differs from that of healthy people, highlighted by a very strong conflict of goal-achieving and fail-avoiding motives, lack of personal reflection and distortion of symbolical mediation, and very limited emotion-regulative resources. It has been shown that patients with MVP differ from the control group, suffering from far more strong emotional stress. It distributes an overall negative impact, reducing the ability to use emotion-regulating resource in emotionally meaningful situations effectively.


Received: 06/14/2016
Accepted: 06/27/2016
Pages: 03-17
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0201

Sections: Methodology;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no22-2016/npj_no22_2016_003-017.pdf

Keywords: higher mental functions (APF); emotion regulation; emotion regulation strategies; mitral valve prolapse; emotional stress; cultural active paradigm; emotion expression suppression;

Available Online 30.08.2016

Table 1. Medium group indexes of the number of chosen situations (Me±SD)

Number of chosen situations

MVP, n=134

Healthy people, n=73

Accuracy

All chosen situations

7.90±0.67

5.94±1.01

p<0.05

With obstacles

4.60±1.56

2.41±0.97

p<0.001

With blaming

3.30±0.81

3.53±1.11

-

Table 2. Medium group amount of emotional descriptors (Me±SD)

Number of descriptors in one situation

MVP, n=134

Healthy people, n=73

Accuracy

Situation in general

8.54±1.49

7.08±1.35

p<0.05

Single obstacle situation

6.83±1.66

6.81±2.20

-

Single blaming situation

10.04±2.42*

6.97±1.97

p<0.05

Note. * - the differences are true for the number of descriptors in single blaming situation compared to the number of emotions in single obstacle situation (p<0.05).

Table 3. Emotion regulation strategies in the situation of a spontaneous reaction. Frequency analysis (%)

Emotion regulation (ER) strategy

MVP, n=134

Healthy people, n=73

Accuracy

I. Internal ER strategies

1

Non-differentiable cognitive changes

25.2±1.13

10.7±1.16

p<0.001

2

Ruminations and catastrophization

16.1±2.17

10.4±1.77

p<0.05

3

Comparison and depreciation

26.6±2.23

24.2±2.65

-

4

Positive review

4.7±0.43

12.1±1.46

p<0.001

5

New senses actualization

23.8±3.67

34.3±3.39

p<0.05

6

Worries transformation via humor and metaphor

3.6±0.03

8.3±1.6

p<0.001

Total

100

100

-

II. External ER strategies

1

Direct expression

27.3±2.68

25.6±2.04

-

2

Emotion expression suppression

29.2±1.75

20.5±1.9

p<0.05

3

Conflict-communicative reaction

31.2±2.66

28.9±2.33

-

4

Subject-subject interactive transformations

12.3±1.96

25.0±1.58

p<0.001

Total

100

100

-

Table 4.

Emotion regulation (ER) strategy

MVP, n=134

Healthy people, n=73

Accuracy

I. Internal ER strategies

1

Non-differentiable cognitive changes

7.3±1.85

6.1±1.45

-

2

Ruminations and catastrophization

18.0±3.65

7.3±0.85

p<0.001

3

Comparison and depreciation

28.7±2.78

14.6±1.94

p<0.05

4

Positive review

5.1±1.78

19.3±3.37

p<0.001

5

New senses actualization

32.3±4.98

36.4±3.99

-

6

Worries transformation via humor and metaphor

8.6±3.04

16.3±2.25

p<0.05

Total

100

100

100

II. External ER strategies

1

Direct expression

18.5±1.75

12.6±2.42

p<0.05

2

Emotion expression suppression

23.2±2.59

18.4±1.9

p<0.05

3

Conflict-communicative reaction

26.3±1.23

27.0±1.79

p<0.05

4

Subject-subject interactive transformations

32.0±3.61

42.0±3.44

p<0.05

Total

100

100

100

Table 5. Medium RA indexes among patients with MVP and healthy patients before and after the experiment (points, M±SD).

Reactive anxiety

MVP, n=134

Healthy people, n=73

Accuracy

RA before the experiment

43.69±4.73

37.70±1.72

p<0.001

RA after the experiment

45.03±1.06

37.81±3.27

p<0.001

Δ RA

1.34±0.52

0.11±0.09

-

Table 6. Medium non-verbal activity indexes among patients with MVP and healthy patients during the experiment (absolute values, M±SD)

Non-verbal activity indexes

MVP, n=134

Healthy people, n=73

Accuracy

Gestures

20.0±3.1*

14.1±2.6

p<0.05

Posture changes

7.9±2.3

5.8±0.9

-

Mimics

14.6±2.7

15.2±2.2

-

Voice tone changes

10.2±1.9 *

5.2±1.1

p<0.001

Total point

52.7±4.3 *

40.3±5.7

p<0.05

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For citing this article:

Pervichko, Elena I. (2016) Cultural active approach to the issue of emotion regulation: theoretical explanation and empirical verification of a conceptual model. National Psychological Journal. 2, 03-17.

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