We discuss evolutionary precursors of social intelligence in complex social systems, and dostinguish levels, forms ans types of social intelligence in humans. On the basis of experimental studies of social intelligence in children, we distinguish high, middle and low levels of social intelligence.. The importance of distinguishing levels, forms and types of social intelligence for a number of theoretical and practical issues of preparing a modern child for the effective appropriation of (and functioning in) complex social systems is accentuated.
The report presents a summary of the conference on the status and problems of modern Russian Applied Psychology. Summary and suggestions of participants in each of the seven sessions are presented.
Main socio"cultural changes in modern society are outlined. Their influence on personality development of children and adolescents is revealed. The features of contemporary children due to evolutionary morphological transformations of human are discussed. The problems that comes from these processes to the psychological and pedagogical theory and practice, especially in the modern school, are described.
Keywords: cultural-historical environment;
the relationship of social change and features of child development;
psychophysiological features of the modern child;
informal groups of children;
pathology of development;
age limit of childhood;
deviant behavior in children and adolescent;
The diagnostic value of the drawing tests in psychological diagnosis is considered. Projective technique "Flower Drawing of Family Members" is an original method, which can be used as a mild humane technique of psychological diagnostics.
The self"awareness psychological structure of a creative person developed by the author of the article during many years of research is considered. The results of longitudinal experiment conducted in the natural conditions devoted to developing the need and ability for creative work in children is highlighted.
The problems that psychologists are faced with in modern society are highlighted. The research held by the Faculty of Psychology of Lomonosov Moscow State University in accordance with the "Implementation of Innovation"Based Educational Programmes in Psychology" sub"project is considered. The new interdepartmental and interdisciplinary specialist areas are aimed at professional academic training in order to solve theoretical and practical problems of modern psychology.
The article analyzes the attitude of parents of preschool children to the primary school education. Special attention is paid to a choice of the optimal age for children to enter school. Furthermore criteria on which parents rely in choosing a school for their children are also reviewed as well as the views of parents on the basic functions of school and their requirements for professional and personal qualities of a school teacher. The article continues a series of works on the sociology of preschool children, conducted by researchers of the Institute for Sociology of Education RAE and is based on the materials of a sociological poll of parents whose children attend Moscow kindergartens.
The article discusses the theoretical and methodological framework of the Program development of educational actions as a universal educational psychological and educational component of the project of the federal state standard of general education for senior level - the doctrine of psychological age (Vygotsky, El'konin) and the concept of developmental education, created in the frame of activity approach (Leontiev, Galperin, El'konin, Davydov). The basic types of universal educational action are determined, their characteristics and criteria of formation for older adolescents are presented.
An original author's hypothesis about the role of space in the moral development of a human personality, his/her spiritual enrichment and improvement is considered. The opportunities of space exploration to generate new theories about the origin of the psyche, to study the human consciousness from a new angle are analyzed.
The importance of "habitual atmosphere" of the body-space cabin environment for the astronaut's normal mental work is considered. Various ways of recreating "habitual environment" on board the spaceship are suggested.
The peculiarities of the operator's work and in particular airplane pilots are analyzed. The flight personnel experimental results reveal the notion of immunity, which is defined as an individual psychological characteristic of a personality in relation to a human operator.
The main engineering and psychological issues and also trends of controlling engineering manned-space flight are considered. They are determined by social and psychological attitudes that are applicable in the professional sphere of the developmental engineering. The content of the issues and attitudes mentioned are revealed.
The history of development of space psychology research at the Russian Academy of Sciences is considered. The article describes the issues of cooperation with various organizations involved in space psychology research from the early days until now.
A new experimental approach to lye detection is discussed based on analysis of spatial distribution of single components in human cognitive event"related potentials. According averaged group data, the most informative component is the wave P 450.
The impact of psychological and social labor factors on mental and physical health of correctional institutions personnel is analyzed. The results of research reveal the most important causes of job stress and their intensive character in correctional institutions personnel are considered. The connection between psychological and social factors and also job stress with job satisfaction and internal consistency is considered.
Synchronizing the processes of the accomplishing of dual tasks, the duration of the expectations of events and experience of the present, the mental conscious work on preparation for the job and analyzing its results, bodily movement and change in the outside world - attention to such temporary categories allows the psychologist to build an accurate description of human labor in various forms of transport, to outline methods of formation of specialists' professional skills.
This article examined the problem of employment and unemployment of specialists of work and organization psychology. I investigate the perspectives for career of these young specialists and describe the marketing strategy to promote work and organization psychological services and products.
The author explores the issue: What does psychology study? Does it study the human psyche? He argues about the product of mental activity. Different views on the subject of scientific psychology, the human psyche and its manifestations are considered.
The research held by the Faculty of Psychology of Moscow State Lomonosov University which is constantly developing new approaches based on classical theories of the international and national psychology. The methodology development of psychological research as a condition for apprehending the knowledge accumulated and the process of learning are analyzed.