The article is devoted to the definition of sports injuries; factors influencing the experience of sports injury, expression patterns of pain in
sport were analyzed. In this article we show that the rehabilitation of athletes should combine a comprehensive rehabilitation program of
athletes being developed jointly by medical trauma, physical therapists, trainers, psychologists.
We analyzed factors that contribute to raising the level of injury in sport: changing coating sports grounds, the use of anabolic drugs. Analyzes approaches to rehabilitation programs of injured athletes. Detail the model of C. Ames and J. Duda, which was based on the implementation of the program of work with athletes, focused on goal setting, involvement of athletes in solving problems. The choice of tasks is determined by their degree of availability and accessibility them for athletes.
The article discusses issues of inclusive education, the benefits of the development of inclusive education through classes, and the importance of preparing children with disabilities (HIA) to be included in a comprehensive school.
In this article the authors, without setting a special aim of the comparative analysis of the history and current state of the Russian and English pre-school and primary education (in England schooling starts at 4 years age, in Russia – at 6-7 years age), describe the logic of the transition from pre-school to the school education system, analyzing how, by whom and by what professional organisations in England psychological problems of transition are solved.
This article is devoted to different approaches, and points of view on the impact of time constraints on the creative problem solving in the group. We describe the typology of temporal perspective of the individual. In different researches the following issues are described: the impact of larger and smaller time constraints to solving creative problems in the group, the effect of consecutive and simultaneous presentation of the tasks on the effectiveness of group decision in the time constraints.
The article is devoted to the problem of lightness perception. The strength of 3D simultaneous lightness contrast illusions was measured with the method of constant stimuli for thirty seven observers. The virtual reality technique was used to present stereo pairs of different 3D configurations of the illusion. The albedo-hypothesis and the coplanar ratio hypothesis were tested to explain the results. The changes of the illusion strength were consisted with the albedo hypothesis.
So far the question of what is needed to pilots of the flight, has remained arbitrary from the point of view of aviation psychology: some experts supposed that there must be a «qualitative» image of a flight (based on visual image), others were of the opinion that a «quantitative» image of flight is quite sufficient for the pilot (presented in the form of a numerical code or instrument analogue of the flight information). Analysing these various approaches from the position of the activity approach the authors of the article came to the conclusion that the pilots in the process of training have to create both types of image flight, because each of them is used depending on the purposes of activity on a particular flight phase.
The article contains historical and methodological analysis of Russian aviation psychology as a field of psychology. The logic of psychological science development and technical progress in aviation are understood as basic determinants of its formation, brings to a conclusion that contemporary tendencies of development of aviation psychology consist in prevalence of integration over differentiation, the further specialization for battle readiness and fighting capacity of military-air forces.
The paper presents the social problems of Internet addiction.
One of the primary causes of Internet addiction is a rapid increase in using modern Information Technology. Obvious changes in psychological traits of persons who deal with the computer and turning it into an object of psychological research are analysed. On the one hand, the Internet is viewed as one of the issues of the man’s trouble, on the other hand, the Internet contributes to the solution of many problems of modern man.
The article is devoted to the interethnic relations which are vital for multi – and monocultural states engaged in search of ways creating favorable conditions for harmonious interaction of different ethnicities living on one territory. Solution of the given issue involves studying stereotypes and personifications reflected in words by analyzing interethnic relations through the perception of different peoples and ethnic groups, and the reflection of these relations in language.
Personality oriented approach to happiness which is based on the ideas of systemic approach and synthesizes eudaimonic and hedonistic traditions is presented. The questionnaire based on the given theoretical conception is given.
Тhe article describes main semantic components of the image of the world of blind teenagers, reconstructed in the empirical study using the method of fluent graduation of lexical items, which were collected as valid worlds for description of an individual system of meanings and relations with other people of teenagers. The results of mathematical analysis based on the algorithm of multidimensional scaling shown the elicitation of a subject’s consciousness categorical structure and different systems of meanings through which teenagers perceive the world.
In this paper we give the main trends and prospects of development of neuroscience, dealing with the problems of cerebral dysfunction, thinking, memory, perception and information processing. The issues of research of plastic capacity of adult brain, the problems of individual consciousness, decoding of the mechanisms of thinking, new possibilities for cross-cultural researches are considered. .The exciting interdisciplinary researches in the field of stress, distress and various mental and psychosomatic disorders caused by them are emphasized The conclusion is made that psychology cannot develop without close interaction with neuroscience.
The results of the research conducted by the authors in order to identify the characteristics of the psychological content of the internal dialogue in school students and establishing ways to build the inner dialogue in the learning process are shown. This work is based on planned approach to development of conceptual mental activity by P.Y. Galpern.
The article is devoted to the 110th anniversary of the birth of great Russian psychologist Peter Yakovlevich Galperin and the 40th anniversary of the widespread introduction of his planned approach to development of conceptual mental activity in the theory and practice of education and training of the Armed Forces of the USSR and the Russian Federation. The contribution of the scientist to the development of national military psychology in the optimization process of training and education of military employees is emphasized.
Interview with A.I.Podolsky (Professor of Psychology, Head of Developmental Psychology Department of Moscow State Lomonosov University), dedicated to the anniversary of P.Y.Galperin.
Interview with A.G. Asmolov (Professor of Psychology, Head of Personality Psychology Department of Moscow State Lomonosov University), devoted to the 110th anniversary of the birth of P.Y.Galperin
The work of the outstanding scientist P.Y. Galperin as a methodologist of psychological science is analyzed. The methodological principles he developed are presented in a systematic way, their role in building general psychological conception created by him is disclosed, their importance for the production and study of psychological problems in the modern scientific situation is shown.
Report of P.Y. Galperin “The problem of ontogenesis of the human psyche” Peter Yakovlevich Galperin’s report at the seminar in methodological issues, directed by A.N. Leontiev on March 24, 1976
Keywords: Galperin P.Y.;
One of the chapters from the book “Way of thinking: the problem of the historical unity of scientific knowledge” by V.P. Zinchenko (edited by T.G. Shchedrina), published in 2011 is presented. V.P. Zinchenko describes his outstanding teachers, especially about P.Y. Galperin and his colleagues: A.R. Luria, A.N. Leontyev, P.I. Zinchenko and D.B. Elkonin, A.V. Zaporozhets, A.A. Smirnov. The contributions of these outstanding scientists in psychological science are shown on a par with biographical account and their personal traits.
Keywords: history of Russian psychology;
history of psychology;
A.N. Leontiev’s psychological theory of activity;
A.N. Leontiev school;
Russian psychological school;
The paper considers motivation and values of natural geography students. Data on motivation and values of students’ future career and their dynamics from 1st to 5th course is described.
The study of motivation and value orientation of students of chemistry, biology and geography was carried out in the Dniester Moldavian Republic at the Department of Natural Geography of the Dniester Shevchenko State University. The study allowed the development of a psychological support program for the professional development of students at all grade levels in higher school.
The author analyses motivation for choosing a future career and for studying in higher school and their interrelations with valuable students’ orientations are examined. It has significant value during organization of the psychological support actions which are directed to students’ psychological support. The study of value orientations and life spheres revealed that for young people in the early professional development, the most important parts of life are the professional sphere, material well-being and self-development. By the end of training value orientations of students correspond to the social economic relations that are dominant in society: spiritual values that are important at the beginning of training and the values of self-development are replaced by social ones.
The study allows the development of a psychological support program for the professional development of students at all grade levels in high school, which is aimed at supplying them with information, developing motivation and value orientation on the future professional activity and promotes self-awareness in the career they have chosen.