Relevance. The current situation of the pandemic and a number of other crisis situations in modern society have shown the insufficient development of the methodology of clinical psychology which for a long time has been focused on the study of various kinds of clinical groups, the creation of single techniques, individual correction and psychotherapy. As it turned out, such a multidisciplinary and mostly naturalistic organization of clinical psychology does not meet the problems that arise in the modern mass information society, in particular in crisis situations. The study shows that cultural-historical clinical psychology meets criteria of multiple challenges.
The objective of the article is to analyze the possibilities for the development of clinical psychology in a crisis situation of a pandemic, to compare the possibilities and ways of both traditional and cultural-historical psychology to respond to the challenges of new social and cultural realities. Our task in this research was to broadly present the main directions of development of clinical psychology with an orientation towards increasing compliance with the requirements of modern culture.
Results. A number of trends in the development of clinical psychology, its progress in the direction of cultural-historical clinical psychology are outlined. The possibilities of a shift from ascertaining studies to anticipatory and project ones are shown. This type of a shift means moving from the study of facts and data correlations to the study of cultural and historical mechanisms of the formation of disorders and psycho-techniques of corrective and preventive influence. The prospects for the move of culturalhistorical psychology in the direction from the receptive study of clinical groups to the control of the formation of patho-psychological phenomena in large social groups and information spaces are outlined.
Conclusions. A new field of methodological and ontological developments is presented with the aim of creating a systematic applied cultural-historical psychology that can actively and in anticipatory manner answer the questions of modern society and culture. The research has shown the possibility of involving this area of psychological science in solving urgent practical problems arising during the pandemic and other crisis situations.
Keywords: clinical psychology; cultural-historical clinical psychology; constructive psychology; applied psychology; psycho-technics; information society; pandemic
Available Online 30.10.2020
Alfimova M.V. (2018). Modern trends in the development of foreign clinical psychology. Methodological and applied problems of medical (clinical) psychology. Moscow: Sam polygraphist, 28–41.
Allington, D., Duffy, B., Wessely, S., Dhavan, N., & Rubin, J. (2020). Health-protective behaviour, social media usage and conspiracy belief during the COVID-19 public health emergency. Psychological Medicine, Jun 9, 1–7. doi:10.1017/S003329172000224X
Andersson G. (2016) Internet-Delivered Psychological Treatments // Annu. Rev. Clin. Psychol. V. 2, 157–179. doi: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-021815-093006
Bebchuk M.A., Zhuikova E. (2015). Help for the family: psychology of decisions and changes. Moscow: Class, 312 p.
Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 2(395), 912–920. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
Burlakova N.S., Oleshkevich V.I. (2018). Prospects for the integration of social and clinical- psychological objects in the context of the development of a systemic cultural and historical research. Psychological research, 11(62) [site]. Retrieved from: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/179-v11n62/ 1645-burlakova62.html. (accessed 02.08.2020)
Burlakova N.S., Oleshkevich V.I. (2019). The development of applied clinical (medical) psychology in the information society. National psychological journal, 33(1), 68–77. doi 10.11621 / npj.2019.0107
Burlakova N.S., Oleshkevich V.I. (2020). Socio-psychological therapeutic and developmental environment for difficult children: history and modern design possibilities. [Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta]. Series 14. Psycholog, 3. 262–290. doi: 10.11621/vsp.2020.03.12
Cabrera-Nguyen E.P., Cavazos-Rehg P., Krauss M.,Bierut L.J., Moreno M.A. (2016). Young adults’ exposure to alcohol- and marijuana-related content on Twitter. J. of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 77(2). 349–353. doi: 10.15288/jsad.2016.77.349
Cao W, Z Fang, G Hou, M Han, X Xu, J Dong, et al. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287, Article 112934. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112934 (1996). Doctor-patient: communication and interaction. Geneva; Amsterdam; Kiev: WHO, 55 p.
Emelin V.A., Tkhostov A.Sh. (2013). The Babylonian Network: Erosion of Truth and Diffusion of Identity in the Internet Space. [Problemi Philosophii], 1, 74–84.
Feldshtein D.I. (2010). Psychological and pedagogical problems of building a new school in the context of significant changes in the child and the situation of his development. Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2, 98–104.
Gergen K.J. (2016). Social construction in context. Kharkov: Gumanitarnii Center, 328 p. Guvakov V.I., Komarova N.A. (1986). Problems of humanitarization of medical knowledge. [Problemi gumanitarnogo poznaniya]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 202–211.
Holmes EA, RC O’Connor, VH Perry, I Tracey, S Wessely, L Arseneault, et al. (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. Lancet Psychiatry, 7 (6), 54–560, doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1 vJefee-Bahloul H,Barkil-Oteo A, Augusterfer EF, eds. (2017). Telemental health in Resource-Limited Global Settings. Oxford University Press, 15–32. doi: 10.1093/med/9780190622725.001.0001
Judge A., Sossong A. (2019). Sexting and Cyberbullying in the Developmental Context: Use and Misuse of Digital Media and Implications for Parenting // Ed. Beresin E., Olson C. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the Media. Elsevier. 23–38. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-323-54854-0.00003-5
Lauckner C., Whitten P. (2016). The state and sustainability of telepsychiatry programs. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 43(2), 305–318. doi: 10.1007/s11414-015-9461-z
Leff J., Williams G., Huckvale M., Arbuthnot M., Leff A.P. (2014). Avatar therapy for persecutory hallucinations: what is itand how does it work? Psychosys, 6(2), 166–176. doi: 10.1080/17522439.2013.773457
Li J, Z Yang, H Qiu, Y Wang, L Jian, J Ji, et al. (2020). Anxiety and depression among general population in China at the peak of the COVID-19 epidemic. World Psychiatry, 19 (2), 249–250. doi: 10.1002/wps.20758
Li Y., Y Wang, J Jiang, UA Valdimarsdóttir, K Fall, F Fang, et al. (2020). Psychological distress among health professional students during the COVID-19 outbreak. Psychological Medicine, 11, 1–3. doi: 10.1017/S0033291720001555
Liang L , H Ren, R Cao, Y Hu, Z Qin, C Li, et al. (2020). The effect of COVID-19 on Youth mental health. Psychiatr. Quarterly, 91, pp. 841–852. doi: 10.1007/s11126-020-09744-3.
Meersand P. (2017). Early latency and the impact of the digital world: exploring the effect of technological games on evolving ego capacities, superego development, and peer relationships. Psychoanal. Study Child, 70(1), 117–129. doi: 10.1080/00797308.2016.1277883
Oleshkevich V.I. (2019). Psychology as psychotechnics. Moscow: Yurayt, 2019.
Oleshkevich V.I. (2020).Psychology, psychotherapy and social pedagogy of A. Adler. Moscow: Yurayt, 2020.
Optican A., Cavazos-Rehg P. (2019). Addicted media: Substances on Screen // Ed. Beresin E., Olson C. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the Media.
Elsevier, 61–74. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-323-54854-0.00006-0 Pechnikova L.S., Oleshkevich V.I. (2018)/ Cultural-historical and psycho-technical analysis of the problems of social and psychological assistance to families with relatives guardianship // Psychological problems of the modern family. Materials of the VIII international scientific and practical conference. Yekaterinburg: Ural State Pedagogical University, 694–700.
Pervichko E.I., Mitina O.B., Stepanova O.B. et al. (2020). Perception of covid-19 by the population of Russia in the context of the 2020 pandemic. [Klinicheskaya I sotsial’naya psychologiya], 9(2), 119–146. doi: 10.17759/cpse.2020090206 Pocheptsov G.G. (2000). Psychological wars. Moscow: Refl-book; Kiev: Vakler, 524 p.
Rasskazova E.I., Emelin V.A., Tkhostov A.Sh. (2020). Categorical ideas about the causes, manifestations and consequences of coronavirus: psychological content and connection with behavior. [Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta] Series 14. Psychology, 2, 62–82. doi: 10.11621/vsp.2020.02.04
Smyslova O.V., Voiskunsky A.E. (2019). Cyber disease in virtual reality systems: phenomenology and measurement methods. [Psychologicheskii Zhurnal], 10(4), 85–94. doi: 10.31857 / S020595920005473-6
Sun N, S Shi, D Jiao, R Song, L Ma, H Wang, et al. (2020). A qualitative study on the psychological experience of caregivers of COVID-19 patients. Am. J. Infect. Control, 48(6), 592–598. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2020.03.018
Tkhostov A.Sh., Surnov K.G. (2005). The influence of modern technologies on personality development and the formation of pathological forms of adaptation: the reverse side. [Psychologicheskii Zhurnal], 26(6), 16–24.
Uryvaev V.A. (2018). Department of Medical Psychology at a Medical University: a perspective view. Methodological and applied problems of medical (clinical) psychology: collective. monograph . Moscow: Sam polygraphist, 58–66.
Vygotsky L.S. (1983–1984). Collected Works. In 6 vols. Moscow: Pedagogika.
Zhou S.J , LG Zhang, LL Wang, ZC Guo, JQ Wang, JC Chen, et al. (2020). Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. Eur. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 29(6), 1–10, doi: 10.1007/s00787-020-01541-4
Zinchenko Yu.P., Menshikova G.Ya., Bayakovsky Yu.M., Chernorizov A.M., Voiskunsky A.E. (2010). Virtual reality technologies: methodological aspects, achievements and prospects. National psychological journal, 1(3), 54–62.
Burlakova N.S., Oleshkevich V.I. (2020). Applied Cultural-Historical Psychology in Front of Current Challenges. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 13(3), 3–12. doi: 10.11621/ npj.2020.030