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Kuznetsova S.O., Abramova A.А., Efremov A.G., Enikolopov S.N. (2019). The study of the auto-aggressive behaviour in individuals who survived sexual abuse in childhood. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], (12)3, 88–100.

Abstract

Background. In modern psychological research, auto-aggression and self-harming behavior occupies the leading position. Many researchers point out direct correlations of childhood-related violence with later auto-aggressive behaviour and other forms of abuse.

The Objective of this research is an empirical study of the relationship between sexual abuse in childhood and subsequent eating disorders, suicidal thoughts and dissatisfaction with the body image in adulthood.

Design. The following methods have been used: the method of recording eating disorders (short form) (Morgan JF et al., 1999), The Body Satisfaction Scale, The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire: Short form (2003), The Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation Inventory (1998). The sample consisted of 113 people. Average age = 19.9 years (standard deviation = 5.2): 104 females (average age = 19.8 years, standard deviation = 5.1) and 9 males (average age = 18.6; standard deviation = 4.1).

Results. The auto-aggressors who rienced sexual abuse in childhood tend to report on other negative aspects of their experience statistically much more often (p<0.05) than auto-aggressors without sexual abuse: emotional abuse of a child by adults, emotional neglect of a child by significant adults, physical (non-sexual) violence by adults, physical neglect (abandonment of a child). The results showed that autoagressors with childhood sexual abuse more often report about eating disorders than autoagressors without sexual abuse.

Conclusions. The study focuses on the influence of childhood sexual abuse on the occurrence of self-harming behavior in adulthood, and also considers the sexual abuse as a risk factor for other negative behavioural manifestations associated with auto-aggression.The results can be used for prevention, correction and psychotherapeutic work both with children and adolescents, and also with adults.

Received: 08/13/2019
Accepted: 09/10/2019
Pages: 88-100
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2019.0310

By: ; ;

Sections: Health Psychology;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no35-2019/npj_no35_2019_088-100.pdf

Keywords: auto-aggressive behaviour; sexual abuse; eating disorders; body image;

Available Online 20.10.2019

Table 1. Type of Self-Harm

Self-harm

N

Cuts

100% (n=113)

Scorch

50,4% (n=57)

Kicks

64, 6% (n=73)

Scratching

77% (n=87)

Scalding

13,3% (n=15)

Other

36,3% (n=41)

Table 2. Frequency of Self-Harm

Frequency of Self-Harm

N

Daily

22,1% (n=25)

Weekly

46,9% (n=53)

Monthly

16,8% (n=19)

Less than once per month

14,4% (n=16)

N of types of self-harm used by 1 subject

One

17,7% (n=20)

Two

19,5% (n=22)

Three

24,8% (n=28)

Four

12,4% (n=14)

Five

19,5% (n=22)

Six

6,2% (n=7)

Table 3. Mean value on the studied scales in autoagressors who survived sexual abuse in childhood and autoaggressors without sexual abuse in childhood

Indicator

Autoagressors who survived sexual abuse in childhood

Autoaggressors without sexual abuse in childhood

Value

Mean

St.Dev.

Mean

St.Dev.

Dissatisfaction with the image of the body

79,64

20,87

67,40

16,18

0,022

Eating Disorders

2,95

1,73

2,01

1,48

0,017

Emotional Neglect

16,55

4,43

14,25

4,49

0,022

Emotional Abuse

19

4,26

13,08

5,29

0,001

Physical neglect

12,59

3,55

9,03

3,31

0,001

Physical Violence

13,14

6,78

7,57

4,01

<0,001

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For citing this article:

Kuznetsova S.O., Abramova A.А., Efremov A.G., Enikolopov S.N. (2019). The study of the auto-aggressive behaviour in individuals who survived sexual abuse in childhood. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], (12)3, 88–100.

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