ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
Ru | En
Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Main RSS Search


Shabelnikov V.K. (2017). The logic and mechanisms of the develpimg mental processes in P.Ya. Galperin’s theory. National Psychological Journal. 3, 56-61.


The paper presents P.Ya. Galperin’s ideas of the psychological content of interiorization. P.Ya. Galperin considered the psyche as subject’s orienting activity and defined its functional role in the subject’s human activity. The internal orienting activity retains structural similarity with practical activities. The internal plan of activity is deemed as a «reserve field» that is necessary for testing actions in certain situations and disclosing the conditions for implementing them. The mental image arises as a component of activity, represents the features of objects being necessary for orientation and construction of actions. P.Ya. Galperin distinguishes features of two types of situations: where the psyche is not the primary matter and where the psyche is the primary matter. The principal ideas of the gradual development of mental actions theory and the method of directed development of mental processes as a re-creation of the logic of mental phenomena that reveal the psychological content of interiorization are discussed. The author justifies the concept of «subject logic of developed actions» that objectively dictates the logic of organizing not only cognitive, but also mental processes.

Received: 07/14/2017
Accepted: 07/31/2017
Pages: 56-61
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2017.0307

Sections: General Psychology;


Keywords: internalization; orienting activity; theory of planned stage-by-stage formation of mental actions; method of directed develppment; subject logic of developed actions;

Available Online 10.10.2017


Clarke, Sherice N., Howley, Iris, Resnick, Lauren, & Penstein Rosé, Carolyn (2016) Student agency to participate in dialogic science discussions. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 10, 27–39 (September). doi: 10.1016/j.lcsi.2016.01.002

Enqvist-Jensen, Cecilie, Nerland, Monika, & Rasmussen, Ingvill (2017) Maintaining doubt to keep problems open for exploration: An analysis of law students’ collaborative work with case assignments. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 13, 38–49 (June). doi: 10.1016/j.lcsi.2017.02.001

Galperin, P.Ya. (1959) Developing research on mental actions. [Psikhologicheskajya nauka v SSSR], Vol. 1. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo APN RSFSR.

Galperin, P.Ya. (1976) Introduction to psychology. Moscow.

Galperin, P.Ya. (1988) Lectures on psychology. Moscow.

Galperin, P.Ya. (1995) Psychology as an objective science. Moscow.

Gardiner Claire M. (2016) Legitimizing processes: Barriers and facilitators for experienced Newcomers’ entry transitions to knowledge practices. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 11, 105–116 (December). doi: 10.1016/j.lcsi.2016.06.002

Kiemer, Katharina, Gröschner, Alexander, Pehmer, Ann-Kathrin, & Seidel, Tina (2015) Effects of a classroom discourse intervention on teachers’ practice and students’ motivation to learn mathematics and science. Learning and Instruction, 35, 94–103 (February). doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2014.10.003

Lam, Shui-fong, Wing-yi Cheng, Rebecca & Choy, Harriet C. (2010) School support and teacher motivation to implement project-based learning. Learning and Instruction, 20(6), 487–497. doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.07.003

Leontiev, A.N. (1977) Activity. Consciousness. Personality. Moscow.

Mercer, Neil & Howe, Christine (2012) Explaining the dialogic processes of teaching and learning: The value and potential of sociocultural theory. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 1(1), 12–21 (March). doi: 10.1016/j.lcsi.2012.03.001

Newell, A. & Simon, H. (1972) Human problem solving. Englewood cliffs, N.J. Prentice-Hall.

Rosenthal, T.L., & Zimmerman, B.J. (1978) Social learning and cognition. N.Y., Academic Press.

Rubinshtein, S.L. (2009) Fundamentals of General Psychology. Moscow.

Shabelnikov, V.K. & Galperin, P.Ya. (2015) The principle of activity in the educational process. [Pedagogicheskoe myshlenie: napravleniya, problemy, poiski: kollektivnaya monografiya]. Moscow, Russkoe Slovo, 396–402.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (1973) On visual recognition in senior preschoolers. [Voprosy teoreticheskoy i prikladnoy psikhologii], Leningrad, LGU, 60–62.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (1976) Conditions for a motive for learning activities in senior preschoolers. [Problemy periodizatsii razvitiya psikhiki v ontogeneze], Moscow, 26–28.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (1980) Development and psychological mechanism of simultaneous categorization. [Samosoznanie, rech’ i myshlenie], Alma-Ata, KazPi, 3–16.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (1982) Developing rapid thinking (psychological mechanisms of «direct» understanding): monograph. Alma-Ata, Mektep, 152.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (2006) Subject and subjectivity of the determinative world in the concepts of psychology. [Metodologiya i istoriya psikhologii], 1, 23–40.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (2007) Social determination of the psyche and arbitrariness of the experimenter in Galperin’s method of gradual development of mental actions. [Metodologiya i istoriya psikhologii], 1, 100–105.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (2012) The unraveled and unsolved mysteries of mental actions. [Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta]. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 53–73.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (2013) History of psychology. Psychology of the soul: textbook for high schools. Moscow, Akademicheskiy Proekt.

Shabelnikov, V.K. (2015) Developing mental actions - a way to perceiving self-organizing functional systems. [Vestnik RGGU]. Series «Psychology. Pedagogy. Education», 2, 62–79.

Shabelnikov, V.K. Functional psychology. Developing psychological systems: textbook. Moscow, Akademicheskiy proekt, 592.

Shabelnikov, V.K., & Shabelnikov, I.V. (2011) The method of studying subconscious intentions in consciousness of individuals. [Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa], 2, 174–187.

Shabelnikov, V.K., Mukhametzyanova, F.G., Osmina, E.V., Korzhova, E.Yu., & Rudykhina, O.V. Reflections and ideas of the phenomenon of subjectivity in various educational spaces. Kazan, TISBI, 252.

van Gennip, Nanine, A.E, Segers, Mien S.R., &. Tillema, Harm H (2010) Peer assessment as a collaborative learning activity: The role of interpersonal variables and. Learning and Instruction, 20(4), 280-290 (August). doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.08.010

Vygotsky, L.S. (1983) Collected works. In 6 vols. Vol. 3. Moscow

Wollach, M.A., & Kogan, N.A. (1965) A new look at the creativity – intelligence distinction. Journal of Personality. 33, 348–369. doi: 10.1111/j.1467- 6494.1965.tb01391.x

For citing this article:

Shabelnikov V.K. (2017). The logic and mechanisms of the develpimg mental processes in P.Ya. Galperin’s theory. National Psychological Journal. 3, 56-61.

About Editorial Board Volumes Authors For Authors Indexing Contacts

National Psychological Journal, 2006 - 2022