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Korobeynikova E.Yu., Leonov S.V., Polikanova I.S. (2017). Psychological features of attention in archery. National Psychological Journal. 2, 35-45

Abstract

The issue of attention is one of the leading in sports psychology. Quite often, athletes’ failures in competitions are ultimately connected with the attention processes, i.e. distraction, switching or loss of concentration. Simultaneously, each particular kind of sport is distinguished by a specific competitive situation and accordingly presents a number of requirements to athletes, including attention features. Archery is no exception. Thus, in shooting sports, concentration and stability of attention are often deemed as the most significant features of attention.

The paper is devoted to the study of the attention dynamic properties in archers. Attention features of athletes were assessed depending on the sports major, gender, age, experience and level of competence. 65 archers from different regions of Russia took part in the study, including 34 males and 31 females, the average age being 16.29 ± 1.74. Experience ranges from 1 year to 8 years, average experience is 4.46 ± 1.93.

The research results showed that archers are characterized by high indicators of stability of attention, and also high efficiency of solving attention problems. The professional success of archery was associated with the ability to distribute attention when necessary. At the same time, there were no significant differences in the features of attention for recurved and compound archers, which indicates the uniformity of tasks related to attention in the sporting practice of archers. Summing up, it is necessary to include skills in the distribution of attention in the program of psychological training of archers.

Received: 05/18/2017
Accepted: 05/27/2017
Pages: 35-45
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2017.0205

Sections: Sport Psychology;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no26-2017/national_2017_2_5.pdf

Keywords: sport psychology; attention in sports; attention properties; archery;

Available Online 28.06.2017


Fig. 1. Efficiency of «blindness to change» method


Fig 2. Efficiency of Landolt (broken) rings test


Fig. 3. The influence of age on memory effectiveness


Fig. 4. The influence of age on «slowdown 5->20» indicator


Fig. 5. The influence of experience on «slowdown 5->20» indicator

Table 1. Method indicators by gender

 

Males

Females

Mean Value

Standard Divergent

Mean Value

Standard Divergent

Working time used by Landolt (broken) rings test

563,68*

153,81

493,47*

147,77

Attention concentration index for Landolt (broken) rings test

89,08**

20,75

104,60**

23,41

Pace for Landolt (symbols per minute) rings test

101,48*

22,87

116,65*

26,34

* Differences are significant at 0,05

** Differences are significant at 0,01

Table 2. Method values in archers of different age

The Younger

The Older

Mean Value

Standard Divergent

Mean Value

Standard Divergent

Slowdown 5->20 for "blindness to change" method

2.85*

0.50

3.40*

0.97

* Differences are significant at 0,05

Table 3. Method values in archers with different levels of professional success

Russian Region Team

Russian Team

 

Mean Value

Standard Divergent

Mean Value

Standard Divergent

Number of mistakes for "red-black tables" method

3,50*

2,04

2,38*

2,40

Reaction for "red-black tables" method

4,79*

0,82

4,26*

0,98

* Differences are significant at 0,05

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For citing this article:

Korobeynikova E.Yu., Leonov S.V., Polikanova I.S. (2017). Psychological features of attention in archery. National Psychological Journal. 2, 35-45

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