ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
Ru | En
Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Main RSS Search

MainArticlesVolumes

Molchanov S.V., Almazova O.V., Poskrebysheva N.N., Zapunidi A.A. (2017). Personal autonomy as factor of developing responsibility in adolescence. National Psychological Journal. 1, 84-90.

Abstract

The paper describes the research results of relationship between personal autonomy and responsibility level in adolescence. The theoretical idea of unity of freedom and responsibility can be regarded as link between personal autonomy and level of responsibility in adolescence. The hypothesis of correlation between level of responsibility and autonomy in adolescence is realized. The sample includes 368 school students aged from 13 to 17, Moscow, Russia. The questionnaire to diagnose autonomy defines emotional, cognitive, intellectual and behavioural components of autonomy. The second questionnaire describes the responsibility level using the example of different moral dilemmas. The results of the empirical research describe the hypothesis on the relationship between personal autonomy and level of responsibility. Personal autonomy includes value, emotional, cognitive and behavioural components. Cluster groups with different levels of autonomy are defined: high autonomy, intellectual autonomy, low autonomy and disharmonic type of autonomy. Higher level of a number of autonomy components correlates with higher level of responsibility. Analysis of moral norm deviation shows that type and content of moral dilemma play an important role in responsibility acceptance. Gender differences in level of responsibility is defined in the following way: females show higher level of responsibility than males.

Received: 02/07/2017
Accepted: 02/24/2017
Pages: 84-90
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2017.0110

Sections: Developmental Psychology;

PDF:

Keywords: responsibility; adolescence; personality autonomy; moral-value orientation; emotional autonomy; cognitive autonomy; value autonomy; behavioral autonomy;

Available Online 30.03.2017

Fig. 1. Cluster centers based on the autonomy questionnaire

Table 1. Psychometric characteristics of the autonomy questionnaire

Scale

Mean Value

Standard Divergent Value

Min

Max

Emotional Autonomy

3.41

.68

1.67

5.00

Cognitive Autonomy

3.54

.70

1.33

5.00

Behavioural Autonomy

3.22

.65

1.67

5.00

Value Autonomy

3.51

.65

1.33

5.00

Table 2. Cluster centers based on the autonomy questionnaire

Scale

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Type 4

Emotional Autonomy

4.14

3.67

3.17

2.77

Cognitive Autonomy

4.29

3.41

4.03

2.77

Behavioural Autonomy

4.02

3.05

3.40

2.72

Value Autonomy

3.96

3.80

3.15

3.10

Total

69

125

79

96

Table 3. Types of autonomy in males and females

Autonomy Type

Total

Highly Autonomy

Disharmonic Type of Autonomy

Intellectual Autonomy

Low Autonomy

Sex

M

34

54

43

53

184

F

35

71

36

43

185

Total

69

125

79

96

369

Table 4. Cluster centers based on the autonomy questionnaire

Scale

Type 1

Type 2

Type 3

Responsibility in Situation 1

2

2

1

Responsibility in Situation 2

2

2

1

Responsibility in Situation 3

3

3

3

Responsibility in Situation 4

2

2

2

Responsibility in Situation 5

3

1

1

Responsibility in Situation 6

3

2

2

Responsibility in Situation 7

3

3

2

Responsibility in Situation 8

3

3

2

Total

83

99

132

Table 5. Types of responsibility in males and females

Responsibility

Total

High

Medium

Low

Sex

M

38 (25%)

41 (28%)

70 (47%)

149 (100%)

F

45 (27%)

58 (35%)

62 (38%)

165 (100%)

Total

83

99

132

314

References:

Asmolov, A.G. (1996) Cultural historical psychology and the construction of worlds. Moscow.

Bakhtin M.M. (1986) To the philosophy of action. Philosophy and sociology of science and technology. Moscow.

Beckert, Tr. E. (2005) Fostering Autonomy in Adolescents: a Model of Cognitive Autonomy and Self-Evaluation. Utah State University Paper presented at the American Association of Behavioral and Social Sciences. Las Vegas, Nevada.

Eisenberg, N. (1986) Altruistic emotion, cognition, and behavior. Hillsdale.

El’konin, D.B. (1989) Selected psychological works. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Pedagogika.

Erickson, E. (1996) Identity: youth and crisis. Moscow, Izdatel’skaya gruppa «Progress».

Haviv, S., & Leman, P.J. (2002) Moral decision-making in real life: factors affecting moral orientation and behavior justification. Journal of moral education. Vol. 32, 2, 121-140. doi: 10.1080/03057240220143241

Helkama, K. (2004) Values, role-taking and empathy in moral development. Nouvelle revue do psychologie sociale. Vol. 3, 1-2. 103-111.

Karabanova, O.A. (2005) Developmentsl psychology. Lecture notes: Textbook. Moscow, Iris Press.

Kohlberg, L. (1984) Essays on moral development. Vol. 2. In Kolhberg L. (eds.) The psychology of moral development. San-Francisco, Harper & Row, 580.

Molchanov, S.V. (2011) Morality of justice and morality of care: foreign and domestic approaches to moral development. [Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta]. Series 14, Psychology. 2, 59-72

Molchanov, S.V., Poskrebysheva, N.N., Zapunidi, A.A., & Markina, O. S. (2015) Development of personal autonomy as a condition for the formation of a teenager’s orientation in the moral sphere. [Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya]. Vol. 11, 4, 22-29.

Molchanov, S.V., & Markina, O.S. (2014) Dynamics of moral orientation in younger adolescent, adolescent and adolescent youth. [Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie]. Vol. 6, 4, 134-146.

Muzdybaev, K. (2012) Psychology of responsibility. Moscow, Librocom.

Poskrebysheva, N.N., & Karabanova, O.A. (2014) The study of the personal autonomy of a teenager in the context of the social situation of development. National psychological journal. 4 (16), 34-41. doi: 10.11621/npj.2014.0404

Poskrebysheva, N.N., & Karabanova, O.A. (2014) An Infant Psychological Approach in the Study of the Personal Autonomy of an Adolescent. National Psychological Journal. 1 (13), 72-83. doi: 10.11621/npj.2014.0108

Rest, J.R. (1986) Moral development: advances in research and theory. New York, Praeger.

Turiel, E. (1983) The development of social knowledge: Morality and convention. UK, Cambridge University Press, 350.

Vygotsky, L.S. (2000) Psychology. Moscow.

Yakobson, S.G. (1984) Psychological problems of the ethical development of children. Moscow.

Zimmer-Gembeck, M.J., & Collins W.A. (2003) Autonomy Development during Adolescence. Blackwell Handbook of Adolescence. (Eds.) G.R. Adams, & M.D. Berzonsky. 175-204.

For citing this article:

Molchanov S.V., Almazova O.V., Poskrebysheva N.N., Zapunidi A.A. (2017). Personal autonomy as factor of developing responsibility in adolescence. National Psychological Journal. 1, 84-90.

About Editorial Board Volumes Authors For Authors Indexing Contacts
CC BY-NC

National Psychological Journal, 2006 - 2022