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Bespalov, B.I. (2021) Analysis of Ergonomic Notions by V.P. Zinchenko and V.M. Munipov from the Standpoint of the Theory of Human-World Interaction Acts, National Psychological Journal [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 4 (44), 39–52. doi: 10.11621/npj.2021.0405

Abstract

Purpose and relevance of the article. The article is dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the birth of the founders of Russian ergonomics V.M. Munipov and V.P. Zinchenko, under whose guidance the author of the article studied and worked for a long time. The notions of “Human — Machine” system” and “human factor” are considered from the standpoint of the theory of acts of psychological interaction of people with the world developed by the author of the article. This made it possible to fill these notions with new psychological content, as well as briefl y describe the basic notions in the theory of acts.

Results. The interaction of the components of the world is considered as a kind of relationship between them, which includes their impact on each other and possibly on themselves. The ratio “А impacts on B” is identified with the ratio “A changes B in some direction”. Different directions in which the interacting components may change are related with the properties of these components that change in their values. The act of psychological interaction of a person with the components of the world is active on the part of this person, meaningful by him, mediated by the images of its components, is relatively complete and directed on achieving the results that someone needs, and also has a beginning on the timeline. Components of such an act include its objects and subjects, the activity of subjects, their meanings, properties and states, goals and motives, objects and means, tools and signs, conditions and ways (methods) of carrying out acts, processes and results, etc. The notions about these components are defined constructively (based on the previously introduced notions), as well as taking into account the functions of components in the activity of the subject. Different relations between the components of the act, which turn it into a psychological functional system are described.

Conclusions. It is shown that such a theoretical model of a psychological act can serve as a conceptual tool for the study and ergonomic design of any work acts of operators in “Human — Machine” systems.

Received: 12/05/2021
Accepted: 12/20/2021
Pages: 53-62
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2021.0405

Sections: Social Psychology;

PDF: Download

Keywords: “Human — Machine” systems, human factors; acts of psychological interaction of people with the world

Available Online 30.12.2021

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For citing this article:

Bespalov, B.I. (2021) Analysis of Ergonomic Notions by V.P. Zinchenko and V.M. Munipov from the Standpoint of the Theory of Human-World Interaction Acts, National Psychological Journal [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], 4 (44), 39–52. doi: 10.11621/npj.2021.0405

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