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Bukhalenkova D.A., Karabanova O.A. (2018) Features of self-esteem in adolescents with different understanding of success. National Psychological Journal. 3, 148-157.

Abstract

Background. The paper deals with understanding success in terms of generation value gap, transitivity and high social uncertainty as a component of self-determination of an individual acquires particular relevance, determining the vector of a person’s personal development.

The Objective of this research is to study the ideas of modern adolescents about success linked with self-esteem and assessment of their own success in significant spheres of life, i.e. education career and interpersonal relations. The study is based on the assumption that the notions of success as self-development will be associated with a higher level of self-esteem and assessment of success in adolescents.

Design. The study involved 500 adolescents (291 girls and 209 young men), students of the 10th and 11th grades of schools and gymnasiums (average age 16 years), Moscow, Russia. To study the ideas of adolescents about success, Adolescent Representations of Success (ARS) questionnaire was developed. To study the self-esteem of adolescents, the method of Dembo-Rubinstein was used in the modification A.M. Prihozhan, as well as a purposefully designed questionnaire to study indirect evaluation of success.

Results Three models of success that characterize the attitude of adolescents to the success are identified: success as social recognition, success as fulfillment of external social requirements, and success as self-development and self-actualization. The differences in the self-esteem of adolescents with different ideas about success are revealed.

Conclusion. The research confirmed the hypothesis and showed that varying perception of success in adolescents is closely related to self-esteem and evaluation of their own success. Understanding success as self-development and self-actualization is associated with a higher level of self-esteem and assessment of own success which promotes psychological well-being in general. Adolescents who share a model of success as fulfillment of external social requirements associate success with achieving goals with overcoming obstacles and satisfaction with results and place value on luck. For adolescents who are focused on the model of success as social recognition it is typical to place value on their personal authority among the peers, thus having high assessment rates of their success as a whole.

Received: 09/03/2018
Accepted: 09/16/2018
Pages: 148-157
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2018.0314

By: ; ;

Sections: Developmental Psychology; Psychology in Education;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no31-2018/npj_no31_2018_148-157.pdf

Keywords: adolescence; success; sociability; self-evaluation; personality self-realization;

Available Online 30.09.2018

Fig. 1. Differences in real self-esteem in adolescents with different understanding of success.

Table1. Focal points according to the ARS method for three types of representations

 Features of Success

Model of success as social recognition

Model of success as fulfillment of external social requirements

Model of success as self-development and self-actualization

Kruskal — Wallis test, significance point

1.      Luck

2.42

2.19

2.46

2.119. 0.347

2.      Popularity in society, fame

2.94

1.49

1.86

89.186, 0.000

3.      Recognition of reputable, meaningful people

3.18

1.92

2.58

49.371, 0.000

4.      Goal achievement

3.65

3.06

3.87

62.709, 0.000

5.      Satisfaction of the work process

2.47

1.64

3.57

147.725, 0.000

6.      Job satisfaction

3.01

2.26

3.75

107.719, 0.000

7.      Feeling of well-deserved happiness, joy

2.83

2.02

3.53

91.977, 0.000

8.      Overcoming obstacles

3.09

2.28

3.55

65.252, 0.000

9.      Personal growth, self-improvement

3.32

2.11

3.74

105.141, 0.000

10.  Using  abilities, skills and knowledge in activities

3.07

1.87

3.61

116.713, 0.000

11.  Happiness

2.35

1.81

3.41

97.509, 0.000

Total number of people

139

53

207

 

Table 2. Comparison of the subjective success of adolescents with a different understanding of success

 

Adolescents with  understanding of success as social recognition

Adolescents with fulfillment of external social requirements

Adolescents with success as self-development and self-actualization

Overall feeling of success

1. I consider myself a successful person

3.15

2.68

3.14

16. My friends think I am successful

3.21

2.94

3.33

Evaluation of success at school

4.  I am successful in academic studies

3.25

2.92

3.34

8. My teachers mark my progress

3.00

2.75

3.23

12. I really want to achieve great success in school (work)

4.40

4.04

4.56

Evaluation of success in personal life

10. I am satisfied with my personal life

3.18

3.04

3.42

3. I really want to succeed in my personal life

4.11

3.68

4.40

Evaluation of success in friendship

13. I consider myself a good friend

3.86

3.68

4.02

6. It's very important for me to be a good friend

4.24

4.04

4.50

Evaluation of success in society

15. Success in the team is extremely important to me

3.24

2.74

3.24

18 I enjoy success in the team

3.16

2.69

3.13

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For citing this article:

Bukhalenkova D.A., Karabanova O.A. (2018) Features of self-esteem in adolescents with different understanding of success. National Psychological Journal. 3, 148-157.

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