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Karapetyan L.V., Glotova G.A. (2018) Structural model of emotional and personal well-being. National Psychological Journal, 11(2), 46–56

Abstract

Background. The paper is devoted to the development of a new approach to the study of a person's well/ill-being. Changes in economy, politics and geopolitics, social sphere in Russia and the entire world have resulted in emerging features of modern life that significantly affect the well-being of a person. In this regard, psychology interest in this issue is rising. In Western psychology, two theoretical constructs of "subjective well-being" and "psychological well-being" are clearly differentiated, and the toolkit to correspond each construct is created. However, in the national psychological science, there is a variety of terms with borrowed foreign psychodiagnostical tools.

The Objective of this research is to develop a concept of emotional well-being of a person based on the integration of existing foreign and national psychology approaches to the study of well-being within a new theoretical construct and structural model, and also transforming the models in the research tool and its empirical verification.

The paper considers emotional well-being of a person as an entire existential condition of harmony between the inner and outer world, initiated throughout the living process, activity and communication of a human.

Design. Conducting a pilot study based on the sample of 117 subjects and the analysis of reference literature allowed to build the theoretical construct of "emotional well-being of a person" that includes nine parameters: the three of them include the positive emotional component of well-being, other three ones include positive personal component of well-being, and three components indicate ill-being. These parameters lie in the basis of the research methods for self-evaluation of emotional well-being" (SEEWB) carried out using the sample of 2,229 subjects.

Conclusion. The cluster analysis identified and described groups of respondents in terms of self-evaluation of emotional well-being. The results obtained can be used both in research and in practical activities of a psychologist for diagnosing and optimizing the level of emotional and personal well-being.

Received: 11/14/2017
Accepted: 12/07/2017
Pages: 46-56
DOI: doi: 10.11621/npj.2018.0206

Sections: Health Psychology;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no30-2018/npj_no30_2018_046-056.pdf

Keywords: subjective well-being; psychological well-being; emotional and personal well-being; structural model; methods of self-evaluation of emotional well-being (SEEWB);

Available Online 01.08.2018


Fig. 1. Model for studying emotional and personal well-being


Fig. 2. Individual profiles of respondents with a severe negative (a) and severe positive (b) SEEWB.

Table 1. Answers with Well-Being

Category

Number of Answers

%

Optimism

75

64,10

Reliability

60

51,28

Happiness

54

46,15

Competency

53

45,30

Success

53

45,30

Luck

47

40,17

Total

342

-

The sum total of the answers exceeds 100% (n = 117) as the respondents were allowed to indicate several answers

Table 2. Answers with Ill-Being

Category

Number of Answers

%

Unhappiness

69

58,97

Pessimism

60

51,28

Envy

40

34,19

Total

169

-

The sum total of the answers exceeds 100% (n = 117) as the respondents were allowed to indicate several answers

Table 3. Descriptive statistics of SEPWB methodology mono-scales (n=2229)

Happy

Lucky

Optimistic

Successful

Competent

Reliable

Pessimistic

Unlucky

Envious

M

4.76

4.48

5.31

4.52

4.89

5.71

2.30

2.09

1.63

R (parameter rank)

4

6

2

5

3

1

7

8

9

σ

1.717

1.608

1.626

1.537

1.441

1.324

1.502

1.485

1.055

Me

5.00

5.00

6.00

5.00

5.00

6.00

2.00

2.00

1.00

Mo

5

5

7

5

5

7

1

1

1

Аs

-.613

-.360

-.863

-.544

-.605

-1.185

1.194

1.583

2.202

Ех

-.343

-.479

.025

-.137

.103

1.308

.835

2.063

5.858

Min

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Max

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

Table 4. Mean values of SEPWB methodology mono-scales

Me now

Group with severe positive (SP) SEPWB (М)

Group with mild positive (MP) SEPWB (М)

Group with mild negative (MN) SEPWB (М)

Group with severe negative (SN) SEPWB (М)

Happy

6.14

5.45

4.51

2.79

Lucky

6.01

4.81

4.49

2.81

Optimistic

6.54

5.68

4.58

4.42

Successful

5.99

4.99

4.55

2.63

Competent

6.13

5.07

4.89

3.71

Reliable

6.58

5.76

5.68

5.04

Pessimistic

1.23

1.93

3.72

2.49

Unlucky

1.15

1.44

2.88

3.24

Envious

1.12

1.42

2.76

1.38

Table 5. Mean values reliability (Kolmogorov-Smirnov criterion. p<0.05) of mono-scale indicators for groups with different types of SEPWB

Me now

SP – MP

SP – MN

SP – SN

MP – MN

MP – SN

MN – SN

Happy

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

Lucky

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

Optimistic

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

Successful

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

Competent

.000

.000

.000

.043

.000

.000

Reliable

.000

.000

.000

.383

.000

.000

Pessimistic

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

Unlucky

.000

.000

.000

.000

.000

.001

Envious

.000

.000

.000

.000

.388

.000

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For citing this article:

Karapetyan L.V., Glotova G.A. (2018) Structural model of emotional and personal well-being. National Psychological Journal, 11(2), 46–56

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