ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
Ru | En
Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Main RSS Search

MainArticlesVolumes

Belobrykina O.A., Limonchenko R.A. (2017). Features of experiencing psychological problems in deviant adolescents. National Psychological Journal, 4, 129–138

Abstract

Background Experience as a psychological phenomenon is a subjective attitude of a person to the world around him, in which the ideological attitudes of the person are reflected. In the adolescent period, the cardinal changes of interests, values and outlook take place in general, thus experiences acquire a special course. Modern adolescents are especially concerned about the problems of the future: life planning after graduation, further relationships with friends and parents, career choice, establishing contacts with peers, etc. 

Objective. The specific features of adolescents with deviant behaviour determine the relevance and novelty of this research. The objective is to identify the emotional experience of the specific psychological problems of deviant adolescents. A diagnostic method “Psychological problems of adolescents” (L.A. Regush, E.V. Alekseeva, A.V. Orlova, Yu.S. Pezhemskaya) was used as the main research procedure. 

Design. The study involved 50 secondary school students divided into two groups according to behaviour type. The first group consisted of 25 subjects characterized by frequent behavioural disorders, the second group consisted of 25 subjects with socially acceptable behaviour. The compared groups are unified in terms of age (14-16 y.o.) and gender (male). 

Results. The data analysis showed that in adolescents with behavioural disorders average indicators are much higher (except for the scale “issues related to the society development”) than in adolescents with socially acceptable behaviour. The excess of an upper limit of the permissible values for deviant adolescents is fixed according to scales of psychological problems connected with “the self”, “school”, and “parents’ place”. Based on the statistical analysis using the Mann-Whitney U test, significant differences in the scales on “school related issues” (p≤0,000), “future related issues” (p≤0,011) and “self related issues» (p≤0,014). The differences in the experience issues related to the society development (p≤0,016) and the parent’s place related issues (p≤0,023) were recorded in adolescents with behavioural disorders. The lack of the statistical support of the number of assumptions (the severity of the experience of problems related to peer interaction, leisure, and health) is due primarily to the fact that the content of the method «Psychological problems of adolescents» does not take into account a full range of the needs, motives, values, attitudes, etc., specific to the system of experiences of adolescents with deviant behaviour. This aspect actualizes the need to design a diagnostic tool for solving the social-psychological and psychological pedagogical objectives of deviance studies in their applied orientation. 

Conclusion. The revealed differences point to the need for timely development of the measures for the social psychological prevention of emotional destabilization and / or the reconstruction of the system of experiences of adolescents with a deviant development trajectory. Based on the obtained results, an educational experiment designed to amplify the experiences of adolescents with deviant behavior has been developed and is being tested.

Received: 03/09/2017
Accepted: 05/22/2017
Pages: 129-138
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2017.0413

PDF: /pdf/npj-no28-2017/npj_no28_2017_129-138.pdf

Keywords: deviant behavior in children and adolescent; adolescents; emotional experiences; psychological pedagogical support;

Available Online 01.01.2018

Table 1. Mean values (in points) of the study results of psychological problems experienced by adolescents

Scale of experiencing problems related to:

Norm Range

Delinquent Adolescents (n=25)

Adolescents with Socially Acceptable Behaviour (n=25)

Future

1.73 – 3.19

3.13

2.4

Parent Place

1.7 – 3.1

3.35

2.8

School

1.94 – 3.2

3.69

2.57

Interaction with Peers

1.11 – 2.75

2.19

1.85

Oneself

1.54 – 3.04

4.41

2.37

Leisure pastime

1.43 – 2.85

2.76

2.11

Health

1.54 – 2.9

2.4

2.1

Society Development

2.18 – 3.94

2.9

3.39

Table 2. Percent of subjects according to the level values according to the scales

Scale of experiencing problems related to:

Delinquent Adolescents (n=25)

Adolescents with Socially Acceptable Behaviour (n=25)

Index Level

Low

Average

High

Low

Average

High

Future

0

48

52

8

80

12

Parent Place

0

48

52

0

80

20

School

0

20

80

20

52

28

Interaction with Peers

12

52

36

0

100

0

Oneself

8

48

44

8

80

12

Leisure pastime

0

68

32

8

80

12

Health

20

60

20

8

92

0

Society Development

40

40

20

0

92

8

References:

Aderanti, R. A., Williams, T.M., Womiloju, A. (2015) Socio-personalogical factors as determinants of antisocial behaviours among adolescents in Ikenne, Ogun state. European Scientific Journal, 11, 323–332.

Ashraf, S., Khalid, S., & Ahmed, F. (2014) A Study of emotional empathy and delinquency. European Scientific Journal. Special edition, 385–395.

Bassett, R., Beagan, B. L., Ristovski-Slijepcevic, S., & Chapman, G.E. (2008) Tough teens. The methodological challenges of interviewing teenagers as research participants tough. Journal of Adolescent Research, 23(2), 119–131. doi: 10.1177/0743558407310733

Belobrykina, E.A., & Belobrykina, O.A. (2014) Specificity of communication motivation in adolescents with deviant behaviour. [Aktual’nye problemy psikhologicheskogo znaniya], 2, 47¬58.

Belobrykina, O.A. & Limonchenko, R.A. (2016) Features of the subjective experience of loneliness in adolescents with behavioral disorders. [Sovremennye problemy psikhologii i obrazovaniya v kontekste raboty s razlichnymi kategoriyami detey i molodezhi: materialy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii]. Moscow, Moskovskiy finansovo-yuridicheskiy universitet, 21–31.

Berger, U., Keshet, H., & Gilboa-Schechtman, E. (2017) Self-evaluations in social anxiety: The combined role of explicit and implicit social-rank. Personality and Individual Differences. 104, 368–373. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.08.023

Bolshunova, N.Ya., & Belobrykina, O.A. (2009) Principles and trends of work with neglected children. [Nasilie i prenebrezhenie po otnosheniyu k detyam: profilaktika, vyjavlenie, vmeshatel’stvo: materialy nauchnogo simpoziuma]. St. Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo Sanktpeteburgskogo universiteta, 10-11.

Butorina, N.E., Makarov, S.A., & Butorin, G.G. (2002) Multi-axis system of disease registration and diagnostics of narcological diseases in children and adolescents. [Voprosy narkologii], 2, 38–42.

Cherednichenko, I.P. (2010) Experience in Existential Space. [Gumanitarnyy vektor]. Series «Pedagogy, psychology», 2, 188–194.

Cutrín, O., Gómez-Fraguela, J.A., Maneiro, L., & Sobral, J. (2017) Effects of parenting practices through deviant peers on nonviolent and violent antisocial behaviours in middle- and late-adolescence. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 9 (2), 75–82. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpal.2017.02.001

Denham, S.A. (2006) Social-emotional competence as support for school readiness: What is it and how do we assess it? Early Education and Development, 17, 57–89. doi: 10.1207/s15566935eed1701_4

Dorokhova, S.V. (2016) Experience as a psychological. [Vestnik Kyrgyzsko-Rossijskogo slavjanskogo universiteta], 16(4), 80–83.

Dryman, M. T., Gardner, S., Weeks, J.W., & Heimberg, R.G. (2016) Social anxiety disorder and quality of life: How fears of negative and positive evaluation relate to specific domains of life satisfaction. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 8, 1–8. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.12.003

Fariña, F., Vásquez, M. J., & Arce, R. (2014) Is Offence Severity and the Chronicity of Juvenile Delinquency Mediated by Cognitive-Behavioural Competence? Universitas Psychologica, 13(3), 15–27.

Gutiérrez-García, A., M.G. (2017) Social anxiety and threat-related interpretation of dynamic facial expressions: Sensitivity and response bias. Personality and Individual Differences Volume, 107(1), 10–16. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.025

Hirtenlehner, H, Pauwels, L, & Mesko, G. (2014) Is the effect of perceived deterrence on juvenile offending contingent on the level of self-control? Results from three countries. Br. Journal Criminol. 54(1), 128–150. doi: 10.1093/bjc/azt053

Jacobs, Ja. E., Vernon, M. K., & Eccles, Ja. S. (2004) Relations between social self-perctptions, time use, and prosocial or problem behaviors during adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19(1), 45–62. doi: 10.1177/0743558403258225

Kenchadze, E. (2015) Delinquent behavior, its characteristics and determining factors. European Scientific Journal. Special edition, 71–74.

Kenny, D.T., Blacker, S., & Allerton, M. (2014) Reculer Pour Mieux Sauter: A Review of Attachment and Other Developmental Processes Inherent in Identified Risk Factors for Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Offending. Laws, 3(3), 439–468. doi: 10.3390/laws3030439

Kernberg, P.F., Weiner, A.S., & Bardenstein, K. K. (2008) Personality Disorders in Children and Adolescents. New York: Basic Books.

Kiverstein, J. (2015) Empathy and the responsiveness to social affordances. Original Research Article Consciousness and Cognition, 36, 532–542. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2015.05.002

Kõiv, K. (2016) Perceived multiple emotional self-concepts in groups of juvenile delinquents and nondelinquents. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 49–56. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.02.023

Koshenova, M.I. (2016) Results of questioning «Behavior of school-aged children concerning health» in the city of Novosibirsk in the context of interregional research. E.V. Markova, M.G. Chukhrova, M.Milankov (Eds). Science today: from theory to practice: Proceedings of the 7nd International Academic Conference «Innovation in Psychology, Pedagogy & Medicine», Mui ne (Vietnam). Saint-Louis, Missouri, USA, Science and Innovation Center Publishing House.

Limonchenko, R.A., & Belobrykina, O.A. (2015) Features of social emotions in adolescents with behavioral disorders. [Psikhologiya: sbornik nauchnykh statey mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy shkoly «Paradigma»: Leto-2015]. Varna, CNII «Paradigma», 185–193.

Limonchenko, R.A. (2017) Psychological substantiation of the method of the formative experiment with the support of adolescents at risk in an educational institution. [Nauchno-metodicheskiy elektronnyy zhurnal «Koncept»], 39: Retrieved from: http://e-koncept.ru/2017/970651.htm – (Accessed: 31/05/2017).

Milojević, S., & Dimitrijević, A. (2014) Empathic capacity of delinquent convicted minors. PSIHOLOGIJA, 47 (1), 65–79. doi: 10.2298/PSI1401065M

Morrison, A. S., Mateen, M. A., Brozovich, F. A., Zaki, J., Goldin, P. R., Heimberg, R. G., & Gross, J. J. (2016) Empathy for positive and negative emotions in social anxiety disorder. Original Research Article Behaviour Research and Therapy, 87, 232–242.

Prikhozhan, A.M., & Tolstykh, N.N. (2011) An adolescent in a textbook and in life: the crisis of thirteen years. [Na poroge vzrosleniya: sbornik nauchnykh statey k tret’ey Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Seriya «Psikhologiya razvitiya»]. Moscow, Rossiyskij gumanitarnyy nauchnyy fond, 14–22.

Pronina, A.N. (2010) Scientific aspects of the study of human experience in the structure of socialization and individualization. [Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo]. Series «Social Sciences», 2, 117–120.

Rice F., & Dolgin K. (2010) Psychology of adolescence and adolescence. St. Petersburg, Peter, 816.

Rean, A.A. (2015) Risk Factors of Deviant Behaviour: Family Context. National Psychological Journal, 20(4), 105–110. doi: 10.11621/npj.2015.0410

Regush, L.A. (2009) Self-attitude of adolescents and experiencing problems of school life. [Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gertsena], 100, 57–65.

Regush, L.A., Alekseeva, E.V., Orlova, A.V., & Pezhemskaya, Yu.S. (2012) «Psychological problems of adolescents»: a standardized methodology: scientific and methodological materials. St. Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo RGPU im. A.I. Gertsena, 34.

Rubinshtein, S.L. (2003) Fundamentals of General Psychology. St. Petersburg, Piter, 713.

Sanches, C., Gouveia-Pereira, M., Marôco, J., Gomes, H., & Roncon, F. (2016) Deviant behavior variety scale: development and validation with a sample of Portuguese adolescents. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica. 29 (31), 1–8. doi: 10.1186/s41155-016-0035-7

Selivanova, Z.K. (2013) The value world of Russian adolescents: development, dynamics, management (sociological aspect): monograph. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo MPEI, 200.

Schneider, L. (2016) Psychology of adolescent deviance and addiction: teaching tips for students. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo psikhologo-social’nogo universiteta, 300.

Yasnaya, V.A. (2013) Distortions of identity in adolescents with deviant behavior. [Psikhologiya i pravo], 4, 121–131.

For citing this article:

Belobrykina O.A., Limonchenko R.A. (2017). Features of experiencing psychological problems in deviant adolescents. National Psychological Journal, 4, 129–138

About Editorial Board Volumes Authors For Authors Indexing Contacts
CC BY-NC

National Psychological Journal, 2006 - 2020