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Emelianova S.A., Gusev A.N. (2016). The self-regulation peculiarity impact to the phenomenon of compensatory discrimination. National Psychological Journal. 4, 48-58.

Abstract

The psychophysical research (N=106) on loudness distinction of tonal signals (method 2AFC) has been carried out. Applying the principle of subject`s activity and qualitative analysis to traditional psychophysical research was accomplished in the frameworks of differential psychological approach in psychophysics. The influence of self-regulation (questionnaires: HAKEMP-90, Style of behaviour self-regulation, Self- organization of behavior) on sensory sensitivity index A’ was observed. The relationship between loudness distinction effect and self-regulation processes mediating the sensory task decision were revealed. Applying the theoretical principle of subject`s activity to traditional psychophysical research was accomplished in the frameworks of differential psychology approach in psychophysics (A.N. Gusev). The idea of stimuli variation uncertainty results in appropriate transformation of the functional organ (A.N. Leontiev, A.A. Ukhtomskiy) that is relevant to sensory discrimination task performance.

Received: 04/13/2016
Accepted: 04/27/2016
Pages: 48-58
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0407

Sections: Neuropsychology;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no24-2016/npj_no24_2016_048-058.pdf

Keywords: psychophysics; loudness distinction; sensory task; individual differences; self-regulation;

Available Online 30.12.2016

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:10840:"<p>
<b>Table 1. </b>Modal-nonspecific signs used by Aimed-at-Acting and Aimed-at-Condition subjects. Self-reports.
</p>
<table border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="100%" style="width: 100%;">
<tbody>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
<b>Modal-nonspecific signs </b>
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
<b>Aimed-at- Acting Subjects</b>
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
<b>Aimed-at- Condition Subjects</b>
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Images of specific objects
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             87.2%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             72.5%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Graphic schemes
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             89%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             49%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Size
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             92.7%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             80.3%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Verbal designation of signal by words or syllables
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             85.4%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             58.8%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Length of visual image
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             30.9%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             35.2%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Location in space
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             43.6%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             41.1%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Sound localization in head space
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             50.9%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             25.4%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             The direction of sound movement
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             69%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             9.8%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Colour sensation
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             56.3%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             15.6%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Proprioceptive sensation
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             7.2%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             3.9%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Kinesthetic and tactile sensations
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             16.3%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             13.7%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Sound duration
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             60%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             29.4%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Brightness of visual image
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             90.9%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             62.7%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Space filled
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             23.6%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             13.7%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Density
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             7.27%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             9.8%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Rate of volume increase
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             38.1%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             50.9%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr style="height: 1cm;">
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p>
             Stress, rhythm
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             69%
        </p>
    </td>
    <td width="33%" style="width: 33.34%; height: 1cm;">
        <p align="center">
             52.9%
        </p>
    </td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
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<p>
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<p>
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</p>
<p>
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</p>
<p>
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For citing this article:

Emelianova S.A., Gusev A.N. (2016). The self-regulation peculiarity impact to the phenomenon of compensatory discrimination. National Psychological Journal. 4, 48-58.

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