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Gudzovskaya Alla A. (2016). Development of social maturity: inter- and intra-subject factors. Longitudinal study.

Abstract

The first part of the paper describes an approach to understanding social maturity and operational criteria for its estimation. In general, social maturity is defined as the willingness of an individual to take responsibility for developing his/her community. Social identification with broad social communities is an integral component of social maturity. The paper presents the results of the age analysis (intra-subject factor) and the analysis of psycho-pedagogical conditions (inter-subject factor) which facilitate the appearance of «I - person» social identity in the mental representation of a person. Inter-individual trajectory of social maturity development passes through a number of «points». At the age of 7 a person has a typical position of «I» identity; during adolescence the teenager reaches the point of the «Person» identity, whose qualities may differ from those of a child. By the age of 25 more than third of young people has acquired the «I-person» identity. Recreation of psycho-pedagogical conditions in primary schools, development of children’s cooperation, development of children’s ability to communicate with different participants of the educational process, actualization of different levels of social identity are the factors that allow to found the basis of the «I - person» identity in two thirds of the participants of the experiment. The results are stable over a long period of time (18-year).

The second part represents the analysis of the specific features of mental self-representation effect on the subsequent social and psychological development of a person. Correlation analysis between the indices of the categorical structure of texts written on the same issue by the same authors at the age of 7 and then 25 years has revealed the types of empirical ways to form social maturity. These types include: «I - for the Company», «I – for others», «I - for the family,» «I –for an activity» and «I - for myself.» The ways to form social maturity are widely shown in the paper according to these types.

Received: 12/18/2015
Accepted: 01/23/2016
Pages: 105-113
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0210

Sections: Social Psychology;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no22-2016/npj_no22_2016_105-113.pdf

Keywords: social maturity; social identity; socialization; sensitive period; inter-subject factors of social maturity development; individual way of social maturity development; mental representation; pedagogical experiment; longitudinal study; content analysis;

Available Online 30.08.2016

Table 1. Significant correlation coefficients between the indicators of category frequency "Destiny of man" (8 y.o.) with category frequency of adult works (25 y.o.)

Categories of "adult" works

r S

р

Human properties including:

- values, own rules of life

0.527

0.01

- personal opinion

0.400

0.05

- perception of the world, experience

0.814

0.001

- deeds, actions

0.449

0.01

- motivation, needs

0.373

0.05

- goals

0.462

0.01

Duties/debt including:

0.461

0.01

- self-development

0.438

0.05

- caring for close relations

0.397

0.05

- acting for the good of society

0.632

0.001

Table 2. Significant correlation coefficients between the indicators of category frequency "Quality of personality" with category frequency of adult works

Categories of "adult" works

r S

р

Opportunities, human capacity including:

- Sphere of communication

0.572

0.001

The results of human activities, actions including:

- acts, actions, responsibility for implementation of plans

0.443

0.05

The concept of "Person"

0.394

0.05

Identity including:

- Individuality

0.432

0.05

Table 3. Significant correlation coefficients between the indicators of category frequency "Essential characteristics" with category frequency of adult works

Categories of "adult" works

r S

р

Family (parents, relatives, children, loved ones)

0.455

0.01

The results of human activities, actions including:

0.399

0.05

- acts, actions, responsibility for implementation of plans

0.370

0.05

- other

0.365

0.05

Time including:

0.365

0.05

- the past

0.380

0.05

Table 4. Significant correlation coefficients between the indicators of category frequency "Opinion" with category frequency of adult works

Categories of "adult" works

r S

р

The concept of "Person" including:

0.387

0.05

- the social nature of person

0.349

0.05

Identity including individuality

0.510

0.01

The results of human activities, actions including:

- acts, actions, responsibility for implementation of plans

0.680

0.001

- ideas

Table 5. Significant correlation coefficients between the indicators of category frequency "Things" with category frequency of adult works

Categories of "adult" works

r S

р

Human properties including self-identification, selfness

0.465

0.01

Opportunities, human capacity including thinking

0.438

0.05

Identity including individuality

0.464

0.01

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For citing this article:

Gudzovskaya Alla A. (2016). Development of social maturity: inter- and intra-subject factors. Longitudinal study.

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