ISSN 2079-6617 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9828 (Online)
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Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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MainAuthors

Vinogradova Marina G.

Виноградова М.Г.

Ph.D in Psychology
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Moscow, Russia

Articles

Ermusheva A.A. Vinogradova M.G., Tkhostov A.Sh. (2020). Categorization of bodily sensations in psychodermatological disorders. National Psychological Journal, [Natsional’nyy psikhologicheskiy zhurnal], (13)4, 75–84. doi: 10.11621/npj.2020.0406

Background. Categorization is one of the cognitive processes that ensure objects definition based on selected key features. Studying the aspects of categorization of bodily sensations allows to investigate the making sense of bodily sensations which seems promising in the context of exploring pathological bodily sensations.

Objective: to study the aspects of categorization in psychodermatological disorders.

Design. The study involved 113 patients with mental disorders with complaints of pathological bodily sensations (63 patients with psychodermatological disorders: delusional infestation (n = 33), neurotic excoriation (n = 30); 50 patients with depression with somatic symptoms). There were used the “Short Health Anxiety Inventory” and the psychosemantic method “Choice of descriptors of intraceptive sensations” with instructions: to choose bodily sensations of the healthy state, to classify sensations according to their similarity.

Results. In psychodermatological disorders, health anxiety was lower in comparison to depression with somatic symptoms. The analysis of bodily sensations categorization of the healthy state revealed a significantly smaller descriptors number from classes of general somatic sensations, dynamics sensations, exteroceptive sensations and pleasant bodily sensations in psychodermatological disorders. In bodily sensations classification two general categories of bodily experience were distinguished: bodily sensations associated with the illness experience and bodily sensations of habitual functioning.

Conclusion. Although there were the differences in health-anxiety and specificity of clinical manifestations in patients with mental disorders with complaints of pathological bodily sensations, the comparability of categorical structures of bodily experience was described, which manifested itself in features of general categories of bodily experience in psychodermatological disorders and depression with somatic symptoms.

Received: 11/03/2020

Accepted: 12/17/2020

Pages: 75-84

DOI: 10.11621/npj.2020.0406

By: ; ; ;

Available Online: 30.10.2020

Tkhostov A.Sh., Vinogradova M.G. (2018) Psychological issues of rehabilitation of mental patients. National Psychological Journal, 11(2), 32–37

Background. At different stages of the development of the society, the principles that lie in the basis of rehabilitation programs and are justified by experts of various fields are changing. The opportunities that modern society possesses, the resources that it is ready to spend to solve a wide range of rehabilitation problems, are transformed, evolve and require scientific reflection.

The Objective is to discuss modern principles of rehabilitation and social integration of mentally disturbed individuals.

Design. The role of the subject of the rehabilitation program and the role of society in implementing the programs are discussed. The principle of general and targeted rehabilitation work is justified, the principle of continuity and increasing specificity of psychological assistance, the principle of the subject's own activity are identified.

Research results. The need to address not only the conscious motivation of the subject, but also the consideration of unconscious motives for participation in rehabilitation activities and in maintaining health is disclosed. The fixed notion of norm as the ideal and the difficulty of changing stereotypes towards a mentally disturbed person are discussed.

Conclusion. On the one hand, rehabilitation of a mental patients should be based on the developed and appropriately maintained personality orientation, the ability to take partial responsibility for mental condition and development. On the other hand, the patient needs societal support, preparedness of society to integrate into an active social life and to change the established stereotypes.

Received: 04/27/2018

Accepted: 05/11/2018

Pages: 32-37

DOI: doi: 10.11621/npj.2018.0204

By: ; ;

Keywords: rehabilitation of mental patients; psychological assistance; motivation; rehabilitation principles; social integration;

Available Online: 01.08.2018


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