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Ilyasov I.I., Kostrova A.V. (2017). Connection between types of learning by P.Ya. Galperin with kinds of thinking in school students. National Psychological Journal. 3, 62-75.

Abstract

In order to determine the correlational relations mentioned in the title here above, a number of experiments with school students have been carried out. They included knowledge instruction on the basis of Galperin’s types of learning on three school subjects (history, biology, geometry); checking the level of logical thinking by means of solving a number of tasks that include basic logical operations such as categorization, generalization, classification, deductive conclusions, finding of analogies and equalizing of variables; estimation of the development level of abilities for searching solutions of insight problems by the results of solving five such problems taken from the set of tasks used in researches on creative thinking; appraisal of the development level of creativity by using the subtest “sketches” in Guilford’s technique.

The sample included 132 school students of the 7th grades from Yekaterinburg schools, Russia. The obtained data were processed statistically using Pearson and Spearman coefficients. Concerning the correlations studied, the following results have been received.

The effectiveness of 1st type of learning is strongly connected with the development of logical thinking (r=0,54), is moderately connected with the ability to solve convergent problems (r=0,34) and is not connected with the ability to solve creative divergent tasks. The effectiveness of 2nd type of learning is connected with the level of logical operations development (r=0,29 for facts and r=0,57 for proofs) and is not connected with the ability to solve convergent and divergent problems. The effectiveness of the 3rd type of learning does not deal with solving convergent tasks, is hardly connected with flexibility (r=0,25) and ingenuity (r=0,21) of solving creative tasks, and even less the 2nd type of learning is connected with logical development when logically complex knowledge is assumed (r=0,48). The established ties give grounds to suggest that the use of the 1st type of learning should develop the abilities for solving insight problems and should not develop creativity in course of instruction, the 2nd type of learning has potential of logical operations development; the 3rd

Received: 08/02/2017
Accepted: 09/10/2017
Pages: 62-75
DOI: 10.11621/npj.2017.0308

By: Ilyasov I.I.;

Sections: Psychology in Education;

PDF: /pdf/npj-no27-2017/npj_no27_2017_062-075.pdf

Keywords: Galperin P.Y.; types of teaching by P.Ya. Galperin; success of training; creative thinking; development of thinking;

Available Online 10.10.2017

Table 1. The number of subjects who solved the problem using "quick wit", and the number of points for the correct decision

Task

Number of subjects who solved the problem

Number of points for the correct decision

1

Four points and three lines

49

1

2

Fake coin

5

3

3

Equal matches

18

2

4

Cheese cutting

59

1

5

Making 4 triangles with 6 matches

6

3

6

River and boat

10

3

7

Bookworm

2

3

8

Creature born of a cow

21

2

9

Cards with numbers and letters

А

11

2

Б

11

2

В

9

2

Table 2. Z Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistics for variables estimated in the study

Logic

Convergent Tasks

Fluency

Ingenuity

Flexibility

Sophisticated Approach

Building Knowledge 1 from Messages

Building Knowledge 2 from Messages

Assignments for Using Deductive Approach

Z Kolmogorov-Smirnov Statistics

0.8

2.5

1

2.2

1.1

1.2

1.4

0.4

0.8

Value

0.54

0

0.2

0

0.16

0.11

0.03

0.99

0.5

Table 3. Correlation of success in using knowledge within the 2nd and 3rd types of learning with developed logical thinking

2nd type of learning, using readymade knowledge 2

3rd type of learning, deductive approach

Logic

Pearson's coefficient

,572**

,483**

 

Value (2-sided)

,000

,000

 

N

61

85

**Correlation is significant at the point of 0.01 (2-sided)

Table 4. Correlation of the success in using knowledge within the 1st and 2nd types of learning with developed logical thinking

1st type of learning, using knowledge by searching

2nd type of learning, using readymade knowledge 1

Logic

Spearman’s coefficient

0,54**

,288**

 

Value (2-sided)

0,01

,009

 

N

80

80

**Correlation is significant at the point of 0.01 (2-sided)

Table 5. Correlation of the success in solving creative problems using "quick wit" with developed logical thinking

Problem

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Logic

Spearman’s coefficient

,238**

,191*

,128

,274**

-,037

,323**

,050

,123

,236**

Value (2-sided)

,008

,033

,156

,002

,685

,000

,580

,172

,008

N

124

124

124

124

124

124

124

124

124

* Correlation is valuable at the point of 0.05 (2-sided)

** Correlation is valuable at the point of 0.01 (2-sided)

Table 6. Correlations of the success in using knowledge within the 1st, 2nd and 3rd types of learning with developed convergent thinking

1st type of learning, using knowledge by searching

2nd type of learning, using readymade knowledge 1

2nd type of learning, using readymade knowledge 2

3rd type of learning, deductive approach

Convergent Thinking (Task 2, 3, 5, 7, 8)

Spearman’s coefficient

0,34**

,233*

,126

,157

Value (2-sided)

0,01

,033

,324

0,12

N

97

84

63

90

* Correlation is valuable at the point of 0.05 (2-sided)

** Correlation is valuable at the point of 0.01 (2-sided)

Table 7. Correlations of the success in using knowledge within the 2nd and 3rd types of learning with developed creative potential

2nd type of learning, using readymade knowledge 2

3nd type of learning. deductive approach

Fluency

Pearson's coefficient

,178

,133

Value (2-sided)

,169

,224

N

61

85

Flexibility

Pearson's coefficient

,225

,247*

Value (2-sided)

,081

,023

N

61

85

Sophisticated Approach

Pearson's coefficient

,200

,085

Value (2-sided)

,122

,438

N

61

85

* Correlation is valuable at the point of 0.05 (2-sided)

Table  8.

 

1st type of learning. using knowledge by searching

2nd type of learning. building readymade knowledge 1

2nd type of learning. building readymade knowledge 2

3rd type of learning. deductive approach

Ingenuity

Spearman’s coefficient

0,14

,097

,109

,214*

Value (2-sided)

0,17

,392

,405

,049

N

93

80

61

85

Fluency

Spearman’s coefficient

0,01

-,033

 

Value (2-sided)

0,94

,774

N

93

80

Flexibility

Spearman’s coefficient

124

,162

Value (2-sided)

0,24

,152

N

93

80

Sophistica-ted Approach

Spearman’s coefficient

0,16

-,038

Value (2-sided)

0,13

,741

N

93

80

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Ilyasov I.I., Kostrova A.V. (2017). Connection between types of learning by P.Ya. Galperin with kinds of thinking in school students. National Psychological Journal. 3, 62-75.

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